THE REASONING POWER OF CROWDS
Gustave Le Bon, The Crowd: A
Study of the Popular Mind
"The mob rushes in where individuals fear to
tread." - BF Skinner
It cannot absolutely be said that crowds
do not reason and are not to be influenced by reasoning.
However, the arguments they employ and those which are
capable of influencing them are, from a logical point of view, of such an
inferior kind that it is only by way of
analogy that they can be described as reasoning.
reasoning of crowds is based, just as is reasoning of a high order, on the
association of ideas, but between the ideas associated by crowds there are
only apparent bonds of analogy or
The mode of
reasoning of crowds resembles that of the
Esquimaux who, knowing from experience that ice, a transparent body, melts in
the mouth, concludes that glass, also a transparent body, should also melt in
the mouth; or that of the savage who imagines that by eating the heart of a
courageous foe he acquires his bravery; or of the workman who, having been
exploited by one employer of labour, immediately concludes that all employers
exploit their men.
The characteristics of the reasoning of
crowds are the association of dissimilar things
possessing a merely apparent connection between each other, and the immediate
generalisation of particular cases.
It is arguments of this kind that
are always presented to crowds by those who know how to manage them.
They are the only arguments by which crowds are to be influenced.
A chain of logical argumentation is totally incomprehensible to crowds,
and for this reason it is permissible to say that they do not reason or that
they reason falsely and are not to be influenced by reasoning.
Astonishment is felt at times on reading certain speeches at their
weakness, and yet they had an enormous influence on the crowds which listened
to them, but it is forgotten that they were intended to persuade collectivities
and not to be read by philosophers.
An orator in intimate communication with a
crowd can evoke images by which it will be seduced.
If he is
successful his object has been attained, and twenty volumes of harangues --
always the outcome of reflection -- are not worth the few phrases which
appealed to the brains it was required to convince.
It would be
superfluous to add that the powerlessness of crowds to reason aright prevents
them displaying any trace of the critical spirit, prevents them, that is, from
being capable of discerning truth from error, or of forming a precise judgement
on any matter.
Judgments accepted by crowds are merely judgements
forced upon them and never judgements adopted after discussion.
regard to this matter the individuals who do not rise above the level of
a crowd are numerous.
The ease with
which certain opinions obtain general acceptance results more especially from
the impossibility experienced by the majority of men of forming an opinion
peculiar to themselves and based on reasoning of their own.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational religion based on reason which
requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church
buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a
personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the
knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has
enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the
Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the
author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in
America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site in no way condones
violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is
already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control
the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world
economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military
entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the
elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems.
Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point
of a gun.
American social mores and values have declined precipitously
over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and
more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been
preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the
destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a perfect
world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the
bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
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site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
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redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
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