When just 10 percent of the population holds
an unshakable belief,
their belief will always be adopted by the majority
of the society.
tyranny of the majority is a
very real danger.
It is a mistake to
suppose that the
majority is necessarily correct.
On every new question the
majority is always wrong in the beginning.
Whenever any new
fundamental issue arises, the majority are in the wrong, as they are guided by
A source of evil
in large representative democracies is
most of the electorate
are blind to their own direct
vital interest in most of the questions that arise.
children be allowed the use of the Welsh language in schools?
gypsies be compelled to abandon
life to serve authority?
Should coal miners work an eight-hour
Sphinx be compelled to call in doctors in case of serious illness?
These are matters of
passionate interest to all sections of the community.
And they are
decided according to the
wishes of the numerical majority.
Intense desires of a minority
will be overborne by uninformed
concentrated minorities have a chance of self determination.
they are scattered and politically feeble, like the gypsies, they stand a very
poor chance against the prejudices of the majority.
Even when geographically concentrated, like the Irish,
they may fail to obtain their wishes, as they arouse some
instinct of domination in the
state of affairs is
the negation of representative
Progress comes through
the gradual effect of a minority in
converting opinion by altering
custom of the majority of the people in the culture.
In a free
society the majority refrains
from imposing its will as regards matters in which uniformity is not
absolutely necessary." - Bertrand Russell
Bill Benson discovers that both the Sixteenth and
Seventeenth Amendments to the US Constitution have not been properly ratified
and, therefore, do not exist.
Philander Chase Knox, the Secretary of
State, committed fraud when he declared the 16th amendment ratified in February
1913 shortly before leaving office.
Philander Chase Knox served as: a
director of the Fifth National Bank of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh
National Bank of Commerce;
counsel for the Carnegie Steel taking
a prominent part in organizing the United States Steel Corporation in 1901;
served as Attorney General in the cabinets of William McKinley and
Theodore Roosevelt and
served as Pennsylvania Senator.
amendment is sent out to state governors for ratification by the state
legislatures after having been passed by Congress.
There are 48 states
at that time, and three-fourths, or 36, of are required to give their approval
for the amendment to be ratified.
Philander Chase Knox declares the 16th amendment ratified
after recieving responses from 42 states.
Philander Chase Knox
acknowledges that four of those states (Utah, Conn, R.I. and N.H.) had rejected
it, and he counted 38 states as having approved it.
Chief legal counsel,
Reuben Clark, declares states are not allowed to change the amendment in any
In Kentucky, the legislature acted on the amendment without having
received it from the governor (the governor of each state was to transmit the
proposed amendment to the state legislature).
The version of the
amendment that the Kentucky legislature makes up and acts upon omitted the
words "on income" from the text.
In Oklahoma, the legislature changes
the wording of the amendment and this is the version they sent back.
The state constitution of Tennessee prohibites the state legislature
from acting on any proposed amendment to the United States Constitution until
after the next election of state legislators to give the proposed amendment a
chance to become an issue in the state legislative elections.
legislature acted illegally by voting before they were legally authorized to do
Thirteen states, including Tennessee, failed to read the resolution
on three different days as prescribed by Article II, Section 18. This provision
is a requirement as it: allows for a cooling off period; enables members who
may be absent one day to be present on another; allows for a better familiarity
with, and understanding of, the measure under consideration as some members may
not read the resolution before voting
States violating this procedure were: Mississippi, Ohio,
Arkansas, Minnesota, New Mexico, West Virginia, Indiana, Nevada, North
Carolina, North Dakota, Colorado, and Illinois.
Texas and Louisiana violate provisions in their state
constitutions prohibiting the legislatures from empowering the federal
government with any additional taxing
constitutions limited the taxing authority
of their legislatures, which could not give to the
authority they did not have.
State constitutional violations make
approval of amendment null and void.
For verification purposes all
public documents must be properly certified, signed, and sealed by the
appropriate official(s) as was the case for all documents to be legally binding
at that time.
Ohio, California, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Minnesota
Virginia and Pennsylvania ignored the proposed
Florida rejected the amendment.
Massachusetts had rejected the amendment by recorded votes but claimed it had
passed. West Virginia claimed it had approved it but never filed legal
notification of passage.
April 11, 2002 State of Alabama decides to ratify the
Seventeenth Amendment - 89 years after the alleged ratification.
July 1, 2010 97 years after the
alleged ratification of the amendment, the State of Delaware ratifies it.
April 1, 2012 99 years after the alleged
ratification, the State of Maryland votes to ratify the Seventeenth
"I love all those who laugh at me more
than any of the rest.
Why that is so I do not know and cannot
explain, but so be it.
I am told that I am vague and confused; if so
now, what shall I be later on?
It is true indeed; I
am vague and confused; as time goes on I shall be more so.
course I shall
make many blunders before I find out how to preach, that is, find out what
words to say, what things to do, for it is a very difficult task.
I see clear as
daylight, who makes not mistakes?" - Fyodor Dostoyevsky
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a new
perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world central banking system, mass media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of
American social mores and values have declined precipitously
over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and
more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through mass media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed
into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The
results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social
structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a
perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the
bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web
site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally
presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the
facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts
have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited
and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but
has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making
his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the
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© Lawrence Turner
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