Erie Canal is built to create a navigable water route from New York City and
the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.
Upon completion it is the 2nd
longest canal in the world (Grand Canal, China).
The Erie Canal,
originally running 363 miles from the Hudson River in Albany to Lake Erie in
Buffalo, concentrated wealth in the
transporatation hubs of Albany, Syracuse, Rochester, Buffalo and New York
56,425 railcars put in storage between January 1 and August 20.
This brings the total railcars in storage close to
"The once pastoral landscape of America, quiet and
undisturbed, was now pierced by the sight and sound of
a mechanical marvel,
the locomotive and its trailing cars.
Wherever tracks were hammered
down, business was sure to follow.
Sometimes whole towns were planned
around a railroad track.
A new social caste system was spreading in the
wake of the railroad.
Now there was a 'right side' and a 'wrong side'
of the tracks.
The right and wrong sides of the
tracks was determined by which way the wind blew the sooty, black engine
smoke." - Leonard Everett Fisher
"On the outskirts
of a little town upon a rise of land that swept back from the railway there was
a tidy little cottage of white boards.
To one side of the house there
was a garden neatly patterned with plots of growing vegetables, and an arbor
for grapes which ripened late in August.
Before the house there were
three mighty oaks which sheltered it in their clean and massive shade in
summer, and there was a border of gay flowers.
The whole place had an
air of tidiness, thrift, and modest comfort.
Every day for more than
twenty years, as the train approached this house, the engineer had blown on the
whistle, and every day, as soon as she heard this signal, a woman had appeared
on the porch of the house and waved.
At first she had a small child
clinging to her skirts, now grown to full womanhood every day she came with her
mother to the porch and waved.
The engineer had grown old and gray in
He had driven his great train across the land ten thousand
His own children had grown up, and married.
He had known
all the grief, joy, peril and labor a man could know.
He had grown
seamed and weathered in his loyal service, and now, schooled by the qualities
of faith and courage and humbleness that attended his labor, he had grown old,
and had the grandeur and these men have.
The sight of this little house
and these two women gave him the most
happiness he had ever known.
He had seen these women in a thousand
lights, a hundred weathers.
He felt for them and for the little house
and he resolved that one day, when his years of service should be ended, he
would go and find these people and speak at last with them whose lives had been
so tied up into his own.
Yes, this was the house he sought, the place he
had passed so many times, the destination he had longed for with such
Now that he had found it, now that he was here, why did his
hand falter on the gate; the entrance to this place he loved turned unfamiliar
Why did he now feel this sense of confusion, doubt and
Three short steps led up to the porch, and he was
knocking at the door.
Presently the door opened and a woman stood facing
With a sense of bitter loss and grief, he was sorry he had come.
He knew at once this woman who stood there looking at him with anxious
concern was the same woman who had waved to him many thousand times.
Her face was harsh, pinched and meager; flesh sagged wearily in sallow
folds, small eyes peered at him with timid suspicion and uneasy doubt.
All the warmth and affection that he had read into her gesture,
vanished in the moment he saw her and heard her unfriendly tongue." - Thomas
Monopolized trade created a
Railroads had to be built with
When two cities wished to
link themselves with a railroad they issued bonds to the extent of their credit
inducing counties along the line to issue bonds.
When these bonds were
sold the Money Power bought
When the road-bed, or a considerable part of it was completed,
the money power would furnish the iron and rolling stock secured by mortgage
"I recollect that in 1855 to 1857, one of our cities was making
tremendous efforts to build a railroad reaching toward a great business center.
After two or three efforts with
intervals of deep despondency,
over one hundred miles of the road-bed was completed; one of the most
distinguished citizens of the state was sent to London, to negotiate for the
iron for the road.
He came back
He said he found men from all over the world in London on
the same business as himself : all wishing to get iron for railroads, at
$10,000 a mile, secured on first mortgage bonds: and they all got the
He said, "These London capitalists are sure to get the railroads
for the first mortgage bonds; and
no man can foresee the
It will certainly work
a mighty change when these
capitalists get possession of all
the land transportation of the world." - L.B. Woolfolk
railroads gave to the money power entire control of the internal traffic of any
nation whose railroads they had mortgaged.
Railroad ownership enabled
them to speculate on town lots
at points on the railroads known beforehand only to the agents of the money
Jay Gould and Jim Fisk are full
partners in ownership of the New York and Erie R.R. holding $23,000,000 of
Jim Fisk is killed holding $11,000,000 in railroad
At settlement of Jim Fisk's estate his family receives a few
Jay Gould could hardly have been worth more than his
partner, yet Jim Fisk went West with 40 million dollars and bought 10,000 miles
The Wabash System is ½ of the 10,000 miles of
railroad in the Gould System.
Mr. Gould stated in an interview with a
reporter the greater number of
the stockholders of the Wabash System were in Great Britain; few in the
The 10,000 miles of the Gould System consists of the Missouri
Pacific, Missouri Kansas and Texas, Texas Pacific, and the Iron Mountain
The Texas Pacific did not belong to Jay Gould, for its
stockholders had it taken
out of the Gould System by process of law.
The Missouri Kansas and Texas
did not belong to him; for its stockholders brought suit and
withdrew the railroad from the Gould System.
Jay Gould stated in an
interview with a reporter in that he held more stock in the Missouri Pacific
than all his other investments put together.
Missouri Pacific is 300
miles long, running from St. Louis to Kansas
"The operations of Vanderbilt, and Gould
and others in Wall Street can only be
accounted for by the fact that they were the agents of the money power and were
supplied with sufficient capital to make their operations an assured success
much like the success that Maxxam enjoyed
with the help of an agent of the money power -"
Michael Robert Milken
"It was the decades following
our Civil War that industry began to
We had great railroads to build.
textile industries were
All called for vast financing; much of that financing came
Schiff of the House of
Rothschild came into his own.
Jacob Schiff financed
Standard Oil for
John D. Rockefeller, the
Railroad Empire for EH Harriman,
and the Steel Empire for
introduced the House of Rothschild to Morgan, Biddle, and Drexel through Kuhn
& Loeb providing financing of industrial empires.
At the time of
his death Edward Henry Harriman
controlled the Union Pacific, Southern Pacific, Saint Joseph and Grand Island,
Illinois Central, Central of Georgia, Pacific Mail Steamship, and
turn of the century Jacob Schiff controlled
the banking-fraternity on Wall Street which by then included
Goldman Sachs, and other
international banks headed by men chosen by the Rothschilds.
control of the nation's money and he was then ready for the giant step - the
entrapment of our national money-system." -
Jacob Schiff: The
most powerful man in American history
Railroad Act of 1862
"The Pacific Railroad Act chartered the
Union Pacific Railroad, and provided for it to build westward from the Missouri
River in Nebraska to a meeting with the Central Pacific reaching eastward from
It also granted the two railroads 10 square miles of
public land (later increased
to twenty) for every mile of track laid, and loans in US bonds of $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, depending on the topography.
The Union Pacific was
being financed by "Credit Mobilier" headed up by Thomas C. Durant.
engineer designing the railroad gave Thomas C. Durant a price tag of 3 million
dollars for the first 100 miles.
Thomas C. Durant then gave a contract
to Credit Mobilier for 5 million dollars while "holding the engineer only to
the original 3 million dollar specifications."
When the engineer
resigned in protest, Major General Grenville M. Dodge was recruited from the US
Army to replace him.
Greed and corruption continued with a few key
people becoming quite wealthy at the expense of the Union Pacific.
financial wrangling of the Central Pacific was also quite questionable, but
their books were never reviewed.
CP Huntingdon claimed they had been
destroyed when the company disbanded.
The investigators concluded,
nevertheless, that the Big Four had benefitted excessively." - Charlton
Theodore Judah lobbys for passage, Congress passes the act
and Lincoln signs it.
At the time the Central Pacific Railroad project
began, CP Huntingdon is a grocer with limited means in San Francisco.
Theodore Judah, C P Huntingdon, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins build the
Central Pacific Railroad.
The US government aid is only paid when a
stipulated number of miles of railway have been completed: the men in the
company had not the means to do so much work before receiving the government
When CP Huntingdon appeared before a Congressional Committee
and insisted that the Central Pacific railroad was in dire circumstances.
When a member of the Committee asked him if he shared the depressed
financial condition of the road, he paused for a considerable time before
answering with extreme caution, "No: I am said to be rich."
Huntingdon insisted that he had made no money out of the Central
Commodore Vanderbilt is the manager of a line of steamers
running the Isthmus route from New York to San Francisco.
Vanderbilt quit the shipping
line, went to Wall
Street to speculate in railroad stocks with one million
Frequently Commodore Vanderbilt had the whole of
Wall Street against him, but he was
always able to put down any combination that was formed against him.
Commodore Vanderbilt was constantly opposed by Daniel Drew, who was
How could Commodore Vanderbilt carry his vast
operations through, with the one million dollars he was worth when he went into
Vanderbilt purchased sole ownership of the Harlem railroad.
Vanderbilt soon afterwards bought the Hudson River railroad, and the New York
Central; and he continued to purchase railroads, until he owned a grand system
extending far into the Northwest.
On Commodore Vanderbilt's death his son,
William Henry Vanderbilt,
immediately transferred a controlling interest in the New York Central System
to a syndicate of New York capitalists representing money power for
$50,000,000; which William Henry Vanderbilt at once invested in four per cent
"Damn the people!
I do not run my roads for the benefit of the people."- William Henry
4% bonds deposited in London with John Bidall Martin in
Bidall Martin gained ownership through
foreclosure of the Erie
railroad and the Wabash railroad systems.
Most of these first mortgage
bonds carried usurous rates - so high that all profits go directly to the bond
holders as interest payments.
"A reoccurring pattern of this history
involves the willingness of imperial states to prop up private railroad
projects amidst volatile global markets.
In doing so, these polities
subsidised the domestication and partition of space in a manner conducive to
empire." - Manu Karuka, Empires Tracks: Indigenous Nations, Chinese Workers and
the Transcontinental Railroad
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their philosophical ideology.
This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of
the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion
based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no
supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of
American social mores and values have declined precipitously
over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and
more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been
preprogrammed into the population through prior corporate media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the
destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and
coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain
copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our
efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political,
economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe
this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for
in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C.
Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those
who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for
research and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved