A very strange theory called Luigi's Conjecture

A very strange theory, called Luigi's Conjecture,
states that if you say the opposite of what is true
to someone they often get confused.

16th Amendment



Bill Benson discovers that both the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments to the US Constitution have not been properly ratified and, therefore, do not exist.

Philander Chase Knox, the Secretary of State, committed fraud when he declared the 16th amendment ratified in February 1913 shortly before leaving office.

Philander Chase Knox served as: a director of the Fifth National Bank of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh National Bank of Commerce; counsel for the Carnegie Steel taking a prominent part in organizing the United States Steel Corporation in 1901; served as Attorney General in the cabinets of William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt and served as Pennsylvania Senator.


16th amendment is sent out to state governors for ratification by the state legislatures after having been passed by Congress.

There are 48 states at that time, and three-fourths, or 36, of are required to give their approval for the amendment to be ratified.

February 25, 1913

Philander Chase Knox declares the 16th amendment ratified after recieving responses from 42 states.

Philander Chase Knox acknowledges that four of those states (Utah, Conn, R.I. and N.H.) had rejected it, and he counted 38 states as having approved it.

Chief legal counsel, Reuben Clark, declares states are not allowed to change the amendment in any way.

In Kentucky, the legislature acted on the amendment without having received it from the governor (the governor of each state was to transmit the proposed amendment to the state legislature).

The version of the amendment that the Kentucky legislature makes up and acts upon omitted the words "on income" from the text.

In Oklahoma, the legislature changes the wording of the amendment and this is the version they sent back.

The state constitution of Tennessee prohibites the state legislature from acting on any proposed amendment to the United States Constitution until after the next election of state legislators to give the proposed amendment a chance to become an issue in the state legislative elections.

Tennessee legislature acted illegally by voting before they were legally authorized to do so.

Thirteen states, including Tennessee, failed to read the resolution on three different days as prescribed by Article II, Section 18. This provision is a requirement as it: allows for a cooling off period; enables members who may be absent one day to be present on another; allows for a better familiarity with, and understanding of, the measure under consideration as some members may not read the resolution before voting on it.

States violating this procedure were: Mississippi, Ohio, Arkansas, Minnesota, New Mexico, West Virginia, Indiana, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Colorado, and Illinois.

Texas and Louisiana violated provisions in their state constitutions prohibiting the legislatures from empowering the federal government with any additional taxing authority.

Several state constitutions limited the taxing authority of their legislatures, which could not give to the federal government authority they did not have.

These state constitutional violations make their approval of the amendment null and void.

For verification purposes all public documents must be properly certified, signed, and sealed by the appropriate official(s) as was the case for all documents to be legally binding at that time.

Ohio, California, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Minnesota never submitted any documentation.

Virginia and Pennsylvania ignored the proposed amendment.

Florida rejected the amendment.

Vermont and Massachusetts had rejected the amendment by recorded votes but claimed it had passed. West Virginia claimed it had approved it but never filed legal notification of passage.


April 11, 2002 State of Alabama decides to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment - 89 years after the alleged ratification.

Sweet Home Alabama

July 1, 2010 97 years after the alleged ratification of the amendment, the State of Delaware ratifies it.

April 1, 2012 99 years after the alleged ratification, the State of Maryland votes to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment.

drift away

"I had nothing to offer anybody except my own confusion."

Jack Kerouac

unique library index

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This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a “hate crime."

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American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through mass media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

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