Fairness Doctrine

buy a politician

"Television is just another appliance
- it's a toaster with images."
Mark Fowler

R.I.P., Fairness Doctrine

"The clear intent was to prevent a monopoly of commercial values from overwhelming democratic values - to assure that the official image of reality - corporate or government - was not the only image of reality that reached the people." - Bill Moyers

"To say Americans don't need the Fairness Doctrine because opinions censored by private owners of big media companies can still appear somewhere on the Internet - even though only a tiny fraction of the public will ever encounter them - is to proclaim the absolute right to forward only opinions of the plutocrats and oligarches controlling the industrial-military-media-corporate complex." - Mark Gabrish Conlan

1960s FCC and the courts apply the Fairness Doctrine to require cigarette manufacturers to include the surgeon general's warnings in their television and radio advertisements.

Polluters are required to notify the public when advertising a toxic product.

Advertisers of gas guzzling automobiles have to provide rebuttal time for public interest advocates to debate the impact of wasteful fuel consumption.

1969 Supreme Court unanimously upholds the Fairness Doctrine in the Red Lion case: "it is the right of the viewers and listeners, not the right of the broadcasters which is paramount."

1973 Heritage Foundation sets up shop.

"If you want to see when (neo)conservatives were in trouble go back the year the Heritage Foundation set up shop.

We were just a handful of people in a few rented rooms.

At that time there were no cable outlets like Fox News.

There was no (neo)conservative talk radio, because the Fairness Doctrine was still in effect." - Edwin Feulner, Heritage Foundation

1988 A Syracuse, New York, television station has broadcast nine paid editorials advocating the construction of a nuclear power plant.

The station refuses to air opposing viewpoints of an anti-nuke group.

Three Ronald Reagan appointees side with the television station applying a laissez-faire privatization philosophy to the airwaves.

Broadcasters henceforth are under no obligation to air opposing views.

"C-SPAN is seen regularly by twice as many men as women. Less well educated individuals and those who do not use computers most often say they never watch the channel." - Pew Research Center

1995 C-SPAN launches Washington Journal, a political talkshow described as a "flagship viewer call-in program."

Airing seven mornings a week, usually three hours per day, Washington Journal generally features a host, guests and viewer calls.

November 1, 2004 to April 30, 2005

Extra! studies Washington Journal guestlist, tabulating all 663 guests that appear on the show.

Guests are classified by gender, ethnicity, party affiliation (if any) and profession.

The study also looked at the think tanks most prominently represented on the television show.

Washington Journal skews rightward, favoring right-of-center interview subjects.

No representative of a third party appeared during the study period.

The American Enterprise Institute and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace were the best-represented think tanks.

The Brookings Institution had seven appearances, followed by the Heritage Foundation and the Center for Strategic and International Studies, two conservative groups whose experts each appeared five times.

Among left-leaning think tanks, only the Center for International Policy provided as many as two guests.

Citizen-based organizations and public interest advocates accounted for 9%.

Union representatives, environmentalists and consumer rights groups accounted for just six guest appearances, or 1% of the total.

"No more than four out of ten [cable viewers] ever watch C-SPAN.

I took at face value what people were saying - in the government and in the corporate media and in business over the years - that all they really cared about was fairness and objectivity.

I don't want the government to tell me what I can listen to.

I would trust the public at large any day to make a decision over what is good and what is evil." - Brian Lamb

Absent a resurrection of the Fairness Doctrine, civic life, already invisible on television, will become an irrelevant relic to the next generation.

They will know little to nothing about relevant issues or why participatory democracy was considered important for maintaining liberty.

unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.

This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.

Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information see: If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Dedicated to the establishment of knowledge, truth, justice and a clear understanding of reality as the American way!
Copyright © Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved