A very strange theory, called Luigi's Conjecture,
states that if
you say the opposite of what is
to someone they often get
The Articles of
Confederation and Perpetual Union was created in 1777 soon after the
Declaration of Independence and existed as the only constitution until 1788.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was an agreement among the 13
founding states that established the United States of America as a
confederation of sovereign states.
On February 21, 1787, the Congress of
the Confederation delivered a resolution authorizing a Philadelphia
constitutional convention but with an important
limitation: "for the sole and express
purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation and reporting to Congress and
the several legislatures."
Prior to the Philadelphia constitutional
convention, Founding Fathers wrote and distributed approximately 85 "Federalist
Papers" to extol the virtues of an entirely new, second constitution for the
people of America. By doing this, they hoped to reverse the prevailing negative
public opinion and increase the public's confidence in such a plan. To help
them, Founding Fathers hid behind a pseudonym when writing their Federalist
Papers; each was signed as "Publius," meaning "friend of the people" (or
Many of the dissenting voices among the free inhabitants of
the several states regarded the upcoming Philadelphia constitutional convention
as potentially illegal. They well-understood from the Federalist Papers the
Federalists goal of creating a new constitution and not simply revising the
existing one. In the minds of the free inhabitants, the accomplishment of
Federalist goals could unravel the freedoms and liberties they had gained under
the Articles of Confederation and won by the American Revolution.
Philadelphia constitutional convention, held from May into September 1787,
exceeded the authority given it. Instead of revising the Articles of
Confederation they created an entirely new constitution.
Constitution of the United States, signed September 17, 1787, was deemed
ratified June 21, 1788 by only nine states instead of the unanimous
ratification of all 13 states required by the Articles of Confederation.
Thereafter, a new, centralized U.S. Government was formed, disregarding the
original, decentralized American jurisdiction of state legislatures established
soon after the American Revolution.
In June of 1788 at the Virginia
Conference, orator and Anti-Federalist, Patrick Henry, exposed the political
tactics of propaganda he believed the Federalists had used to win over the
public. The Framers had pandered to the people in order to get their way, he
said, by convincing the people, that under a new constitution, democracy would
mean the government belonged to them.
" Who authorized them to speak
the language, 'We, the people', instead of 'We, the states?' . . . That they
exceed their powers is perfectly clear . . . The Federal Convention ought to
have amended the old system; for this purpose they were solely delegated; the
object of their mission extended to no other consideration." - Patrick Henry,
June 4, 1788
The Constitution of 1787 and the U.S. government it formed
was an illegitimate (unauthorized) takeover of the original American
jurisdiction. The new Constitution provided for a much stronger national
government with a chief executive (the president), courts, and taxing powers.
The Articles of Confederation have never been been lawfully repealed.
Americans, no longer suffering as indentured-servant subjects of the
British monarchy, now suffer as indentured-servant subjects of a the United
States Incorporated beholden to an obscured corporate-banking cartel.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union still stand.
The Constitution was a Federalist counterrevolution turning States into
The 16th Amendment
According to Bill Benson's evidence the 16th
amendment was not legally ratified.
According to Bill Benson's evidence
Philander Chase Knox, the Secretary of State, committed fraud when he declared
the 16th amendment ratified in February 1913 shortly before leaving
Philander Chase Knox served as: a director of the Fifth National
Bank of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh National Bank of Commerce; counsel for
the Carnegie Steel Company taking a prominent part in organizing the United
States Steel Corporation in 1901; served as Attorney General in the cabinets of
William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt and served as Pennsylvania
What follows is a summary of some of the major findings for many
of the states, showing that their ratifications were not legal and should not
have been counted.
The 16th amendment had been sent out in 1909 to the
state governors for ratification by the state legislatures after having been
passed by Congress. There were 48 states at that time, and three-fourths, or
36, of them were required to give their approval in order for it to be
The process took almost the whole term of the Taft
administration, from 1909 to 1913.
Philander Chase Knox had received
responses from 42 states when he declared the 16th amendment ratified on
February 25, 1913, just a few days before leaving office to make way for the
administration of Woodrow Wilson. Philander Chase Knox acknowledged that four
of those states (Utah, Conn, R.I. and N.H.) had rejected it, and he counted 38
states as having approved it.
Bill Benson's evidence:
Kentucky, the legislature acted on the amendment without even having received
it from the governor (the governor of each state was to transmit the proposed
amendment to the state legislature). The version of the amendment that the
Kentucky legislature made up and acted upon omitted the words "on income" from
In Oklahoma, the legislature changed the wording of the
amendment and this was the version they sent back. A memo from Philander Chase
Knox's chief legal counsel, Reuben Clark, declared states were not allowed to
change the amendment in any way.
If any state could be shown to have
violated its own state constitution or laws in its approval process, then that
state's approval would have to be thrown out.
The state constitution
of Tennessee prohibited the state legislature from acting on any proposed
amendment to the United States Constitution sent by Congress until after the
next election of state legislators. The intent, of course, is to give the
proposed amendment a chance to become an issue in the state legislative
elections so that the people can have a voice in determining the outcome. It
also provides a cooling off period to reduce the tendency to approve an idea
just because it happens to be the moment's trend.
In voting on the
amendment the Tennessee legislature acted illegally by voting before they were
legally authorized to do so. The Tennessee legislature also violated their own
state constitution by failing to read the resolution on three different days as
prescribed by Article II, Section 18. These state constitutional violations
make their approval of the amendment null and void.
Louisiana violated provisions in their state constitutions prohibiting the
legislatures from empowering the federal government with any additional taxing
Twelve other states, besides Tennessee, violated provisions
in their constitutions requiring that a bill be read on three different days
before voting on it. This is not a trivial requirement. It allows for a cooling
off period; it enables members who may be absent one day to be present on
another; it allows for a better familiarity with, and understanding of, the
measure under consideration,
since some members may not always read a bill or resolution before voting on
States violating this procedure were: Mississippi, Ohio, Arkansas,
Minnesota, New Mexico, West Virginia, Indiana, Nevada, North Carolina, North
Dakota, Colorado, and Illinois.
When state results were returned to
Philander Chase Knox it was required that the documents, including the
resolution that was actually approved, be properly certified, signed, and
sealed by the appropriate official(s). This is no more than any ordinary
citizen has to do in filing any legal document, so that it's authenticity is
A number of states did not do this, returning uncertified,
unsigned, and/or unsealed copies, and did not rectify their negligence even
after being reminded and warned by Philander Chase Knox.
egregious offenders were Ohio, California, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Minnesota
- which did not send any copy at all.
Several states constitutions
limited the taxing authority of their legislatures, which could not give to the
federal government authority they did not have.
Pennsylvania ignored the proposed amendment.
Florida rejected the
Vermont and Massachusetts had rejected the amendment much
earlier by recorded votes, but, strangely, submitted to the Secretary within a
few days of his ratification proclamation that they had passed it (without
recorded votes); West Virginia had purportedly approved it at the end of
January 1913, but its notification had not yet been received (remember that
West Virginia had violated its own constitution, as noted above).
Bill Benson discovered that both the Sixteenth and
Seventeenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were not properly ratified and
therefore are laws that don't exist. For Bill's efforts, his life was made
hell. Bill was railroaded into prison.
On April 11, 2002, the State of
Alabama decided out of the clear blue to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment - 89
years after the alleged ratification. Back in 1913, not all states were in
session; some were out of session four years at a time. Others took no action
on the amendment - Georgia specifically based on an investigation ordered by
their governor at the time that the Seventeenth Amendment was not legally
adopted by Congress before it was even sent to the states.
On July 1,
2010, 97 years after the alleged ratification of that amendment, the State of
Delaware ratified it.
On April 1, 2012, 99 years after the alleged
ratification, the State of Maryland voted to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment.
How interesting that nearly 100 years after the alleged ratification of the
Sevententh Amendment and after people like me have been pounding on this issue
for close to two decades, three states just up and decided to vote on an old
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This website defines a new
perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
created a populace unable to discern
propaganda from reality
and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel
through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the
human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate
religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious
ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The
Truth of the Way of Life - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason
which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no
church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to
develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit
of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that
has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of Life are
spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against
individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a
This web site in no way condones violence. To the
contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring
due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race.
The international corporate cartel already controls the world central banking
system, mass media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment
complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of
self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization
is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point of a
American social mores and values have declined precipitously over
the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more
power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through mass media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed
into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The
results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social
structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a
perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the
direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward
solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates
their power and which further their purposes.
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and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent,
reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information
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