1960s FCC and
the courts apply the Fairness Doctrine to require
cigarette manufacturers to
include the surgeon general's warnings in their
Polluters are required to notify the
public when advertising a toxic product.
Advertisers of gas guzzling
automobiles have to provide rebuttal time for
advocates to debate the impact of
wasteful fuel consumption.
Supreme Court unanimously upholds
the Fairness Doctrine in the Red Lion case: "it is the right of the viewers and
listeners, not the right of the broadcasters which is paramount."
1988 A Syracuse, New York,
television station has broadcast nine paid editorials advocating the
construction of a nuclear power
The station refuses to air opposing viewpoints of an
Ronald Reagan appointees
side with the television station applying a
privatization philosophy to the airwaves.
Broadcasters henceforth are
under no obligation to air opposing views.
"C-SPAN is seen regularly by
twice as many men as women. Less well educated individuals and those who do not
use computers most often say they never watch the channel." -
Pew Research Center
1995 C-SPAN launches Washington Journal,
a political talkshow described as a "flagship viewer call-in program."
Airing seven mornings a
week, usually three hours per day, Washington Journal generally features
a host, guests and viewer calls.
November 1, 2004 to
April 30, 2005
Extra! studies Washington Journal
guestlist, tabulating all 663 guests that appear on the show.
are classified by gender, ethnicity, party affiliation (if any) and
The study also looked at the
think tanks most prominently represented
on the television show.
Washington Journal skews rightward,
favoring Republican and right-of-center interview subjects.
representative of a third party
appeared during the study period.
Enterprise Institute and the Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace were the best-represented
Institution had seven appearances, followed by the Heritage
Foundation and the Center for Strategic and International Studies, two
conservative groups whose experts each appeared five
Among left-leaning think tanks, only the Center for International
Policy provided as many as two guests.
organizations and public interest
advocates accounted for 9%.
environmentalists and consumer rights groups accounted for just six guest
appearances, or 1% of the total.
"No more than
four out of ten [cable viewers] ever watch C-SPAN.
I took at face value
what people were saying - in the government and in the
corporate media and in business over the
years - that all they really cared about was fairness and
want the government to tell me what I can listen to.
trust the public at large any day to
make a decision over
what is good and
what is evil." -
Absent a resurrection of the Fairness Doctrine, civic life,
already invisible on television, will become
an irrelevant relic to
the next generation.
They will know little to nothing about
relevant issues or why participatory
democracy was considered important for maintaining liberty.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda
from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international
corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of
reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs
when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or
persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a
system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie -
a rational religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no
tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every
individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and
Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing
the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human
race. The international corporate cartel
already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the
global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the
collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not
occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values have
declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
corrupt international elites vision of a
perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of
the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web
site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally
presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the
facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected,
redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved