Chinese charater for symbol


Chinese charater for the natural order




language evolves

lost in translation


linguistic relativity hypothesis



theoretical linguistics

Rainbow Spiral Dynamics©

"Rhetoric can create its own reality."
- Rajan Menon

"A word calls up echoes,
feelings intertwined with thoughts,
reasons mingled with irrationality,
motives that lead nowhere,
and uncoordinated urges."
- Jacques Ellul

"Words have power.
The wrong words can have devastating results."
- Eric H. Potruch

"People regard the dictionary as this sacred book in which they have 100% faith.
They don't even think of a human agency behind it."
- Michael Agnes, editor-in-chief of Webster's New World College Dictionary


"Words defined in terms of other words in a system of abstract representation maroon us in a factitious, anthropized, domesticated, and finite world, and render us susceptible to the illusion that we can manipulate and control reality in the same way we can manipulate and control its symbolic representation." - Charles Eisenstein

"It is only because the word is mobile, because it flies from one thing to another, that the intellect was sure to take it, sooner or later, on the wing, while it was not settled on anything, and apply it to an object which is not a thing and which, concealed till then, awaited the coming of the word to pass from darkness to light." - Henri Bergson

Ngram Viewer

Word is defined as:



A promise

A brief statement

A term; a vocable

The divine Word of God.

Verbal contention; dispute.

A constituent part of a sentence.

Talk; discourse; speech; language.

Signal; order; command; direction.

An exchange of views on some topic.

The text of a vocal composition; lyrics.

An assurance or promise; sworn intention.

The spoken sign of a conception or an idea.

A verbal signal; a password or watchword.

The sacred writings of the Christian religion.

Hostile or angry remarks made back and forth.

Something said; an utterance, remark, or comment.

New information about specific and timely events.

A unit of language that native speakers can identify.

To use words, as in discussion; to argue; to dispute.

A single component part of human speech or language.

Account; tidings; message; communication; information.

A set of bits constituting the smallest unit of addressable memory.

A brief remark or observation; an expression; a phrase, clause, or short sentence.

The written or printed character, or combination of characters; symbolic expression of an object or concept.

Language considered as implying the faith or authority of the individual who utters it; statement; affirmation; declaration; promise.

An articulate or vocal sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal sounds, uttered by the human voice, and by custom expressing an idea or ideas.

Used euphemistically in combination with the initial letter of a term that is considered offensive or taboo or that one does not want to utter.

A sound or a combination of sounds, or its representation in writing or printing, that symbolizes and communicates a meaning and may consist of a single morpheme or of a combination of morphemes.

A fundamental unit of storage in a computer. The size of a word in a particular computer architecture is one of its chief distinguishing characteristics. The size of a word is usually the same as the width of the computer's data bus so it is possible to read or write a word in a single operation. An instruction is usually one or more words long and a word can be used to hold a whole number of characters. These days, this nearly always means a whole number of bytes (eight bits), most often 32 or 64 bits. In the past when six bit character sets were used, a word might be a multiple of six bits, e.g. 24 bits (four characters) in the ICL 1900 series.

"Creativity is a matter of illusion. We take raw materials (ink, paper, memory, perspective) and fashion something that, no matter how faithful to our experience, is a contrivance, an invention, an elaborate shadow play. That's the miracle - that we can believe it at all, that these tools, imperfect as they are, can stir us into trusting something that is, on the most basic level, not actually there." - David L. Ulin

"Words realize nothing, verify nothing to you, unless you have suffered in your own person the thing which the words try to describe. A powerful agent is the right word: it lights the reader's way and makes it plain; a close approximation to it will answer, and much traveling is done in a well-enough fashion by its help, but we do not welcome it and applaud it and rejoice in it as we do when the right one blazes out on us. Whenever we come upon one of those intensely right words in a book or a newspaper the resulting effect is physical as well as spiritual, and electrically prompt: it tingles exquisitely around through the walls of the mouth and tastes as tart and crisp and good as the autumn-butter that creams the sumac-berry." -Mark Twain

Words are symbols for concepts.

Concepts catagorize experience.

Experience provides knowledge.

Knowledge is expressed in words that are symbols of concepts.

word cast spells use them wisely

"What labels me, negates me."
Søren Kierkegaard

AND YET "labels" are necessary for identification of characteristics ..........

semiotics: the nature of linguistic symbols

The referent, or "real object," being represented by a linguistic symbol exists only in a conceptual structure held by the mind of the individual envisioning the referent.

Referents that have physical mirrors in reality are completely different animals than referents that are found only in the imaginative conceptual structures of human minds and thus those referents have often been taken to be meaningless.

But what if parallel imaginative conceptual structures also exist in other minds? The truth is they do.

These referents exist in every mind. Look closely and the parallels become apparent as they are a reflection of the exterior world seen through the lens of uniquely disparate human eyes . Complex codes of internally replayed behavior are acted out in a manner similar to that in which scripts are run in a browser window.

These parallel imaginative conceptual structures were named by Carl Jung as "ground" ideas or archetypical concepts shared universally by human beings.

As people move through the stages of life, and although they all have unique experiences, common conceptual structure surface with regularity.

These common conceptual structures, archetypes, include epiphanies brought forth through living experiences that propagate altered states of consciousness uniquely distinct and divergent from all previous states encountered.

It is here that we meet mystery !

Evidence Rebuts Chomsky's
Theory of Language Learning

In world's languages, scientists discover
shared links between sound and meaning

"Words, particularly nouns, force an infinity of unique objects and processes into a finite number of categories. Words deny the uniqueness of each moment and each experience, reducing it to a "this" or a "that". They grant us the power to manipulate and control (with logic) the things they refer to, but at the price of immediacy. Something is lost, the essence of a thing. By generalizing particulars into categories, words render invisible the differences among them. By labeling both A and B a tree, and conditioning ourselves to that label, we become blind to the differences between A and B. The label affects our perception of reality and the way we interact with it." - Charles Eisenstein

"Speech is civilization itself. The word, even the most contradictory word, preserves contact - it is silence which isolates." - Thomas Mann

lost in translation

1. to turn from one language into another.
2. to change the form, condition, nature, etc., of; transform; convert.
3. to explain in terms that can be more easily understood; interpret.

"Words by nature of their abstraction are inexact, a degree removed from the particular objects, processes, and feelings to which they refer, leaving us therefore to infer what the other person really meant, and opening the way for misunderstanding. " - Charles Eisenstein

Translation from one language to another is the action of interpretation of the meaning of a text, and subsequent production of an equivalent text that attempts to communicate the same message as the original language.

Translation must take into account constraints that include context, the rules of grammar of the two languages, writing conventions, idioms and slang. Many times idioms and slang, especially that used by social sub-cultures such as hippies, goths, punks, preppies, hoods, gang-bangers, etcetera is misinterpreted. Technical terms may be misinterpreted as well if the translator is not versed in the technical jargon of the profession.

A common misconception is that there exists a simple word-for-word correspondence between any two languages, and that translation is a straightforward mechanical process. A word-for-word translation does not take into account context, grammar, conventions, idioms and slang.

Translators, in the course of their work, have shaped the very languages into which they have translated.

Translators have acted as bridges for conveying knowledge and ideas between cultures and civilizations.

Translators do not always accurately interpret the text.

Fidelity pertains to the extent to which a translation accurately renders the meaning of the source text, without adding to or subtracting from it, without intensifying or weakening any part of the meaning, and otherwise without distorting it.

Transparency pertains to the extent to which a translation appears to a native speaker of the target language to have originally been written in that language, and conforms to the language's grammatical, syntactic and idiomatic conventions.

Current Western academic translation practices claim to incorporate the concepts of "fidelity" and "transparency" foremost but translators do step beyond the bounds of translation proper into the realm of adaptation, with or without conscious effort.


"While we are generally only conscious of messages that are delivered linearly via some specific linguistic pattern, our nervous system also absorbs messages of associational or juxtapositional natures." - Edward Wilson & Wes Unruh

"In reality, man is a being who lives in society therefore a language is required which makes it possible to be always passing from what is known to what is yet to be known. There must be a language whose signs - which cannot be infinite in number - are extensible to an infinity of things. This tendency of the sign to transfer itself from one object to another is characteristic of human language." - Henri Bergson

Language is always in a state of flux.

The only way humans can communicate concepts
that have no temporality is through symbols.

Common usage of words shows the ability of adapting a word to a new concept.

If the word is commonly used in a way different from how it had previously
been used then the new concept becomes a definition of the word.

A reader or listener may not have the same conceptual image as the writer or speaker intended.

Corruption of conceptual images occurs in two vital links.

The first link is from the mind of the writer or speaker to the expression of the conceptual image. The writer or speaker can not perfectly reconstruct the conceptual image as he or she must symbolize the conceptual image by verbalization or by written symbology in words.

The second link is from the senses of the listener or reader, his or her eyes and ears, to his or her mind which must hear or see the word symbols and then attempt to reconstruct the conceptual image in his or her mind as originally conceived.

Two individuals communicating through words, written or spoken, that come from the same culture and social group will necessarily understand one another better than those that come from a different culture or social group.

Even within the same culture and social groups those with different experience sets such as age, place of birth, social classification, work experience and hobbies will necessarily experience corruption of the original conceptual image.

This corruption is inevitable.

Words definitions may be corrupted or interchanged
by some speakers or writers with the intent to deceive as in propaganda.

"The slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts.

Words like objective, categorical, effective, virtual, basic, primary, promote, constitute, exhibit, exploit, utilize, eliminate, liquidate, are used to dress up a simple statement and give an air of scientific impartiality to biased judgements.

Adjectives like epoch-making, epic, historic, unforgettable, triumphant, age-old, inevitable, inexorable, veritable, are used to dignify the sordid process of international politics.

Writing that aims at glorifying war usually takes on an archaic color, its characteristic words being: realm, throne, chariot, mailed fist, trident, sword, shield, buckler, banner, jackboot, clarion.

Foreign words and expressions such as cul de sac, ancien regime, deus ex machina, mutatis mutandis, status quo, gleichschaltung, weltanschauung, are used to give an air of culture and elegance.

Bad writers, and especially scientific, political, and sociological writers, are nearly always haunted by the notion that Latin or Greek words are grander than Saxon ones, and unnecessary words like expedite, ameliorate, predict, extraneous, deracinated, clandestine, subaqueous, and hundreds of others constantly gain ground from their Anglo-Saxon numbers.

Meaningless words abound.

It is normal to come across long passages which are almost completely lacking in meaning. The word fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies "something not desirable." The words democracy, socialism, freedom, patriotic, realistic, justice have each of them several different meanings which cannot be reconciled with one another. It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way. That is, the person who uses them has his own private definition, but allows his hearer to think he means something quite different. Statements like Marshal Pétain was a true patriot, The Soviet press is the freest on Earth, The Catholic Church is opposed to persecution, are almost always made with intent to deceive.

Other words used in variable meanings, in most cases more or less dishonestly, are: class, totalitarian, science, progressive, reactionary, bourgeois, equality.

Orthodoxy, of whatever color, seems to demand a lifeless, imitative style.

The great enemy of clear language is insincerity.

When there is a gap between one's real and one's declared aims, one turns as it were instinctively to long words and exhausted idioms, like a cuttlefish spurting out ink.

In our age there is no such thing as "keeping out of politics." All issues are political issues, and politics itself is a mass of lies, evasions, folly, hatred, and schizophrenia. One ought to recognize that the present political chaos is connected with the decay of language, and that one can probably bring about some improvement by starting at the verbal end.

Political language - and with variations this is true of all political parties, from Conservatives to Anarchists - is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. One cannot change this all in a moment, but one can at least change one's own habits, and from time to time one can even, if one jeers loudly enough, send some worn-out and useless phrase - some jackboot, Achilles' heel, hotbed, melting pot, acid test, veritable inferno, or other lump of verbal refuse - into the dustbin, where it belongs."

- George Orwell


"In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God."
- John 1:1

... be it known ...

The Sounding Light

the sounding light

the sounding light

the sounding light

the sounding light

Rose Marie Raccioppi Poet Laureate
Orangetown, New York

The word "logos" in Greek has an extraordinary range of meanings.

Logos means much more than "word."

In the 300s BC, the time of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, logos described the faculty of human reason, the knowledge men possessed of the material world and an understanding of the way in which the substrate of the universe manifests itself in and as individual objects.

Logos develops a connotative sense of a deepened understanding of reality giving man the ability to recognize reality for what reality is and to understand the rational principle that governs all Creation.

The Henrew philosopher Philo of Alexandria saw logos as "wisdom personified," as God's creative principle, the principle of coherence undergirding the universe.

Logos, for Jesus, refers to divine logic/reason of God. This definition is Hellenized Judaism's adaptation of the classical Greek concept of logos as the will of God.

"Listening not to me
but to the logos
it is wise to agree
that all are one."

"In thee ears heareth,
the Word of the Lord,
in thee eyes envisioneth
the Spirit of the Father,
in thee heart toucheth
the Soul of God
and observe these
differ not one from the other;
and the union of these is Life."
- Hermes Trimegistus

"As the Sufi Junnaiyd of the madrasah said,
the Word of God came down to man as rain to soil,
and the result was mud, not clear water."
- Kim Stanley Robinson

"Such are the mysteries of the Word of God, which
have been unveiled and made manifest, that happly
thou mayest apprehend the morning light of divine guidance,
mayest quench, by the power of reliance and renunciation,
the lamp of idle fancy, of vain imaginings, of hesitation, and
doubt, and mayest kindle, in the inmost chamber of thine heart,
the new-born light of divine knowledge and certitude
." - Bahá'u'lláh

Original Language

In the beginning, there were no words as we know them today,
no representational sounds, only the cries of the human animal.

The Original Language is locked deep inside all of us,
ready to emerge whenever we shed the inhibitions of our social culture.

The vocalizations of passionate sexual abandon
are nothing other than the Original Language remembered.

These utterances do not have meaning in the way ordinary words do,
but they cannot be considered meaningless either;
they are vectors of a communication far more honest and intimate than any semantic exchange.

Any intensely emotional experience may also elicit utterances of the Original Language - spontaneous vocalizations of ecstasy, lamentation, glee, fear, rage, and so forth, as well as the cooing noises we make at infants.

Surviving exclamations create primal reverberations in the body and psyche - "Tada!" "Yahoo!" "Wow!" "Amen!" "Ahh" "Oooh" Yippee!" - words in which the sound is the meaning.

Sanskrit words and phrases often have an emotional resonance. Words like "Om," "Ah," "Ram" and others are considered not to denote or represent the divine, but to actually be aspects of the divine.

In Native American languages a mysterious identity between sound and meaning exists.
Names and nouns are an intrinsic and inseparable aspect of the being named:
To name a Being, or any aspect or function of Creation, actualizes that Reality.

Chinese culture has strong taboos against speaking aloud dark possibilities,
lest it bring them into Reality. Even in America, we still knock on wood."

- adapted from Charles Eisenstein

alphabet evolution

language evolves

"Our daily language, and, in most cases, our so-called scientific language together with its logic, originated mostly in a pre-scientific epoch and are largely elementalistic and absolutistic; which must hamper successful reasoning and solutions." - Alfred Korzybski

"Language has creative force.Words are not merely symbols that point to things; they call forth the reality and power of that being mentioned." - Joseph Epes Brown

Language evolves over time.

When words are spoken the individual hearing the words builds a conceptual image of the spoken symbols. When words are read the individual reading the words builds a conceptual image of those written symbols. As language evolves over time the meaning of a word, the symbol of a conceptual image, may and typically does vary from the conceptual image that was originally conveyed by that word. Many times a word gains richness and depth as it evolves. Other times a words meaning is entirely changed, the word symbol morphs, from what it originally meant to what it means today.

For example the word symbol liberal was originally defined as of, pertaining to, or befitting a freeman, esp. free by birth.

Liberal acts became those actions appropriate for an adult person of free birth - a lady or a gentleman - an action inappropriate for a serf, slave, peasant, landless mechanics (tailors, cobblers, carpenters, blacksmiths, etc.) or a child.

Over time a connotation developed with use of the word liberal.

A lady or a gentleman branded as a liberal acted licentious, lacked moral restraint and exercised his or her freedom to live excessively. (Liberated from moral constraint.)

When liberal was first used to describe a form of government a liberal government was defined as a representational form of government, democratic or republican, as opposed to monarchies.

In an monarchical system the laws coming down from on high are designed to propitiate or appease the landed aristocracy whereas in an ideal representative form of government the laws are designed by the people with the peoples overall welfare in mind - unlike America today. (Of course if the people do not have accurate information they will be unable to make balanced decisions.)

{Note: Monarchies have always enriched the "noble" land owning moneyed class as they have always been dependent upon them for physical (military) and financial (taxes) support.}

Today those who define themselves as liberal: favor progress and reform of social cultural institutions; favor or are in accord with the concept of maximizing individual freedom; favor freedom of action, esp. with respect to matters of personal belief or expression; claim to be free from prejudice and bigotry while being independently-minded, tolerant, unselfish and enlarged in spirit; claim not to be bound by established traditional orthodox authoritarian attitudes, conventional ideas, values, dogmas, etc. while being free of bigotry and claiming to be tolerant of the ideas and behavior of others.

A liberal individual may show a willingness to make "liberal" donations; more than sufficient; abundant; bountiful; ample; profuse amounts freely or abundantly given.

A liberal interpretation of a rule or law is not strict or rigorous while a liberal interpretation of the Bible is an interpretation that is not literal.

A liberal education was defined as an education based on the traditional arts and sciences that enlarge and discipline the mind making it the master of its own powers - unlike the educational system of today which is designed to create conforming automatons - irrespective of the particular business or profession one may follow whereas today a liberal education connotes liberation from moral constraint..

Although the definition of a liberal as being morally unrestrained or licentious is obsolete the opponents of liberalism have done everything in their power to revive this obsolete definition by branding liberals as morally unrestrained or licentious opponents of established moral systems. (Homosexuals are not necessarily liberal! The homosexual Log Cabin Republicans are Corporatists!)

Usage: Liberal, Generous. Liberal is freeborn, and generous is highborn. The former is opposed to the ordinary feelings of a servile state, and implies largeness of spirit in giving, judging, acting, etc. The latter expresses that nobleness of soul which in the past was peculiarly appropriate to those of high rank, - a spirit that goes out of self, and finds its enjoyment in consulting the feelings and happiness of others. Generosity is measured by the extent of the sacrifices it makes; liberality, by the warmth of feeling which it manifests.

"c. 1375; from old French, liberal "befitting free men, noble, generous;" from Latin, liberalis "noble, generous;" literally, "pertaining to a free man;" from liber "free;" from Proto-Indo-European base *leudheros; (Greek, eleutheros "free"), probably originally "belonging to the people" (though the precise semantic development is obscure), from *leudho- "people" (evolutions: Old Church Slavonic, ljudu; Lithuanian, liaudis; Old English, leod; German, Leute "nation, people"). Earliest reference in English is to the liberal arts (Latin, artes liberales), the seven attainments directed to intellectual enlargement, not immediate practical purpose, and thus deemed worthy of a free man (the word in this sense was opposed to servile or mechanical). Sense of "free in bestowing" is from 1387. With a meaning "free from restraint in speech or action" (1490) liberal was used in the 16th century through the 17 century as a term of reproach. It revived in a positive sense in the Enlightenment, with a meaning "free from prejudice, tolerant," which emerged 1776-88. Purely in reference to political opinion, "tending in favor of freedom and democracy" it dates from 1801, from the French libéral, originally applied in English by its opponents (often in French form and with suggestions of foreign lawlessness) to the party favorable to individual political freedoms. But also (especially in American politics) tending to mean "favorable to government action to effect social change," which seems at times to draw more from the religious sense of "free from prejudicial favor of traditional opinions and established institutions" (and thus open to new ideas and plans of reform), which dates from 1823." - Douglas Harper

"Language comes at the world from a different angle, more oblique but in its own way just as telling, if you read it right. The appearance of new phrases like "the liberal mindset" and "hidden agenda"; the shifting meanings of elite, liberal, government, or patriot; or even the fact that conservatives tend to say "you liberals" a lot more than liberals say "you conservatives"- all these things testify to the way political attitudes are embedded in the words that people use to express them." - Geoffrey Nunberg

"Conservative, n. A statesman who is enamored of existing evils, as distinguished from the Liberal, who wishes to replace them with others." - Ambrose Bierce, Devil's Dictionary

Archaically a conservative was a preservative agent or principle. A conservative human was concerned with preserving his or her social culture and traditional way of living by protecting it from ruin, injury, innovation, or radical change by avoiding excess. A conservative would want to preserve the land for future generations. Conservatives would, naturally, frown upon any behavior that fell outside of accepted and practiced social cultural norms.

Over time the word symbol conservative took on added connotations. A conservative now: is reluctant to accept change and new ideas; favors traditional views and values; is disposed to maintain existing institutions in their current forms (sources of personal income?); imagines himself or herself to be cautiously moderate by conforming to the perceived standards and conventions laid down by the media instead of being unimaginatively conventional by adhering to those arbitrary conventions and bogus standards.

As a modern political tradition, conservatism traces to Edmund Burke's opposition to the French Revolution (1790), but the word conservative is not found in his writing. The word conservative was coined by Edmund Burke's French disciples, (e.g. Chateaubriand, who titled his journal defending clerical and political restoration "Le Conservateur"). Conservative as the name of a British political faction first appeared in an 1830 issue of the "Quarterly Review," in an unsigned article sometimes attributed to John Wilson Croker. It replaced Tory (q.v.) by 1843, reflecting both a change from the pejorative name (in use for 150 years) and repudiation of some reactionary policies. Extended to similar spirits in other parties from 1845.

"c. 1380, from Old French, conserver; from Latin, conservare "to keep, preserve."- Douglas Harper

"Strictly speaking, conservatism is not a political system, but rather a way of looking at the civil order. The conservative of Peru ... will differ greatly from those of Australia, for though they may share a preference for things established, the institutions and customs which they desire to preserve are not identical." - Russell Kirk

The neo-conservatives of the George W Bush administration were radicals not conservatives.
Conservatives are interested in preservation of existing resources. The neo-conservatives (neo-liberals to much the rest of the world) were only interested in exploiting resources for short term gain. The neo-conservatives must have known that embarking upon the path of global hegemony was a dangerous and radical course of action which could result in injury or ruin to the American political system. The neo-conservatives were also not concerned with bringing about radical change by fostering excess' in the financial sectors through radical deregulation.


linguistic relativity hypothesis

weak linguistic relativity hypothesis

The weak linguistic relativity hypothesis claims that a social culture's language has a significant impact on how the members of the social culture perceive reality. For example, concepts or ideas that are prevalent in the social culture may be stated in concise ways (using one or a few words), whereas concepts or ideas that are foreign to the social culture are more difficult to express (requiring many words.) Similarly, separate words may exist to express distinctions considered important in that social culture, or distinctions concerning matters the social culture considers important, whereas the same word may serve to refer to what is in a different social culture considered several different concepts.

strong linguistic relativity hypothesis

The strong linguistic relativity hypothesis claims that a social culture's language can express concepts unique to that social culture that are impossible to express in the language of another social culture. This form of the hypothesis has few adherents. It is generally argued that while some concepts may be easier to express in some languages than others, any concept can be expressed by any language with a sufficiently large vocabulary (i.e. any language used as a first language by human beings, as opposed to e.g. trade jargons containing a very limited vocabulary), possibly in conjunction with suitable extralinguistic information. (e.g. the language of a social culture that does not know of cats may not have a word for cats, but one could still say in it something like "this type of animal here, even though we don't have a word for it (yet).") Indeed, when any social culture comes into significant contact with a different social culture, it invariably either borrows words from that social culture's language to express concepts alien to it, or creates new words with native origins to refer to the foreign concepts.



Hermeneutics may be described as the development and study of theories of the interpretation and understanding of texts.

In contemporary usage in religious studies, hermeneutics refers to the study of the interpretation of religious texts.

Hermeneutics is more broadly used in contemporary philosophy to denote the study of theories and methods of the interpretation of all texts and systems of meaning. The concept of "text" is here extended beyond written documents to any number of conceptual constructs subject to interpretation, such as experiences.

A hermeneutic is defined as a specific system or method for interpretation, or a specific theory of interpretation.

In essence hermeneutics involves cultivating the ability to understand things from somebody else's point of view, to put oneself in another's shoes, to empathize and to appreciate the cultural and social forces that may have influenced their outlook.

Hermeneutics is the process of applying this understanding to interpreting the meaning of written texts and symbolic artifacts (such as art or sculpture or architecture), which may be either historic or contemporary.

hermeneutic circle
Hermeneutic Circle

The Hermeneutic Circle describes the process of understanding a text hermeneutically.

The Hermeneutic Circle refers to the idea that one's understanding of the text as a whole is established by reference to the individual parts and one's understanding of each individual part by reference to the whole. Neither the whole text nor any individual part can be understood without reference to one another, and hence, it is a circle. However, this circular character of interpretation does not make it impossible to interpret a text; rather, it stresses that the meaning of a text must be found within its cultural, historical, and literary context.

A common use of the word hermeneutics refers to a process of scriptural interpretation.

Throughout religious history scholars and students of religious texts have sought to mine the wealth of their meanings by developing a variety of different systems of hermeneutics.

Philosophical hermeneutics in particular can be seen as a development of scriptural hermeneutics, providing a theoretical backing for various interpretive projects. Thus, philosophical and scriptural hermeneutics can be seen as mutually reinforcing practices.

Collapsing Hermeneutic Circle
Collapsing Hermeneutic Circle

Exegesis is synonymous with hermeneutics.

Hermeneutics in the Western world, as a general science of text interpretation, can be traced back to two sources.

One source was the ancient Greek rhetoricians' study of literature, which came to fruition in Alexandria.

The other source has been the Midrashic and Patristic traditions of Biblical exegesis, which were contemporary with Hellenistic culture. Scholars in antiquity expected a text to be coherent, consistent in grammar, style and outlook, and they amended obscure or "decadent" readings to comply with their codified rules. By extending the perception of inherent logic of texts, Greeks were able to attribute works with uncertain origin.

Holy Ghost

Exegesis (from the Greek - 'to lead out') involves an extensive and critical interpretation of an authoritative text, especially of a holy scripture, such as of the Old and New Testaments of the Bible, the Talmud, the Midrash, the Qur'an, etc. In Christianity "revealed" exegesis considers that the Holy Ghost inspired the authors of the scriptural texts, and so the words of those texts convey a divine revelation.

Exegesis also is used to describe the elucidation of philosophical and legal texts.

Hermeneutic passions are the desires to know another and be known by them - to create fellowship. By empathetically entering into a text - in a living interpretation of a text - the reader both appreciates the text as written and relates the text to his/her own personal experiences.

Unstable Hermeneutic Circle
Unstable Hermeneutic Circle

"Hermeneutical understanding can be described as follows: first of all we have to understand and be guided by understanding, while the understanding sphere is not limited to science. Other disciplines, which do not belong to science but are essential in comprehending, should also be involved. Distance is a domain of such “understanding”. In result objectivity can appear only when methods of investigations and measurements have been devised." - Marcin Furman, Akademia Pomorska, Slupsku

The Revolving Hermeneutic Sphere© and R. H. Sphere's Nine Children projects Hermeneutics into the Multiverse allowing one to understand multiple aspects of the individual Soul and of the Soul of the Creator and Sustainer throughout Space and Time.

You know how to count ?

Where, you ask, is the Ninth Child ?

The Ninth Child is lost and wandering !

But the Lost Child has been sighted and will shortly join the R. H. Sphere's Eight Children Octagon !

lost wandering child


"Sin and love and fear are just sounds that people who never sinned nor loved nor feared have for what they never had and cannot have until they forget the words."- William Faulkner

Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language. Intuitively identified philosophically as an essential underlying component psycholinguistics now makes use of biology, neuroscience, cognitive science, linguistics, and information theory to study how the brain processes language.

Psycholinguistics covers the cognitive processes that make it possible to generate an understandable message out of vocabulary and grammatical structures, as well as the processes that make it possible to understand utterances, words, text, etc. Developmental psycholinguistics studies children's ability to learn language.

Psycholinguistics, an interdisciplinary field, is studied by researchers from a variety of different backgrounds, such as psychology, cognitive science, linguistics, and speech and language pathology.

Psycholinguistics study many different topics, but these topics can generally be divided into answering the following questions: (1) how do children acquire language (language acquisition)?; (2) how do people process and comprehend language (language comprehension)?; (3) how do people produce language (language production)?; and (4) how do adults acquire a new language (second language acquisition)?

Subdivisions of psycholinguistics are based on the components of human language.

Psycholinguistics focuses on how the brain processes speech sounds and language patterns.


Phonology is the study of speech sounds and patterns.

Phonology has two children, Phonetics and Phonemics.

Phonetics, the study of speech sounds, has three children - Articulation, Auditory and Acoustic.

Articulation : the examination and analysis of way in which the different structures of the vocal tract, the articulators (tongue, lips, jaw, palate, teeth etc.) interact to create the specific speech sounds in human speech organs that create rhetoric.

Auditory : the examination and analysis of the acquisition and comprehension or the perception of phonetic sounds of words of a language through hearing.

Acoustic : the examination and analysis of the physical characteristics of speech sounds such as color, loudness, amplitude, frequency, aroma, emotion, the mean squared amplitude of the waveform, its duration, its fundamental frequency, its frequency spectrum, and the relationship of these properties to other branches of phonetics (e.g. articulatory or auditory phonetics), and to abstract linguistic concepts like phoneme , phrases, utterances, exclamations, hails and applause.

Phonemics classifies and analyzes interrelationship of parts of speech while deliberately inspecting the evolutionary environmental changes of the phonemes of a language - the way sounds are arranged in languages helps you hear what sounds are important in that language. The unit of analysis for phonemics is called phonemes. "A phoneme is a sound that functions to distinguish one word from another in a language." Examples: Tie Die, Bass Mass, Went Bent, But Nut Hut, Feel Eel Peel, Cool Pool Fool, Woulda Shoulda Coulda

Morphology is the identification, analysis and description of the structure of a given language's morphemes and other linguistic units, such as words, affixes, parts of speech, intonation/stress, or implied context (words in a lexicon are the subject matter of lexicology). Morphological typology represents a method for classifying languages according to the ways by which morphemes are used in a language -from the analytic that use only isolated morphemes, through the agglutinative ("stuck-together") and fusional languages that use bound morphemes (affixes), up to the polysynthetic, which compress lots of separate morphemes into single words. Or in other words the study of how a language evolves or morphs as it rides the Rainbow Spiral of Golden Time.

Syntax is the consideration of language patterns, speech structures and phrasal hierarchies which dictate how words are combined to form sentences. Syntax attempts to formally describe how structural relations between elements (lexical items/words and operators) in a sentence contribute to its interpretation. Using principles of formal logical analysis Syntacticians attempt to represent accurately the proper hierarchical relationship of elements which is crucial to the correct interpretation, equivalent to native speaker intuition, of a given language.

Where syntax is concerned with the formal structure of sentences, semantics deals with the actual meaning of words and sentences.

Semantics is the study of intension, that is, the intrinsic meanings of words and phrases. Much of the work in the field of philosophy of language is concerned with the relation between meanings and the world, and this concern cross-cuts formal semantics in several ways. For example, both philosophers of language and semanticists make use of propositional, predicate and modal logics to express their ideas about word meaning.

Pragmatics is concerned with the role of context in the interpretation of meaning.

A researcher interested in language comprehension may study word recognition during reading to examine the processes involved in the extraction of orthographic, morphological, phonological, and semantic information from patterns in printed text.

A researcher interested in language production might study how words are prepared to be spoken starting from the conceptual or semantic level.


transformational linguistics

"The only thing you need to do to break a negative hypnotic spell that has been cast on you is begin to think rationally, to begin to think critically. And if you decide that you choose this message as one that's good for you, by all means sit back, relax, and enjoy the ride. But, if you decide that this is not something you want to have in your life, just simply analyze it, criticise it, ridicule it, and say "Hey, that's not how the world works." And you'll have protected your mind from taking on board something which you really don't need." ----The Power of Conversational Hypnosis, Clifford Mee and Igor Ledochowski, re the section labeled "The Dark Side of Hypnosis."

Real "hypnosis" explained.

Most people are hypnotized and fall into trance every day of their lives in a common, every day occurrence, whether for a brief second, or minutes or longer. A very basic example is when you are driving a car while in deep thought, and you suddenly realize you are much further along with no memory of driving the whole distance. Another example, is when you are on an elevator watching the numbers change and go into trance, and when everyone else gets off, you take that as a nonverbal suggestion to get off, before you "wake up" and realize it is not your floor. This elevator example is an example of mass hypnosis, where the close rapport with the hypnotist is not necessary, because many people are both hypnotized partly by whatever is causing the trance, and partly by the fact that you are being "paced" or also hypnotized by everyone else in the elevator doing the exact same thing as you.

The reason you cry from reading a sad book or laugh at a clever allegory simply by reading ink on paper is because of the mind's interaction with that information, which is also a hypnotic process.

First, hypnosis, is "a particular altered state of hyper-suggestibility brought about in an individual by a combination of relaxation, fixation of attention, and suggestion."

Second, hypnosis is also "bypassing the 'critical factor' and setting up acceptable selective thinking." The "critical factor" is the conscious part of the brain that you think with that has the ability to make rational logical judgments about what information is received. The critical factor acts as a filter, determining what can pass into the subconscious mind which is a non-rational computer-like system which accepts everything in it as absolute truth. That is why sidelining it is so dangerous.

Milton Erickson maintained that trance is a common, everyday occurrence. For example, when waiting for buses and trains, reading or listening, or even being involved in strenuous physical exercise, it's quite normal to become immersed in the activity and go into a trance state, removed from any other irrelevant stimuli. These states are so common and familiar that most people do not consciously recognize them as hypnotic phenomena.

Milton Erickson, had a broader definition of the subconscious mind, described as, "both the functioning of the dominant hemisphere of the brain that occurs below the level of awareness, as well as the functioning of the non-dominant hemisphere."

Ericksonian trance induction has three dimensions to compare with language patterns.

1. Pacing and distraction of the dominant (language) hemisphere;

2. Utilization of the dominant hemisphere language processing which occurs below the level of awareness;

3. Accessing of the non-dominant hemisphere;

This three part process is extremely important. Essentially, hypnosis is an altered and common state of mind involving intense focus, sidelining or dissociation of the rational critical thinking, and the state of hyper-suggestibility brought about while the subconscious mind is the dominant player. It happens while reading, listening to music, and even while hearing a great speaker. We are talking about "transformational linguistics" - language that literally changes who you are at your deepest levels, your deepest passions, drives, and emotions while you are completely unaware.



Neurolinguistics is closely related to the field of psycholinguistics, which seeks to elucidate the cognitive mechanisms of language by employing the traditional techniques of experimental psychology; today, psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic theories often inform one another, and there is much collaboration between the two fields.

theoretical linguistics

Theoretical linguistics is the branch of linguistics that is most concerned with developing models of linguistic knowledge. The fields that are generally considered the core of theoretical linguistics are syntax, phonology, morphology, and semantics. Although phonetics often informs phonology, it is often excluded from the purview of theoretical linguistics, along with psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics. Theoretical linguistics also involves the search for an explanation of linguistic universals, that is, properties all languages have in common.

In general, theoretical linguists propose models to explain the structure of language and how language information is organized, psycholinguists propose models and algorithms to explain how language functions.

Rainbow Spiral Dynamics©

"The categorizations that are inherent in the grammar and lexicon
of our language form a preexisting set of categories of analysis
that we bring as a basic framework to everything we do."
- John M. Ellis, Language, Thought and Logic

"Consisting of symbols that are connected only arbitrarily to the objects, attributes, and processes they name, language is indeed a separate human realm, a human-created map or representation of reality. Language has evolved toward an infinite regression of symbols, words defined in terms of each other, that distances us from reality. Abstracted too many levels from its source, language maroons us in a factitious fantasy world, an unconscious story that turns us into its victims." - Charles Eisenstein

rainbow bridge

"We have the opportunity to build a Rainbow bridge into the Golden Age. But to do this, we must do it together with all the colors of the Rainbow, with all the peoples, all the beings of the world. We who are alive on Earth today are the Rainbow Warriors who face the challenge of building this bridge." -- Brooke Medicine Eagle, Daughter of the Rainbow, Crow and Lakota

Rainbow Spiral Dynamics© argues that human nature is flexible and that humans are able, when forced by living conditions, to adapt to their environment by constructing new, more complex, conceptual models of the world that allow them to handle the complexity of new events and situations . Each new conceptual model transcends and includes all previous models. These conceptual models are organized around so-called vMemes: systems of core values or collective intelligences, applicable to both individuals, sub groups and entire social cultures.

In Rainbow Spiral Dynamics©, the term vMeme refers to a core value system, acting as an organizing principle, which expresses itself through memes (self-propagating ideas, habits, or cultural practices). The prepended and superscripted letter v indicates these are not fundamental memes but value systems which include them. Each individual/sub clique/social culture embodies a mixture of the value patterns, with varying degrees of intensity in each set of values. Rainbow Spiral Dynamics© realizes that there are infinite stages of progress and regression over linear time dependent upon the life circumstances of the individual/sub clique/social culture, which are constantly in flux.

Attaining higher stages of development is not synonymous with attaining a defined values system but rather a flexible moral values system of least harm in sync with the evolving aspects of reality. All stages of intellectual development co-exist in reality, therefore a social cultural vMeme may, at any stage of development, lead to undesirable outcomes with respect to the health of the human and social environment. All new vMeme systems are built on adaptations of previous levels and seek to solve problems created by living in those earlier ways.

First tier vMeme levels are focused on different themes for existence, and include almost all of the worldviews, cultures, and mental attitudes up to today. Rainbow Spiral Dynamics© works toward vMeme perspective convergence onto the Golden Path which is the vMeme term for all multidimensional perspective aspects of the Golden Rule also know as the Rule of Reciprocity.

Rainbow Spiral Dynamics© does explicitly define a category of people spiraling up from from all races, all walks of life, all religious faiths, all tribal elements, all academic persuasions, all ideological backgrounds labeled "Spiral Wizards" who have attained equilibrium around the "higher level" vMeme of the Golden Path.

we are not just code

See thought image

See Rudyard Kipling

See Aldous Leonard Huxley

See Natural Law or the Law of God
exit stage left

unique library index

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This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has created a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of Life - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of Life are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a “hate crime."

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