A very strange theory, called Luigi's Conjecture,
that if you say the opposite of what
to someone they often get
Bill Benson discovers that both the Sixteenth and Seventeenth
Amendments to the US Constitution have not been properly ratified and,
therefore, do not exist.
Philander Chase Knox, the Secretary of State,
committed fraud when he declared the 16th amendment ratified in February 1913
shortly before leaving office.
Philander Chase Knox served as: a director of
the Fifth National Bank of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh
National Bank of
Commerce; counsel for the
Steel taking a prominent part in organizing the United States Steel
Corporation in 1901; served as Attorney General in the cabinets of William
McKinley and Theodore
Roosevelt and served as Pennsylvania Senator.
16th amendment is sent out to state governors for
ratification by the state legislatures after having been passed by Congress.
There are 48 states at that time, and three-fourths, or 36, of are
required to give their approval for the amendment to be ratified.
February 25, 1913
Philander Chase Knox declares the
16th amendment ratified after recieving responses from 42 states.
Philander Chase Knox acknowledges that four of those states (Utah,
Conn, R.I. and N.H.) had rejected it, and he counted 38 states as having
Chief legal counsel, Reuben Clark, declares states are not
allowed to change the amendment in any way.
In Kentucky, the legislature
acted on the amendment without having received it from the governor (the
governor of each state was to transmit the proposed amendment to the state
The version of the amendment that the Kentucky
legislature makes up and acts upon omitted the words "on income" from the
In Oklahoma, the legislature changes the wording of the amendment
and this is the version they sent back.
The state constitution of
Tennessee prohibites the state legislature from acting on any proposed
amendment to the United States Constitution until after the next election of
state legislators to give the proposed amendment a chance to become an issue in
the state legislative elections.
Tennessee legislature acted illegally
by voting before they were legally authorized to do so.
states, including Tennessee, failed to read the
resolution on three different
days as prescribed by Article II, Section 18. This provision is a requirement
as it: allows for a cooling off period; enables members who may be absent one
day to be present on another; allows for a better familiarity with, and
understanding of, the measure
under consideration as some members may not read the
resolution before voting on it.
States violating this procedure were: Mississippi, Ohio, Arkansas,
Minnesota, New Mexico, West Virginia, Indiana, Nevada, North Carolina, North
Dakota, Colorado, and Illinois.
Texas and Louisiana violated provisions
in their state constitutions prohibiting the legislatures from empowering the
federal government with any additional
constitutions limited the taxing
authority of their legislatures, which could not give to the
authority they did not have.
These state constitutional violations
make their approval of the amendment null and void.
purposes all public documents must be properly certified, signed, and sealed by
the appropriate official(s) as was the case for all documents to be legally
binding at that time.
Ohio, California, Arkansas, Mississippi, and
Minnesota never submitted any documentation.
Virginia and Pennsylvania
ignored the proposed amendment.
Florida rejected the
Vermont and Massachusetts had rejected the amendment by
recorded votes but claimed it had passed. West Virginia claimed it had approved
it but never filed legal notification of passage.
April 11, 2002 State of
Alabama decides to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment - 89 years after the
July 1, 2010 97 years after the
alleged ratification of the amendment, the State of Delaware ratifies it.
April 1, 2012 99 years after the alleged
ratification, the State of Maryland votes to ratify the Seventeenth
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a new
perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a hate crime."
site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce
the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate
cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel
already controls the world central banking system, mass media worldwide, the
global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the
collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction
of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does
not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values have
declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through mass media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and
coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the United States
Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on
this site is distributed without profit to those who
have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for
research and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved