north, south, east and
evening and night
middle years and
a strong body,
a clear mind,
a pure spirit,
adherence to the rule of
"The writings of
contemporary developmental psychologists suggest that the way that
consciousness develops in each person from infancy through adulthood
recapitulates the way that consciousness has collectively evolved during the
course of history.
Margaret Mahler, a British psychoanalyst, has
described an initial stage in which the infant experiences a sense of oneness
similar to that of the archaic consciousness.
psychologist, Jean Piaget, found that
magical thinking develops
between ages two and four.
He also concluded that the culmination of
cognitive development in contemporary society occurs in adolescence with the
acquisition of abstract reasoning, which he called "formal operations."
This corresponds to Gebser's rational consciousness.
cognitive theorists have extended Piaget's model of human development and have
described a further stage in the development of consciousness, beyond abstract
Herb Koplowitz refers to this stage as
Unitary Consciousness." -
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