A very strange
theory, called Luigi's
states that if you say the
opposite of what is true
someone they often get confused.
Bill Benson discovers that both the Sixteenth and Seventeenth
Amendments to the US Constitution have not been properly ratified and,
therefore, do not exist.
Philander Chase Knox, the Secretary of State,
committed fraud when he declared the 16th amendment ratified in February 1913
shortly before leaving office.
Philander Chase Knox served as: a director of
the Fifth National Bank of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh
National Bank of
Commerce; counsel for the
Steel taking a prominent part in organizing the United States Steel
Corporation in 1901; served as Attorney General in the cabinets of William
McKinley and Theodore
Roosevelt and served as Pennsylvania Senator.
16th amendment is sent out to state governors for
ratification by the state legislatures after having been passed by Congress.
There are 48 states at that time, and three-fourths, or 36, of are
required to give their approval for the amendment to be ratified.
February 25, 1913
Philander Chase Knox declares the
16th amendment ratified after recieving responses from 42 states.
Philander Chase Knox acknowledges that four of those states (Utah,
Conn, R.I. and N.H.) had rejected it, and he counted 38 states as having
Chief legal counsel, Reuben Clark, declares states are not
allowed to change the amendment in any way.
In Kentucky, the legislature
acted on the amendment without having received it from the governor (the
governor of each state was to transmit the proposed amendment to the state
The version of the amendment that the Kentucky
legislature makes up and acts upon omitted the words "on income" from the
In Oklahoma, the legislature changes the wording of the amendment
and this is the version they sent back.
The state constitution of
Tennessee prohibites the state legislature from acting on any proposed
amendment to the United States Constitution until after the next election of
state legislators to give the proposed amendment a chance to become an issue in
the state legislative elections.
Tennessee legislature acted illegally
by voting before they were legally authorized to do so.
states, including Tennessee, failed to read the
resolution on three different
days as prescribed by Article II, Section 18. This provision is a requirement
as it: allows for a cooling off period; enables members who may be absent one
day to be present on another; allows for a better familiarity with, and
understanding of, the measure
under consideration as some members may not read the
resolution before voting on it.
States violating this procedure were: Mississippi, Ohio, Arkansas,
Minnesota, New Mexico, West Virginia, Indiana, Nevada, North Carolina, North
Dakota, Colorado, and Illinois.
Texas and Louisiana violated provisions
in their state constitutions prohibiting the legislatures from empowering the
federal government with any additional
constitutions limited the taxing
authority of their legislatures, which could not give to the
authority they did not have.
These state constitutional violations
make their approval of the amendment null and void.
purposes all public documents must be properly certified, signed, and sealed by
the appropriate official(s) as was the case for all documents to be legally
binding at that time.
Ohio, California, Arkansas, Mississippi, and
Minnesota never submitted any documentation.
Virginia and Pennsylvania
ignored the proposed amendment.
Florida rejected the
Vermont and Massachusetts had rejected the amendment by
recorded votes but claimed it had passed. West Virginia claimed it had approved
it but never filed legal notification of passage.
April 11, 2002 State of
Alabama decides to ratify the Seventeenth Amendment - 89 years after the
July 1, 2010 97 years after the
alleged ratification of the amendment, the State of Delaware ratifies it.
April 1, 2012 99 years after the alleged
ratification, the State of Maryland votes to ratify the Seventeenth
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This website defines a new
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author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
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the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate
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through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the
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