John Calvin was trained to be a
lawyer during the Renaissance in France.
John (Jehan) Calvin, a
strict literalist, believed Biblical scripture to be the actual incorruptible
Word of God which carried
Part of that training involved the
newer humanistic methods of exegesis,
which dealt with a
text in the original language directly via historical and grammatical
analysis, as opposed to indirectly via
layers of commentators.
John Calvin legal and exegetical training
was important as he applied these exegetical
methods to the Biblical scripture.
John Calvin systemized the Protestant interpretation of
the scriptures with the publication of The Institutes of the Christian
Calvin self-consciously imagined biblical narrative literally.
John Calvin taught a corrupt literal
interpretation of scripture.
John Calvin taught total depravity (people are born evil and care only
about themselves) and predestination (some people are destined to
hell, especially those who refute the dogma of total depravity and predestination
- heretics all!).
Obviously John Calvin had a flawed sense of logic.
Man is totally depraved
and yet somehow those totally depraved human beings were able to perfectly
document and accurately describe through Biblical accounts the attributes of
"If there were no one to
punish, then God would be incapable of demonstrating that he was
a mysteriously vindictive God." -
[Theory: Calvin was a
psychopath attempting to engineer human nature. Calvin would have seen God
as mysteriously vindictive simply because in his left brain psychopathy he
would assume that the law
he invented would have the outcome he desired.]
John Calvin made the claim that only his
interpretation of scripture was to be absolute - with stern retribution for
John Calvin founded the first Protestant
absolutist theocracy in Geneva,
Calvinist Geneva, the "Protestant Rome," was
a totalitarian police state with
systematic subjugation of an entire populace according to a specific
doctrine - Calvinistic dogma.
council approves John Calvin's religious regulations.
The ministry was
divided into pastors, teachers, lay (nonreligious) elders, and deacons.
The pastors governed Calvin's Church, and their permission was required
to preach in Geneva.
public behavior, an elected group of pastors and elders were given the
right to search people's homes; to banish anyone from the city; to force
attendance at weekly sermons; and to ban gambling,
Criticism of John
Calvin and other church officials was forbidden, as were
immoral writings and books
Punishment for first offenses was usually a fine.
Repeat offenders were banished.
Extreme offenses carried
the death penalty.
John Calvin's theocratic absolutism directly caused the death
fifty-eight people who were executed and seventy-six who were banished in order
to preserve the moral order of Calvinistic dogma.
"Any sculpture or
public art was forbidden. A special permit was required to print anything for
publication. It was forbidden to write letters abroad, and local mail was all
read by a committee, coming and going.
Everyone was encouraged to spy on
everyone else, children on their parents, workers against each other, servants
against their masters." - Rafi Metz*
"Most savagely of all were
punished any offenders whose behavior
political and spiritual infalliblity. A man who had publicly protested against
the reformer's doctrine of predestination was
mercilessly flogged at all the
crossways of the city and then expelled. A book printer who, in his cups, had
railed at Calvin was sentenced to have his tongue perforated with a
before being expelled from the city. Jacques Gruet was racked and then executed
merely for having called Calvin a hypocrite." - Stephan Zweig*, The Right
John Calvin was instrumental in
the burning of Michael Servetus*
the physician who first accurately discribed the circulation of
Michael Servetus and John Calvin communicated by letter each
trying to convince the other of his theology.
Michael Servetus was
denounced as a heretic by Guillaume Trie, a rich merchant who had taken refuge
in Geneva and friend of John Calvin.
Michael Servetus was
convicted of heresy by the French
inquisition but escaped before
his execution could be carried out.
Michael Servetus shortly
thereafter attended a sermon by John Calvin in Geneva and was arrested.
Michael Servetus was found to be a heretic and
condemned to be burned alive.
executioners tied Michael Servetus to a chair, lowered him into the flames,
then raised him up, then lowered him into the flames again, and again, and
again, so in all it took half an hour before he died.
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