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A very strange theory, called Luigi's Conjecture,
states that if you say the opposite of what is true
to someone they often get confused



A very strange theory called Luigi's Conjecture


The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was created in 1777 soon after the Declaration of Independence and existed as the only constitution until 1788. The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states.

On February 21, 1787, the Congress of the Confederation delivered a resolution authorizing a Philadelphia constitutional convention but with an important limitation: "for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation and reporting to Congress and the several legislatures."

Prior to the Philadelphia constitutional convention, Founding Fathers wrote and distributed approximately 85 "Federalist Papers" to extol the virtues of an entirely new, second constitution for the people of America. By doing this, they hoped to reverse the prevailing negative public opinion and increase the public's confidence in such a plan. To help them, Founding Fathers hid behind a pseudonym when writing their Federalist Papers; each was signed as "Publius," meaning "friend of the people" (or public).

Many of the dissenting voices among the free inhabitants of the several states regarded the upcoming Philadelphia constitutional convention as potentially illegal. They well-understood from the Federalist Papers the Federalists goal of creating a new constitution and not simply revising the existing one. In the minds of the free inhabitants, the accomplishment of Federalist goals could unravel the freedoms and liberties they had gained under the Articles of Confederation and won by the American Revolution.

The Philadelphia constitutional convention, held from May into September 1787, exceeded the authority given it. Instead of revising the Articles of Confederation they created an entirely new constitution.

The Constitution of the United States, signed September 17, 1787, was deemed ratified June 21, 1788 by only nine states instead of the unanimous ratification of all 13 states required by the Articles of Confederation. Thereafter, a new, centralized U.S. Government was formed, disregarding the original, decentralized American jurisdiction of state legislatures established soon after the American Revolution.

In June of 1788 at the Virginia Conference, orator and Anti-Federalist, Patrick Henry, exposed the political tactics of propaganda he believed the Federalists had used to win over the public. The Framers had pandered to the people in order to get their way, he said, by convincing the people, that under a new constitution, democracy would mean the government belonged to them.

" Who authorized them to speak the language, 'We, the people', instead of 'We, the states?' . . . That they exceed their powers is perfectly clear . . . The Federal Convention ought to have amended the old system; for this purpose they were solely delegated; the object of their mission extended to no other consideration." - Patrick Henry, June 4, 1788

The Constitution of 1787 and the U.S. government it formed was an illegitimate (unauthorized) takeover of the original American jurisdiction. The new Constitution provided for a much stronger national government with a chief executive (the president), courts, and taxing powers. The Articles of Confederation have never been been lawfully repealed.

Americans, no longer suffering as indentured-servant subjects of the British monarchy, now suffer as indentured-servant subjects of a the United States Incorporated beholden to an obscured corporate-banking cartel.

The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union still stand.

The Constitution was a Federalist counterrevolution turning States into Municipalities
.


articles of confederation and perpetual union


The 16th Amendment

SEVENTEENTH AMENDMENT NOT RATIFIED

According to Bill Benson's evidence the 16th amendment was not legally ratified.

According to Bill Benson's evidence Philander Chase Knox, the Secretary of State, committed fraud when he declared the 16th amendment ratified in February 1913 shortly before leaving office.

Philander Chase Knox served as: a director of the Fifth National Bank of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh National Bank of Commerce; counsel for the Carnegie Steel Company taking a prominent part in organizing the United States Steel Corporation in 1901; served as Attorney General in the cabinets of William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt and served as Pennsylvania Senator

What follows is a summary of some of the major findings for many of the states, showing that their ratifications were not legal and should not have been counted.

The 16th amendment had been sent out in 1909 to the state governors for ratification by the state legislatures after having been passed by Congress. There were 48 states at that time, and three-fourths, or 36, of them were required to give their approval in order for it to be ratified.

The process took almost the whole term of the Taft administration, from 1909 to 1913.

Philander Chase Knox had received responses from 42 states when he declared the 16th amendment ratified on February 25, 1913, just a few days before leaving office to make way for the administration of Woodrow Wilson. Philander Chase Knox acknowledged that four of those states (Utah, Conn, R.I. and N.H.) had rejected it, and he counted 38 states as having approved it.

Bill Benson's evidence:

In Kentucky, the legislature acted on the amendment without even having received it from the governor (the governor of each state was to transmit the proposed amendment to the state legislature). The version of the amendment that the Kentucky legislature made up and acted upon omitted the words "on income" from the text.

In Oklahoma, the legislature changed the wording of the amendment and this was the version they sent back. A memo from Philander Chase Knox's chief legal counsel, Reuben Clark, declared states were not allowed to change the amendment in any way.

If any state could be shown to have violated its own state constitution or laws in its approval process, then that state's approval would have to be thrown out.

The state constitution of Tennessee prohibited the state legislature from acting on any proposed amendment to the United States Constitution sent by Congress until after the next election of state legislators. The intent, of course, is to give the proposed amendment a chance to become an issue in the state legislative elections so that the people can have a voice in determining the outcome. It also provides a cooling off period to reduce the tendency to approve an idea just because it happens to be the moment's trend.

In voting on the amendment the Tennessee legislature acted illegally by voting before they were legally authorized to do so. The Tennessee legislature also violated their own state constitution by failing to read the resolution on three different days as prescribed by Article II, Section 18. These state constitutional violations make their approval of the amendment null and void.


Texas and Louisiana violated provisions in their state constitutions prohibiting the legislatures from empowering the federal government with any additional taxing authority.

Twelve other states, besides Tennessee, violated provisions in their constitutions requiring that a bill be read on three different days before voting on it. This is not a trivial requirement. It allows for a cooling off period; it enables members who may be absent one day to be present on another; it allows for a better familiarity with, and understanding of, the measure under consideration, since some members may not always read a bill or resolution before voting on it.

States violating this procedure were: Mississippi, Ohio, Arkansas, Minnesota, New Mexico, West Virginia, Indiana, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Colorado, and Illinois.

When state results were returned to Philander Chase Knox it was required that the documents, including the resolution that was actually approved, be properly certified, signed, and sealed by the appropriate official(s). This is no more than any ordinary citizen has to do in filing any legal document, so that it's authenticity is assured.

A number of states did not do this, returning uncertified, unsigned, and/or unsealed copies, and did not rectify their negligence even after being reminded and warned by Philander Chase Knox.

The most egregious offenders were Ohio, California, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Minnesota - which did not send any copy at all.

Several states constitutions limited the taxing authority of their legislatures, which could not give to the federal government authority they did not have.

Virginia and Pennsylvania ignored the proposed amendment.

Florida rejected the amendment.

Vermont and Massachusetts had rejected the amendment much earlier by recorded votes, but, strangely, submitted to the Secretary within a few days of his ratification proclamation that they had passed it (without recorded votes); West Virginia had purportedly approved it at the end of January 1913, but its notification had not yet been received (remember that West Virginia had violated its own constitution, as noted above).



Bill Benson discovered that both the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were not properly ratified and therefore are laws that don't exist. For Bill's efforts, his life was made hell. Bill was railroaded into prison.

On April 11, 2002, the State of Alabama decided out of the clear blue to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment - 89 years after the alleged ratification. Back in 1913, not all states were in session; some were out of session four years at a time. Others took no action on the amendment - Georgia specifically based on an investigation ordered by their governor at the time that the Seventeenth Amendment was not legally adopted by Congress before it was even sent to the states.

On July 1, 2010, 97 years after the alleged ratification of that amendment, the State of Delaware ratified it.

On April 1, 2012, 99 years after the alleged ratification, the State of Maryland voted to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment. How interesting that nearly 100 years after the alleged ratification of the Sevententh Amendment and after people like me have been pounding on this issue for close to two decades, three states just up and decided to vote on an old constitutional amendment.


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This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has created a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of Life - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of Life are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a “hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world central banking system, mass media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through mass media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

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