original body of the Constitution of
the US of America individuals were given all
rights, for a limited time, to their creations.
originally held an intial copyright period of 28 years from the date
publication; a copyright could be renewed for another 28 years for a total of
The 1976 Copyright Act changed existing copyright. After January 1, 1978, the
copyright period was changed to life of the author plus fifty years after the
In June 26, 1992, the 1976 Copyright Act was amended to
extend all copyrights still in existence to a term of 75 years.
works created after January 1, 1978, the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension
Act, signed into law on October 27, 1998, amends the copyright
protection term to endure for the
life of the author plus an additional 70 years. For anonymous and pseudonymous
works and works made for hire, the term will be 95 years from the year of first
publication or 120 years from the year of creation. For pre-1978 works still in
their original or renewal term of
copyright, the total term is extended to 95 years.
"It was under Eisner's watch that
Disney was the driving force behind the
Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. Much of
Disney success was due to its widespread
use of stories and concepts from the
public domain." - by Mike
Copyright periods have been more than doubled recently.
This benefits corporate elite in three ways:
elite retain a revenue stream;
second, information known only by
corporate elite is retained by the corporate elite;
broad health knowledge,
statistical trend knowledge,
knowledge, ecological and environmental
knowledge and other general
knowledge that concerns every individual citizen is not available to the
general public because it lies deeply buried in a mass of separately packaged and largely
insignificant knowledge that must be purchased
separately, the accumulative cost of which is exhorbinant to the individual but
not to the corporate elite interests.
Television has replaced
traditional tales as well as family stories and community stories. The
old-fashioned storyteller, someone who can spin a good yarn, is a rarity these
days; rare too are the types of venues and occasions where her stories might be
heard. Instead, through our consumption of
movies, we pay remote specialists to
produce our stories for us.
Significantly, the producers of these
stories now own them, an unprecedented development. For most of human
history, no one imagined that you could own a story. Stories were simply not
conceivable objects of property, but constituted in each culture a vast
corporations such as Disney
mine that commonwealth, wall
off parts of it for themselves, and convert
it into money.
Recently there was a court
case between Exxon and
Kellogg over the cartoon tigers used to market their brands: the
Exxon gas tiger and
Tony the Tiger.
two look quite similar (and similar as well to
"Tigger" of Winnie the Pooh fame,
and to "Hobbes" from the comic strip Calvin & Hobbes).
One of these
two corporations claimed that the other infringed on its trademark rights, in
effect asserting property rights over a certain rendering of an animalthe
tigerthat has very deep cultural resonance.
Tigers may be part of
nature, but the idea and image of a tiger, with all its associations of
strength, power, and beauty, is a kind of cultural capital.
are really only a limited number of ways to draw a tiger and have it still look
like a tiger and carry these associations, the litigants were in effect
asserting private ownership over an item of cultural capital that was once
"I'm lovin' it" is the property of the
has the exclusive right to a certain use of that phrase).
drop count" is the property of Coca-cola.
"Ideas for life" is the
property of Panasonic.
"Always" is the property of
"Making life better" is the
property of Penn State.
You can still use these words for most
purposes, but not as a slogan for your organization. Penn State has taken them.
Nike has taken "Just do it."
Donald John Trump has taken
These are but a few of the tens of thousands of common
phrases that have been expropriated from the public language.
owns a certain shade of red, UPS a certain shade of brown.
parts of the electromagnetic
spectrum. Did these companies create these colors, or just enclose them,
wall them off and call them theirs?
In 2001 a Michigan jewelry merchant
using "Love your neighbor" sued a Florida charity named "Love thy neighbor" for
trademark infringement, claiming that the similar name confused customers and
resulted in lost profits" -
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
created a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of Life - a rational religion based on reason which requires no leap of
faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in
which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation
with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality
in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human
spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of Life are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not
occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values have
declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
corrupt international elites vision of a perfect
world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the
bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web
site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally
presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the
facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected,
redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
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such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
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accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to
those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information
for research and educational purposes. For more information see:
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material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
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