architect Le Corbusier, born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, saw the machine
age as a chance to remake society and improve the lives of all.
philosophy is laid out in his Five Points of a New Architecture:
Pilotis, or piles: Columns that support the a buildings mass,
opening the ground underneath to free green space and allow for automobile
The free plan: The separation of load-bearing columns from
internal walls, allowing free modification of the floor plan.
façade: Similar to the free plan, the façade could be designed
flexibly, since it had no structural function.
The horizontal window:
The free façade can be cut horizontally to light the whole space.
The roof garden: Recover the sunlit green space lost beneath the
building with a garden on the roof.
His functionalist ideology also
appeared in an emphasis on raw geometry and opposition to decoration of any
sort, separating the architecture from any preexisting culture.
view, a building must serve as a machine, built to fulfill its purpose in the
most economical way possible.
He wanted to bring the industrial
revolution to architecture, mass-producing buildings, and later
Le Corbusiers first foray into urban planning was the
Contemporary City (Ville Contemporaine), a universal concept for a city of 3
The plan was first presented at the Paris Salon dAutomne
in 1922, and suggested a city of tomorrow based on "a theoretically water-tight
formula to arrive at the fundamental principles of town planning."
rational, uncompromising plan begins with an ideal site level, open, and
clear of buildings.
"The Corbusian connection struck me most acutely
when I realized on my recent trip that many of Honolulus towers, both in
Waikiki and throughout the rest of the city, sit atop open-air lobbies, of the
very sort that Corbu said would bring healthy breezes to the masses.
suppose it makes sense in Hawaii, with the trade winds and all, but the effect
is still deadening. Ground floors are given to parking areas.
are surrounded by pointless greenery and setbacks, making them mutually hostile
towards each other.
Curb cuts interrupt the sidewalk and, in many
neighborhoods, theres really nowhere to walk to.
most complete realization of Le Corbusiers Plan Voison in the
western hemisphere took the form of Brasilia, Brazil." - Josh Stephens
"Despite what Le Corbusier might have claimed, the pros of the transit
oriented development, highly livable communities, and increased sustainability
that stem from mixed zoning are undeniable.
The ideal urban form
combines public and private spaces - in recent years, it has become apparent
that mixed-use development is most desirable." - Alessandro
1943 Architect Le Corbusier publishes
the Athens Charter.
The charter shaped the design of European
and American cities for decades after the Second World War.
a set of ninety-four tenets that cities should follow to become functional and
The Athens Charter proposed a strict formula for all
cities to follow with no regard for geography or local culture while aiming at
simplifying how cities worked, rather than to promote more complex ways of
Over the years, Le Corbusiers ideas have been credited
neighborhoods and street life, and they continue to influence city design,
from the growth of gated communities to car-centric city streets.
Housing Act of 1949
The main elements of the Act
federal financing for slum clearance programs associated with
urban renewal projects in American cities (Title I)
authorization for the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgage insurance
extension of federal money to build more than 800,000 public
housing units (Title III)
funding for research on housing and building
techniques (Title IV)
financing of "dwelling and other farm buildings
on ... farms" (Title V).
The Act governed the way the immense financial
resources of the federal government would shape the growth of American cities
in the post-war era.
The government fell far short of its goal to build
810,000 units of new public housing by 1955, providing little aid to cities
suffering from housing shortages.
Lincoln Center wasa New York
City cultural development including 4400 apartments for which 7000 apartments
were torn down.
Urban renewal also came under fire for discriminating
against minorities, in that it often resulted in minority-heavy slums being
destroyed and replaced with more expensive housing or non-residential public
works that were not accommodating to the original inhabitants.
federal government spent $13.5 billion on urban redevelopment and slum
clearance projects between 1953 and 1986.
the reason behind a persons actions;
motivation carries the intention
of a particular goal.
causing, or tending to
pertaining to motion;
(used with object), mo·tived,
US Army Field Manual 101-5-1, Operational
Terms and Graphics, defines information warfare as "actions taken to achieve
information superiority by affecting a hostile's information, information
based-processes, and information systems, while defending one's own
information, information processes, and information systems." - released 30
"As an open system,
man communicates with his environment
through information flows and
We are on the threshold of an era in which these data
processors of the human body may be manipulated or debilitated.
entirely new arsenal of weapons, based on
devices designed to
introduce subliminal messages or to alter the body's
psychological and data-processing
capabilities, might be used to
These weapons aim to control or alter the psyche, or
to attack the various sensory and data-processing systems of the human
In both cases, the goal is to
confuse or destroy the
signals that normally keep the body in equilibrium. " - Timothy L
Victor Solntsev examined the problem of "information noise,"
which creates a dense
shield between a person and external reality.
This noise may
manifest itself in the form of signals,
other items of information.
The main target of this noise would be
the consciousness of a
person or a group of
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of the
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
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capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
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Opinion and thoughts have
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