neourtransmitter testing testing testing


brain-gut axis



Dopamine Jackpot! Sapolsky on the Science of Pleasure

Dopamine has many functions in the brain, including important roles in behavior and cognition, motor activity, motivation and reward, regulation of milk production, sleep, mood, attention, and learning.

The phasic responses of dopamine neurons are observed when an unexpected reward is presented.

These responses transfer to the onset of a conditioned stimulus after repeated pairings with the reward.

Further, dopamine neurons are depressed when the expected reward is omitted.

Thus, dopamine neurons seem to encode the prediction error of rewarding outcomes.

In nature, we learn to repeat behaviors that maximize rewards.

Dopamine may provide a teaching signal to parts of the brain responsible for acquiring new behavior.

Frontal cortical perfusion abnormalities related to gluten intake

Wheat Cuts Off Blood Flow To Frontal Cortex



Microbes Help Produce Serotonin in Gut

Your gut needs bacteria to make more serotonin

Probiotics Change Brain Activity, Emotional Response

Serotonin is primarily found in the enteric nervous system located in the gastrointestinal system.

Approximately 90% of total serotonin in the human body is located in the enterochromaffin cells in the gastrointestinal system, where it regulates intestinal movements.

In the central nervous system serotonin plays an important role as a neurotransmitter in the regulation of anger, aggression, body temperature, mood, sleep, vomiting, sexuality, and appetite.

Serotonin is also produced in the Raphe nuclei located in the brainstem.

Additionally - serotonin stored in blood platelets - is released during agitation and vasoconstriction where it then acts as an agonist to other platelets.

As with all neurotransmitters, the effects of serotonin on the human mood and state of mind, and its role in consciousness, are very difficult to fully ascertain.


endogenous opioid peptides

There are three well-characterized families of opioid peptides produced by the body: enkephalins, endorphins and dynorphins. An enkephalin is a pentapeptide involved in regulating pain and nociception in the body.

The enkephalins are termed endogenous ligands, or specifically endorphins, as they are internally derived and bind to the body's opioid receptors.

Endorphins resemble the opiates in their abilities to produce analgesia and a sense of well-being.

Endorphins are "natural pain killers."

Other drugs may increase the effects of the endorphins.

The term "endorphin" implies a pharmacological activity as opposed to a specific chemical formulation.

It consists of two parts: endo- and -orphin; these are short forms of the words endogenous and opium, intended to mean "a morphine-like substance originating from within the body."

The term endorphin rush has been adopted in popular speech to refer to feelings of exhilaration brought on by pain, danger, or other forms of stress due to the influence of endorphins.

Dynorphin is a class of peptides which has some opiate-like activity.

The dynorphins, which include dynorphin A, dynorphin B, alpha- and beta-neoendorphin, and big dynorphin, are all the products of a single gene, 'preprodynorphin'.

Dynorphin functions primarily as a kappa opioid receptor agonist, meaning that it acts mainly at kappa opioid receptors.

Other opioid peptides include beta-endorphin, met-enkephalin, leu-enkephalin and endomorphins.

neuron synapse

God is in The Neurons

neuron synapses

Neurons reveal why ‘haste makes waste’

These neurons have a touchy-feely job to do

Antidromic-rectifying gap junctions amplify chemical
transmission at functionally mixed electrical-chemical synapses

One of the most important features of neuron synapses is that they are the site of action for the majority of psychoactive drugs.

Neuron synapses are affected by drugs such as curare, strychnine, cocaine™, opium, alcohol, LSD, and countless others.

These drugs have different effects on synaptic function, and often are restricted to neuron synapses that use a specific neurotransmitters.

Curare is a poison which stops acetylcholine from depolarising the post-synaptic membrane, causing paralysis.

Strychnine blocks the inhibitory effects of the neurotransmitter glycine, which causes the body to pick up and react to weaker and previously ignored stimuli, resulting in uncontrollable muscle contractions.

Ethanol increases the inhibitory effects of the neurotransmitter GABA.

Morphine hydrochloride acts on synapses that use endorphin neurotransmitters.

Cocaine hydrochloride blocks reuptake of dopamine and therefore increases its effects.

Lysergic acid diethylamide interferes with synapses that use the neurotransmitter serotonin to cause hallucination.

Entheogens modulate the serotonin system in such a way to produce psychedelic alterations in perception, emotional response, and thought process'.

These include psilocin, psilocybin, ibogaine, mescaline, n,n-dimethyltryptamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxy-n-ethylamphetamine .


unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.

This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.

Fair Use Notice

This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information see: If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Dedicated to the establishment of knowledge, truth, justice and a clear understanding of reality as the American way!
Copyright © Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved