celebrate militarism

Mythos vs Logos

Islamic literalism

(opium resurgance)

history of conflict in Afghanistan

foreign policy flow chart

"The reasons for the international terrorism threat are connected to American imperialism and humiliation of Muslims worldwide. Once we rein in imperialism and stop humiliating Muslims, we will discover a greatly diminished terrorism threat." - Robert Lentz

"In all nations there is a constant tension between literal history and the mythos of the State. In Free and/or Enlightened societies History, supported by evidence triumphs. In Tyrannies and other Totalitarian societies, the Mythos triumphs over all. This is the cost of the maintenance of the powers of the Elites. It is a cost which is never borne by those who profit from the expenditure. In our society, the pendulum has swung back and forth between these two poles, continually. Currently we are in the phase where Mythos is dominant, but thanks to the internet and other means of sharing the truth, History is on it's way back! The Ministry of Truth will always win at first, but in the end there comes a Winston and a Julia who finally emerge victorious. " - Al Anderson

Osama Bin Laden

Terrorist attacks create terror as there is no easily identifiable enemy, no sovereign state to bombard or invade, no territory to conquer, no easily identifiable specific force to overwhelm and no clear strategic objective to attain. This is why terrorist attacks and false flag events, have been used and are still used succesfully by psychopathic elements within governments to generate fear and, thus, compliance in the victimized populations.

In response to the attack on September 11, 2001 America invaded Afghanistan on October 7, 2001 ostensibly to dispossess the Taliban and to capture Osama bin Laden, a CIA asset, who was identified as "the mastermind" behind the attack on the World Trade Center. The Taliban were identified as enablers as Muammar Gaddafi had been in the Lockerbie bombing.

An identifiable enemy army, a sovereign state to bombard and invade, a territory to conquer, and a clear objective - opium poppies, oil pipelines and mineral riches beyond belief !America shocked and awed the Afgani's (and later the Iraqi's) having identified convenient scapegoats for 911.

America's invasion of Afghanistan was presented as a war against a physical enemy (insurgents, terrorists, gorilla fighters, rebels, revolutionaries, tribal elements, et al) as well as a war against fanatical Islamists identifed as embodied in the fanatical religious literalism of Wahabbism. The truth is it was and is a "War against Mythos."

The "War on Terror" or "the Long War" has been presented by pundits, think tank experts, news anchors, journalists and academics as a "clash of civilizations" - an epistemological battle between Logos and Mythos with Western civilization - the advanced rational social culture based on science, logic and reason - representing reality {Logos} and Islam representing myth {Mythos}.

Epistemology is the branch of science and philosophy that concerns knowledge, specifically, how we know what we know. Primarily there are two 'ways of knowing'. For convenience we will use the term Logos for one and Mythos for the other. Although we are using the same terms as above we will define them substantially differently than the mass media snapshot.

Mythos, relying on intuition and emotion, embodies a form of mental artistry which symbolically and aesthetically resonates with an individual's past subconscious experiences of personal events leading to a mythically enlightened understanding of reality (emotional intelligence).

Logos relies on reason and logic, on what we call rational ways of knowing, the building blocks of scienctific discovery.

The spiritual/Mythos (subconscious/right brain) and the rational/Logos (conscious/left brain) thought forms exist together in every society but religious literalists and secular ideologues are blind to that reality. Religious literalists are theocratic absolutists who believe any worldview other than there own is heretical and evil while secular ideologues utopian vision is really only a delusion of grandeur for their idealized socially engineered social culture - the visions coincide although arrived at from radically different perspectives using entirely different regions of the human mind.

The religious literalists of Christianity, Talmudism, Islam and the secular ideologues Transhumanists, Statists, Economists, Political Scientists and every other "pure" ideology do not want reason, critical thinking or intellectual pursuits to challenge their tradition; they demand blind faith and obedience to traditional interpretations of their sacred texts or textbooks. Secular ideologues claim to follow logic and reason and yet, economists for example, continue to worship at the altar of "the invisible hand" which is a "science of economics" myth.

In the madrasas, the Islamic religious schools in Pakistan and Afghanistan, students are strictly forbidden from learning anything except the Qur'an as taught by the Wahhabi sect - as a literal text, without an understanding of metaphor, symbolic archetypes and social cultural bias, the Qur'an presents a corrupted Mythos just as the Bible or the Talmud do when taken literally.

Islamic literalists envision themselves not as individuals with desires, a relatively modern notion, but as operatives of Allah. This is also true with religious fundamentalists like Chris Kyle, the American Sniper, who believed in "killing ragheads" for Jesus or the Rabbi Yitzhak Ginsburg who was quoted in the New York Times on June 6, 1989 as saying: "We have to recognize that Jewish blood and the blood of a goy are not the same thing." These religious literalists live deep within Mythos and have subordinated themselves to Mythos - living for a graven image they have conceptualized. We see a much different Mythos enacted by the likes of George W. Bush, Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld - a Mythos of a New World Technocrat Bankster Order.

Butrus Elias, a communications major at the University of Cairo, admits to being a democracy advocate. Butrus Elias owns the DVD of the movie Forrest Gump. Butrus Elias favorite scenes are the surreal handshakes between Forrest Gump, played by Tom Hanks, and an assortment of smiling American presidents who are juxtaposed with evidence of their political dark sides.

"Forrest Gump helped me understand that my country's leaders are not in accord with reality. I saw in the movie Forrest Gump how a politician would behave dishonestly just to influence the society around him, and I identified with the simple character who could be so easily manipulated by falsehood. It helped me to look at my own country and see our leadership through a similar lens."- Butrus Elias

Religious literalists and market ideologues, both avid followers of their own particular form of Mythos, demand obedience to modes of thought bound by their tradition. Neither are willing to acknowledge any way of thought other than their traditionally prescribed way. Both would prefer it if the population remained passive and did not employ the halo of critical thinking.

In 1095, Pope Urban II launched the First Crusade knowing that the Great Seljuk empire had dissolved with infighting and that the balance of power in Central Asia had been overturned as a result.

Once Ghengis Khan conquered most of Asia religious discord set in. Mongols were shamanists who, although acknowledging the existence of one God, also venerated the forces of nature - the sun, moon, Earth, water, etcetera which did not go over well with followers of Islam. In response to the Crusades and the Mongol invasion Islam turned from the path of enlightenment towards a more literal translation of the Quran much as Christianity had done 700 years earlier.

The path of literalist religious zealotry creates cultural stagnation as thought outside traditional thought patterns is forbidden. The stagnation in Saudi Arabian Wahhabism mirrors the stagnation that occured in the Christian countries of the dissolved Roman Empire during the time that was properly titled the Dark Ages. The stagnation of the Mythos of decadent Roman Empire was only broken in the Christian countries of the West by renewed contact with the East.

The stagnation of the Mythos of the market literalists will only be broken when the "the invisible hand" which supports the "science of economics" myth lays shattered on the ground.

"If Allah's grace and mercy are present, then surely one reforms, otherwise, the person just wanders around in the desert of knowledge and intellectualism. After studying the educational history of the Earth, this point becomes very clear that all the mischief and chaos that were created, were all at the hands of intellectuals and geniuses. During the period of Ilm (knowledge) a greater portion of Fitna (mischief) appeared by the way of Ilm. Even among the Ulama-e-Haqq, many geniuses due to their sharp intelligence and accentricity became victims of their wrong thoughts and ideas." - Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Binnori

"Western civilization is supposed to be based on free and rational thought. Closed-minded fundamentalism of any sort, whether denying empirical scientific evidence or blowing up abortion clinics, seems more akin to the ancient, mindless ways of the Middle East than the civilization that brought you Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and the Enlightenment." - Dirik Lolkus

Islamic literalism

The enemy is not easily identifiable. The enemy may be the girl next door.
She may harbor politically incorrect heretical thoughts.

Islamic literalists have been fighting imperial Christian and Talmudic powers for over a millineum. Islamic literalists understand that America supports corrupt regimes that suppress any religion other than the secular state religion as any religion other than the secular state religion is a threat to the corrupt regimes existence.

Islamic literalists insist that Islamic governments be based on the Sharia, or Islamic law. Sharia, Shari-'ah, Shari'a, Shariah or Syariah is the Arabic word for Islamic law, also known as the Law of Allah. Islam classically draws no distinction between religious, and secular life. Sharia covers not only religious rituals, but many aspects of day-to-day life, politics, economics, banking, business or contract law, and social issues much in the same way that the Torah does. As a matter of fact the real reason that Zionists oppose Sharia is that contracts can be found null and void if deception has occurred whereas in Talmudism deception in contracting for self-enrichment at the expense of others, especially contracts made with goy, is looked upon as the ultimate success.

To the devout religious literalists - Talmudist, Islamist or Christian - the most abhorrent effects of rationality has been the growing replacement of Mythos with the Logos of the State.

The original American system of government, born of reason with the hope of freedom and liberty for all men, is not just under the assault of the Islamic literalists but is also under the assault of American Zionists, imperial Christians and the false prophets of (neo)evangilism.

When one is fighting for land the terms of battle are relatively clear. When one is fighting for one's ideological "Promised Land" the terms of battle are incomprehensible. In this new conflict, religious literalists have many targets, virtually anything and everything that does not fit within their narrow religious literalist worldview, but American Zionists, imperial Christians and the false prophets of (neo)evangilism, have no military targets to hit.

government sponsered revolution

The Iranian revolution, in which the Shah was deposed, elevated the Shiite religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini to the center of power. The Shah had come back to power after the democratically elected government of Iran was dispossessed with the help of the Central Intelligence Agency in Operation Ajax.

United States Foreign Policy Towards Iran

"Allen W. Dulles, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, approved $1 million on April 4 to be used "in any way that would bring about the fall of Mossadegh". The chief of the C.I.A.'s Near East and Africa division, Kermit Roosevelt, a grandson of Theodore Roosevelt, arrived in Tehran to direct Operation Ajax. The house of at least one prominent Muslim leader was bombed by CIA agents posing as Communists." - James Risen

Islamic fundamentalism, in the form of Mawdudi and the Jamaat-e-Islami, have existed in Pakistan for over a half century. Recent events have increased the fortunes of Islamic fundamentalism.

The civil war in Afghanistan, fought between Islamic literalists and the United Soviet Socialist Republic, proved to Islamic literalists that they could gain control of a country by evicting a world superpower. The civil war in Afghanistan was ‘the straw that broke the camel's back' of the United Soviet Socialist Republic - not Ronald Reagan's 'Starwars' program and accompanying military buildup !

Islamic literalists, the Mujahideen, were recruited to fight in this ‘holy' war or jihad, struggle, from all over the Islamic world. When the civil war ended there existed tens of thousands trained professional guerrilla fighters who subscribed to Islamic literalist belief systems and who had successfully caused the withdrawal of a superpower from Afghanistan. They became known as the Taliban.

The house of Saud had been powerful on the Arabian pennisula ever since the eighteenth century, when the radical cleric Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab, the founder of the puritanical Wahhabi movement, wandered into Dar'iya, near present-day Riyadh, and made a bargain with its ruler, Muhammad ibn Saud. The Saud family would provide the generals, and the Wahhabi's would provide the foot soldiers.

In Saudi Arabia wahhabism has been on the rise due to a deal that the house of Saud cut with Islamic literalist religious leaders. Islamic literalist religious leaders promised not to speak out against the opulent and ostentatious life style of the royal family members of the house of Saud if they were given funds to run their Wahhabi Islamic literalist schools.

Popular imams all over Saudi Arabia have called openly for a jihad against the West. Two out of every three Ph.D.s earned in Saudi Arabia are in Islamic studies. Fifteen of the nineteen hijackers on 911 were Saudis. Until 911, Saudis were not even required to appear at the American embassy in Riyadh or the consulate in Jidda for a visa interview. Under a system called Visa Express a Saudi had only to send his passport, an application, and the application fee to a travel agent.

All of the wealth of the house of Saud comes from oil sales, much of that oil is and was sold to America. Much of the Saudi money was funneled into Pakistan to support religious literalist schools in Pakistan. In 1997 Abdul Aziz, a youngest of King Fahd's children, coordinated a $100 million aid package for the Taliban.

Even after the 1998 attacks on the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, which were supposedly organized by Osama bin Laden from his bases in Afghanistan, the Saudi royals continued to aid the Taliban and its main supporter in the region, Pakistan.

The Pakistanis were directly involved with the civil war in Afghanistan as money, supplied by the American government through the Central Intelligence Agency, was funneled through the Pakistani Intelligence Service to provide arms and ammunition to professional guerrilla fighters, Osama bin Laden for one, that were fighting the United Soviet Socialist Republic supported marxist government of Afghanistan.

It is ironic that America, directly and indirectly, supported the rise of Islamic fundamentalism - Wahhabism. Directly by supporting the Taliban in the civil war in Afghanistan, the despotic governments of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Morocco, Jordan and the military government of Pakistan. Indirectly by purchasing oil from the house of Saud.

history of conflict in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is populated with a mosaic of ethnic groups who have subscribed to a variety of religions. Afghanistan, an ancient focal point of trade and migration, exists at the junction of the crossroads between the East and West in the center of the "world island" - Asia. Afghanistan has suffered almost continuous conflict being repeatedly invaded throughout recorded history (and no doubt prerecorded history as well).

Afghanistan's first known invasion was by the Medians. The Medians came from the region south of the Caspian Sea and controlled Afghanistan in the 6th century BC.

Next the Persians invaded during the reign of the Zoroastrian Darius I creating the Achaemenid Persian empire which reached to the Indus river.

The Scythian empire reached its greatest extent in the 4th century BC during the reign of Ateas and included Bactria (present-day Balkh).

Following the defeat of the Achaemenid Persian empire, in 328 BC, the Greek Alexander the Macedonian entered the territory of present-day Afghanistan to capture Bactria and finally conquered a region reaching to the Indus river. Alexander the Macedonian brought leprosy to Europe from India.

When the empire of Alexander the Macedonian fragmented along came the ruthless Indian Hindu warrior and general Ashoka the Great who reigned from 273 BC to 232 BC as the emperor of the Mauryan empire. The brutality of the conquests led Ashoka the Great later in life to adopt Buddhism under the guidance of the Brahmin Buddhist sages Radhaswami and Manjushris.

The Bactrian Hellenistic Greek king Euthydemus and his son Demetrius crossed the Hindu Kush and began the conquests of Northern Afghanistan and the Indus valley creating the Indo-Greek empire at the turn of the 2nd century BC. Bactria had been populated with deported unreliable Greek colonists by the Persian kings of the past.

The Kushan empire wrestled control of the area from the Bactrian's including the Kabul valley, part of Qandahar and established the twin capitals near present-day Kabul and Peshawar then known as Kapisa and Pushklavati respectively. The Kushans adopted elements of the Hellenistic culture of Bactria including a writing system that used the Greek alphabet. During the Kushana empire rule, Afghanistan and Gandhara became major centers of culture and learning.

White Huns, the Hephthalite empire, were an agricultural people with a developed set of laws. They displaced the Kushan and conquered Sogdiana and Khorasan before 425. They crossed the Syr Darya (Jaxartes) River and invaded Persia in 425. Held off at first by Bahram Gur, they later succeeded in making Persia a tributary in 485. After a series of wars they were driven out of Persia, permanently lost the offensive, and were finally defeated by Khosru I in 557 . The White Huns also invaded India and succeeded in extending the empire to include the Ganges river valley.

The Göktürks or Kök-Türks were a Turkic people of ancient North and Central Asia, Eastern Europe and northwestern China. known in medieval Chinese sources as Tujue, the Göktürks under the leadership of Bumin/Tuman Khan/Khaghan and his sons, established the first known Turkic empire around 552 in the general area of territory that had earlier been occupied by the White Huns, and expanded rapidly to rule wide territories in Central Asia.

The Göktürks originated from the Ashina tribe, an Altaic people who lived in the northern corner of the area presently called the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomus Region of China. They were the first Turkic tribe to use the name "Türk" as a political name.

The Sassanid empire, Sassanian empire, second Persian empire, the fourth Iranian dynasty, and other powers ruled the rest of Afghanistan before the Arab Muslims invaded the entire region and introduced Islam in 642.

The Sassanid empire's territory encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Armenia, Afghanistan, eastern parts of Turkey, and parts of Syria, Pakistan, Caucasia, Central Asia and Arabia.

Afghanistan, like all the others conquered by the Arab Muslims, had local rulers including the empire of Tang China, which had extended its influence all the way to Kabul.

The Samanids, who reigned from 875-999, founded a reemerging Persian empire in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. It was among the first native Iranian dynasties in Iran and Central Asia after the Arab conquest and the collapse of the Sassanid Persian empire.

The Persian Samanids empire, continued to rule eastern Afghanistan from the mid-7th century until they were conquered by the Turkic invasions of Mahmud of Ghazni and, Harun, Bughra Khan.

In 999, Bughra Khan, grandson of the paramount tribal chief of the Turk Karluk empire, occupied Bukhara, the capital of the Persian Samanids empire. The Samanid domains were split up between the Ghaznavids, who gained Khorasan and Afghanistan, and the Karakhanids, who received Transoxania; the Oxus River thus became the boundary between the two rival empires. During this period the Karakhanid, Kara-Khanid Khanate, were converted to Islam.

Mahmud of Ghazni, founder of the Ghaznavid empire, a Sunni Muslim state in Khorasan in modern day Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187, consolidated the conquests of his predecessors and turned Ghazna, Ghazni, into a great cultural center as well as a base for frequent forays into India.

Khwarezm was a province of the Ghaznavid Empire from 992 to 1041.

In 1041 the Seljuk Turks gained control of Khwarezm.

The Seljuk Turks were a Muslim dynasty of originally Oghuz Turkic descent that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East. The Seljuk Turks power was at it's zenith under Malik Shah until 1092 when the Great Seljuk empire stretched from Anatolia to Pakistan.

When Malik Shah I died in 1092 the Great Seljuk empire split, as his brother and four sons quarrelled over the apportioning of the empire among themselves thus becoming the target of the First Crusade.

In 1041 Muhammad 'Ayn ad-Dawlah took over the administration of the western branch of the Kara-Khanid Khanate, centred at Bukhara. The unity of the Karakhanid empire was fractured by constant internal warfare and later served the dual suzerainty of both the Kara-Khitan empire to the north and the Seljuk empire to the south.

The Khitan empire, Kara-Khitan Khanate, 1124-1218 was founded by Yelü Dashi, who led the remnants of the Liao dynasty to Central Asia after fleeing from the Jurchen conquest of their homeland in Manchuria. In 1141, the Seljuk Sultan Ahmed Sanjar was defeated by the Kara-Khitan Khanate and the Great Seljuk empire fell into chaos. Anu-sh Tigin's grandson Ala ad-Din Aziz was forced to submit as a vassal to the Khitan empire as was the the Kara-Khanid Khanate.

The Khwarezms expanded their territories south when the Great Slejuk empire collapsed in 1141.

Uthman, reigned 1204–11, briefly reestablished the independence of the Karakhanids empire, but in 1211 the Karakhanids were defeated by the Khwarezm-Shah 'Ala' ad-Din Muhammad and the dynasty was extinguished.

The Ghaznavid empire was defeated in 1146 by the Muhammad of Ghor, who founded the Ghurid empire. The Ghaznavid Khans continued to live in Ghazni as the 'Nasher' until the early 20th century, but they did not regain any power until 1709 when the Ghilzai Pashtuns's defeated the Safavid Persians in Kandahar.

The Ghurid Empire, between 1175 and 1192, under the leadership of Muhammad of Ghor, stretched over a vast area including parts of Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Turkistan, Iraq and parts of other Arab countries. Muhammad of Ghor occupied Uch, Multan, Peshawar, Lahore, and Delhi.

In 1206, one of the Ghurid generals, Qutb-ud-din Aybak, the conqueror of Delhi, made himself independent and founded the first of a succession of dynasties collectively known as the Delhi Sultanate which lasted from 1206-1526.

In 1194, the last Sultan of Great Seljuk empire, was defeated and killed by the Khwarezm ruler Ala ad-Din Tekish.

In 1200, Ala ad-Din Tekish died and was succeeded by his son, Ala ad-Din Muhammad, who by 1205 had conquered all of Great Seljuk empire and declared himself Shah , Persian for king, he became known as the Kwarezmshah, the ruler of the empire of Khwarezm.

In 1212 Ala ad-Din Muhammad defeated the Ghurid empire and conquered the lands of the Kutluk, the Gur-Khan of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, expanding the empire of Khwarezm, ruling a territory from the Syr Darya nearly to Baghdad, and from the Indus River to the Caspian Sea.

The empire of Khwarezm conquered and ended both the empires of Khitan and of Ghurid. This continuous warfare between these empires drained the life from them making them vulnerable to hostilities.

The Mongol Genghis Khan invaded Afghanistan in 1219 slaughtering the resisters, salting fertile agricultural areas and destroying many cities including Herat, Ghazni, and Balkh.

"The Mongols took no prisoners and allowed no torture. They executed swiftly and efficiently, including all the soldiers of the defeated army who, they believed, would be a constant source of future problems if allowed to live. The first several months of a Mongol invasion were bloody, but once the takeover ended, the bloodshed ended." - Jack Weatherford

To enhance the heinous legends of his conquests Genghis Khan left mountains of the skulls of the defenders of those cities that would not submit throughout Central Asia.

How Climate Change Drove the Rise of Genghis Khan

Following Genghis Khan's death in 1227, a succession of petty chiefs and princes struggled for supremacy until late in the 14th century, when one of his descendants, Timur Lang, Tamerlane or Tamburlaine, incorporated what is today Afghanistan into his own vast Asian Timurid empire.

At this time there were two factions of the ruling class;

the Tajik, men of the pen, wazirs in Persian, of Persian descent, chancellors, merchants, artists and scholars.

the warriors, men of the sword, a combination of Turk and Mongol descent.

Prince Babur, a descendant of Timur Lang or Tamerlane, established the Moghul empire in 1526 by defeating Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans, at the First Battle of Panipat. The Moghul empire's capital was based in Kabul.

At its greatest territorial extent the Moghul empire included most of the Indian subcontinent, then known as Hindustan, and parts of what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan.

The Persian word for Mongol is Moghul, generally used to refer to Central Asian nomads who claimed descent from the Mongol warriors of Genghis Khan. The Moghul rulers were adherents of Islam.

On the whole the indigenous Pashtun tribes, Afgans living in the Kandahar area pitted foreigner against foreigner, Persian against Arab against Turk against Mongol, siding sometimes with the Persians, sometimes with the Turks, sometimes with the Moghuls, but never with each other, they perpetuated tribal disunity and prolonged foreign domination.

Afghanistan was divided in many parts in the 16th, 17th and early 18th century. North were the Turkisk Uzbeks, west was Persian Safavid's rule and east was the Mongol's or Moghuls rule and local Pashtun rule.

The Persian Safavid's were an Azeri -speaking Iranian dynasty, the Safavid empire, that ruled from 1501 to 1736, and which established Shi'a Islam as Iran 's official religion.

Much of Central Asia was conquered by the Pashtun Sher Shah Suri, Sher Khan, the Lion King, in the mid 15th century, during the time of Moghul Humayun the second Moghul ruler. Sher Khan founded the Sur empire of northern Indian.

Under Akbar the Great the Moghul empire grew considerably, all of Hindustan and continued to grow until the end of Aurangzeb's rule.

Jahangir, the son of Moghul Emperor Akbar and Rajput princess Mariam-uz-Zamani, ruled the empire from 1605–1627.

In October 1627, Shah Jahan, the son of Moghul Emperor Jahangir and Rajput princess Manmati, succeeded to the throne, where he inherited a vast and rich empire in India - at mid-century the greatest empire on Earth. Shah Jahan commissioned the famous Taj Mahal (between 1630–1653), in Agra as a tomb for his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to their 14th child.

In 1709, the Pashtuns decided to rise against the ruling Persian Safavids in Kandahar. The Persians were defeated and the Afghans conquered and held Isfahan, Iran, from 1719-1729.

Nadir Shah of Persia pushed back the Afghans in the 1729 Battle of Damghan. In 1738, Nadir Shah conquered Kandahar, in the same year he occupied Ghazni, Kabul and Lahore.

Pashtun martial prowess has been renowned since Alexander the Great ran up against them in the 3rd century BC. The Pashtuns were one of the few groups that managed to impede British imperialism during the 19th century.

The Pashtuns are the world's largest patriarchal segmentary lineage tribal group. The total population of the group is estimated to be at least 45 million, but an accurate count remains elusive because there has not been an official census in Afghanistan since the 1970s, and because of the migratory nature of many Pashtun tribes and the practice of secluding women in Pakistan.

After Nadir Shah death in 1747, the Durrani Pashtuns became the principal Afghan rulers.

Ahmed Shah Durrani, founder of Afghanistan, established rule in 1747. Ahmad Shah Durrani, a Pashtun, was elected King in a loya jirga after the assassination of Nadir Shah.

Throughout his reign, Ahmad Shah Durrani consolidated chieftains, petty principalities, and fragmented provinces into one country. Ahmad Shah Durrani's rule extended from Mashad in the west to Kashmir and Delhi in the east, and from the Amu Darya (Oxus) River in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south.

From 1747 until the 1978 Marxist coup, all of Afghanistan's rulers, with the exception of a 9-month period in 1929, were from Durrani's Pashtun tribal confederation, and all were members of that tribe's Mohammadzai clan.

In the 19th century, Afghanistan became a battleground in the rivalry between imperial Britain and czarist Russia for control of Central Asia.

"Imperial planners saw themselves playing "the Great Game." In 1809 they sacrificed an entire British army of twelve thousand men in the wilderness of Afghanistan." - Peter Dale Scott

Three Anglo-Afghan wars (1839-1842, 1878-1880, and 1919) ended inconclusively. In 1893 Britain established an unofficial border, the Durand Line, separating Afghanistan from British India, and London granted full independence in 1919.

Emir Amanullah founded an Afghan monarchy in 1926.

King Amanullah, governing from 1919 to 1929 moved to end Afghanistan's traditional isolation in the years following the Third Anglo-Afghan war. King Amanullah established diplomatic relations with most major countries and introduced several reforms intended to modernize Afghanistan. Some of these reforms, such as the abolition of the traditional Muslim veil for women and the opening of a number of co-educational schools, quickly alienated many tribal and religious leaders. Faced with overwhelming armed opposition, King Amanullah was forced to abdicate in January 1929 after Kabul fell to forces led by Bacha-i-Saqao, a Tajik.

Prince Mohammed Nadir Khan, a cousin of Amanullah's, in turn defeated and killed Bacha-i-Saqao in October of the same year, and with considerable Pashtun tribal support he was declared King Nadir Shah.

King Nadir Shah began consolidating power and regenerating Afghanistan. King Nadir Shah promoted a more gradual approach to modernization and reversed the reforms of Amanullah Khan .

In 1933 King Nadir Shah was assassinated in a revenge killing by a Kabul student.

Mohammad Zahir Shah, Nadir Khan's 19-year-old son, succeeded to the throne and reigned from 1933 to 1973. At this time a handful of families including the Karzais and the Kalilzidads (Zalmay Kalilzidad - US Ambassador to Afghanistan) own nearly all arable land, while most Afghans languished amidst some of the planet's worst poverty.

Until 1946 Zahir Shah ruled with the assistance of his uncle Sardar Mohammad Hashim Khan, who held the post of Prime Minister and continued the policies of Nadir Shah. In 1946 another of Zahir Shah's uncles, Sardar Shah Mahmud Khan, became Prime Minister.

In 1953 Sardar Shah Mahmud Khan was replaced as Prime Minister by Mohammed Daoud Khan, the king's cousin and brother-in-law.

Mohammed Daoud Khan sought a closer relationship with the Soviet Union and a more hostile one towards Pakistan. The dispute with Pakistan led to an economic crisis and Mohammed Daoud Khan resigned in 1963.

From 1963 until 1973 Zahir Shah took a more active role. In 1964, King Zahir Shah promulgated a liberal constitution providing for a bicameral legislature to which the king appointed one-third of the deputies. The people elected another third, and the remainder were selected indirectly by provincial tribal assemblies.

Although King Zahir Shah's "experiment in democracy" produced few lasting reforms, it permitted the growth of extremist parties on both the left and the right. These included the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan which had close ideological ties to the Soviet Union.

In 1967, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan split into two major rival factions: the Khalq (Masses) faction headed by Nur Muhammad Taraki and Hafizullah Amin and supported by elements within the military, and the Parcham (Banner) faction led by Babrak Karmal. The split reflected ethnic, class, and ideological divisions within Afghan society.

Most of the following presidents and heads of state were Ghilzai (Taraki, Amin, Najib, Mullah Omar), once again trying to take power away from the Durrani.

Former Prime Minister Mohammad Sardar Daoud Khan seized power in a military coup on July 17, 1973.

King Zahir Shah fled the country. Mohammad Sardar Daoud Khan abolished the monarchy, abrogated the 1964 constitution, and declared Afghanistan a republic with himself as its first President and Prime Minister.

Mohammad Sardar Daoud Khan attempts to carry out economic and social reforms met with little success, and the new constitution promulgated in February 1977 failed to quell chronic political instability. In 1978 Iranian intelligence agency (SAVAK) and CIA-supported Islamist agents arrived from Iran with bulging bankrolls in an attempt to create a clamp-down on the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan by purging left-wing officers from the Afghan army. On April 27, 1978, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan initiated a bloody coup, which resulted in the overthrow and murder of Mohammad Sardar Daoud Khan and most of his family.

Nur Muhammad Taraki, Secretary General of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, became President of the Revolutionary Council and Prime Minister of the newly established Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, strongly supported by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan implemented a socialist agenda which included decrees abolishing usury, banning forced marriages, state recognition of women's rights to vote, replacing religious and traditional laws with secular and Marxist ones, banning tribal courts, and land reform. Men were obliged to cut their beards, women couldn't wear a burka, and mosque visiting was forbidden. Taraki embarked upon an ambitious land reform program to help poor Afghan sharecroppers who were traditionally forced to work the land owned by the king and his cronies. He built schools for women, who were banned from education under the monarchy. He opened Afghan universities to the poor and introduced free health care.

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics sent contractors to build roads, hospitals, schools and dig water wells; they also trained and equipped the Afghan army.

These secular decrees and the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan's monopoly on power were met with a large backlash, partly led by members of the traditional establishment, partly by tribal elements and partly through sponsership of the CIA which many Afghans believed where responsible for burning down universities and girl's schools.

Pro-Taraki militants, convinced of a CIA destabilization plot, assassinated CIA Kabul Chief of Station Spike Dubbs.

The embattled Taraki appointed Tabizullah Amin as cabinet minister in charge of land reform. Amin launched a brutal campaign of terror against political opponents, turning world opinion against the previously celebrated Taraki government.

Many groups were formed in an attempt to reverse the dependence on the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, some resorting to violent means and sabotage of the Afghanistan's industry and infrastructure. The government responded with a heavy handed military intervention and arrested, exiled and executed many mujahideen - "Allah's warriors."

Former KGB Chief Yuri Andropov believed that Amin was an agent provocateur working with the CIA to infiltrate the Kabul government, intent on discrediting its progressive agenda.

Pashtuns played a pivotal role in the Soviet war in Afghanistan, as many joined the ranks of the mujahideen.

On July 3, 1979 the largest covert operation in the history of the CIA, Operation Cyclone, was launched in Afghanistan shortly after James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. signed the first executive directive for secret aid.

Saudi-born Osama bin Laden, was recruited to organize and train the mujahideen.

Under this secret presidential directive James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. gave the CIA the authority to arm the mujahideen under Osama bin Laden.

The CIA's secret aid, approved by James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr., laid the foundations of al-Qa`ida.

"With the active encouragement of the CIA and Pakistan's ISI, who wanted to turn the Afghan Jihad into a global war waged by all Muslim states against the Soviet Union, some 35,000 Muslim radicals from 40 Islamic countries joined Afghanistan's fight between 1982 and 1992. Tens of thousands more came to study in Pakistani madrasahs. Eventually, more than 100,000 foreign Muslim radicals were directly influenced by the Afghan jihad." - Ahmed Rashid

"It was the government of the United States who supported Pakistani dictator General Zia-ul Haq in creating thousands of religious schools, from which the germs of the Taliban emerged." - Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan

United States government support to the Mujahideen was presented to world public opinion as a "necessary response" to Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in support of the pro-Communist government of Babrak Kamal but the CIA's military-intelligence operation in Afghanistan was launched prior to the entry of Soviet troops into Afghanistan.

Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski

"According to the official version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahideen began on 24 December 1979. On July 3, 1979, President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote a note to the President in which I explained to him that in my opinion, this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention." - Zbigniew Brzezinski

Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski, who co-founded the Trilateral Commission with David Rockefeller, was baiting the Soviets to invade Afghanistan. Thus began the New Great Game. The New Great Game is a term used to describe the conceptualization of modern geopolitics in Central Eurasia as a competition between the United States, the United Kingdom and other NATO countries against Russia, the People's Republic of China and other Shanghai Cooperation Organisation countries for "influence, power, hegemony and profits in Central Asia and the Transcaucasus".

Asked in 1998 whether he regretted his adventurism, Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski replied: "Regret what? The secret operation was an excellent idea. It drew the Russians into the Afghan trap and you want me to regret it? On the day that the Soviets officially crossed the border, I wrote to President Carter, saying, in essence: 'We now have the opportunity of giving to the USSR its Vietnam War.'"

Osama bin Laden, one of 57 children born into one of Saudi Arabia's richest oil/construction families, used his experience in the construction trade to build bases where the Afghan resistance fighters, or Mujahadeen, could be trained by American and Pakistani agents to help keep the Soviets from controlling Afghanistan. During the 1980s and early 1990s, the CIA reportedly split an estimated $500 million between Osama bin Laden's training bases and the Hezb-e Islami faction of the mujahideen led by Gulbeddin Hekmatyar who received American weapons including Stinger anti-aircraft missiles. American officials estimated that from 1985 to 1992, some 12,500 people were trained in bomb-making, sabotage, and urban guerrilla warfare.

In 1979 the Afghan army was overwhelmed by the number of mujahideen incidents. The Soviet Union sent troops which entered Kabul on December 25, 1979, five months after the CIA hired Osama bin Laden and al-Qa`ida was founded, to crush the insurrection and install another pro-Moscow government.


"Relations between the Central Intelligence Agency (United States - CIA) and the Inter-Services Intelligence (Pakistan - ISI) had grown increasingly warm following Zia's ouster of Bhutto and the advent of the military regime. … During most of the Afghan war, Pakistan was more aggressively anti-Soviet than even the United States. Soon after the Soviet military invaded Afghanistan in 1980, Zia sent his ISI chief to destabilize the Soviet Central Asian states." - Diego Cordovez and Selig Harrison

Prior to the Soviet-Afghan war, opium production in Afghanistan and Pakistan was directed to small regional markets. There was no local production of heroin. Researcher Alfred McCoy's study confirms that within two years of the beginning of the CIA operation in Afghanistan, "the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands became the world's top heroin producer, supplying 60 per cent of United States demand."

Gulbeddin Hekmatyar, a preferred client of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), built a sophisticated heroin supply network in Afghanistan's Kunar and Nuristan provinces with CIA funds. Heroin from the Golden Crescent, negligible before 1979, amounted in 1980 to 60 percent of the American market. By 1986 the Golden Crescent supplied 70 percent of the high-grade heroin in the world. Eight tons of Afghan-Pakistani morphine base from a single Pakistani source supplied the Sicilian mafia "Pizza Connection" in New York - 80% of the heroin reaching the United States between 1978 and 1984. Witnesses confirmed that opium was shipped out of the area on the same Pakistan Army trucks which shipped in "covert" US military aid. At the same time the the CIA and ISI together encouraged the mujahedin to get Soviet troops addicted to heroin, hashish, and cocaine from Latin America in Operation Mosquito. From 1982-92, roughly the period of covert US involvement in Afghanistan, heroin addiction in the US rose by 50% while Nancy Reagan was telling us all to "Just Say No".

"Half of Taliban manpower and equipment originate in Pakistan under the ISI." - Jane's Defence Weekly

The Central Intelligence Agency, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia assisted in the financing of the resistance because of their anti-communist stance. In the case of Saudi Arabia the House of Saud made a deal with the Wahabbi to share the oil revenues - revenues that would be spent on the support of Wahabbi theology madrasahs. For over nine years the Soviet Army occupied Afghanistan while conducting military operations against the Afghan mujahideen rebels.

“At first, everyone thought, there’s no way to beat the Soviets. So what we have to do is throw the worst crazies at them that we can find, and there was a lot of collateral damage. We knew exactly who these people were, and what their organizations were like, and we didn’t care. Then, we allowed them to get rid of, just kill all the moderate leaders. The reason we don’t have moderate leaders in Afghanistan today is because we let the nuts kill them all. They killed the leftists, the moderates, the middle-of-the-roaders. They were just eliminated, during the 1980s and afterward." - Cheryl Benard, a RAND Corporation expert on Islam and the wife of future US ambassador to Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad (formerly a Unocal lobbyist)

Zalmay Khalizad, an ethnic Pashtun, was mentored by Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski, the Carter Administration's architect of the policy supporting the mujahideen resistance to the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. Zalmay Khalizad was given Council on Foreign Relations fellowship were he was mentored by Paul Wolfowitz Director of Policy Planning at the State Department. Zalmay Khalizad served Ronald Reagan as a senior State Department official advising on the Soviet war in Afghanistan and the Iran–Iraq War. During this time he was the State Department's Special Advisor on Afghanistan to Undersecretary of State Michael H. Armacost. In this role he developed and guided the international program to promote the merits of a Mujahideen-led Afghanistan to oust the Soviet occupation. Zalmay Khalizad served under President George H. W. Bush in the Defense Department as Deputy Undersecretary for Policy Planning. Between 1993 and 2000, Khalilzad was the Director of the Strategy, Doctrine, and Force Structure at the RAND Corporation. During this time, he helped found RAND's Center for Middle Eastern Studies as well as "Strategic Appraisal," a periodic RAND publication. Zalmay Khalizad consulted for Cambridge Energy Research Associates, which at the time was conducting a risk analysis for Unocal, now part of Chevron, for a proposed 1,400 km (890 mile), $2-billion, 622 m³/s (22,000 ft³/s) Trans-Afghanistan gas pipeline project which would have extended from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan and further proceeding to Pakistan. Zalmay Khalizad acted as a special liaison between UNOCAL and the Taliban regime. As one of the original members of Project for the New American Century, Zalmay Khalizad was a signatory of the letter to President Bill Clinton sent on January 26, 1998, which called for him to accept the aim of "removing Saddam Hussein and his regime from power" using "a full complement of diplomatic, political and military efforts.

The Soviet Union withdrew its troops in February 1989, but continued to aid the government, led by Mohammed Najibullah. Massive amounts of aid from the Central Intelligence Agency and Saudi Arabia to the mujahideen continued. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Najibullah government was overthrown on April 18, 1992 when Abdul Rashid Dostum mutinied, and allied himself with Ahmed Shah Massoud, to take control of Kabul and declare the Islamic State of Afghanistan.

An interim Islamic Jihad Council was put in place, first led by Sibghatullah Mojadeddi for two months, then by Burhanuddin Rabbani.

Ahmed Shah Massoud, an ethnic Tajik became Defence Minister under President Burhanuddin Rabbani's regime. Following the collapse of Burhanuddin Rabbani's government and the rise of the Taliban regime, Ahmed Shah Massoud became the military leader of the United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan.

In reaction to the anarchy and warlordism prevalent in Afghanistan, and the lack of Pashtun representation in the Kabul government, the Taliban, a movement of religious scholars and former mujahideen, emerged from the southern province of Kandahar.

The Taliban took control of approximately 95% of Afghanistan by the end of 2000, limiting the opposition mostly to a small corner in northeastern Afghanistan.

The opposition formed the Afghan Northern Alliance, which continued to receive diplomatic recognition in the United Nations as the government of Afghanistan. The Afghan Northern Alliance was led by Ahmed Shah Massoud who was assassinated in late September 2001.

"The Taliban conducted simultaneous negotiations with two potential oil companies: Argentinean Bridas and Unocal/CentGas. Once George W. Bush was elected president, Unocal and BP-Amoco, which had in the meantime bought Bridas, the Argentinean rival resumed consortium negotiations with the Taliban. Under Secretary of State Richard Armitage, previously a lobbyist for Unocal, represented the administration's interests. The Taliban, for their part, employed as their PR officer in the US Laila Helms, niece of Richard Helms, former director of the CIA and former US ambassador to Iran. In March 2001, Helms brought Rahmatullah Hashami, Mullah Omar's adviser, to Washington. Throughout the 1990's Hamid Karzai, a top adviser and lobbyist for Unocal, was involved in negotiations with the Taliban regime for the construction of a Central Asian gas pipeline from Turkmenistan through western Afghanistan to Pakistan. At the same time, Zalmay Khalizad, who was also working for Unocal, lobbied the Clinton administration to ‘engage' with the Taliban." - Loretta Napoleoni

"One of the world's richest oil fields is on the eastern shore of the Caspian sea, just northeast of Afghanistan. The Caspian oil reserves are of top strategic importance in the quest to control the earth's remaining oil supply. The U.S. government developed a policy called "The Strategy of the Silk Route." The strategy was designed to lock out Russia, China, and Iran from the oil in this region. This called for U.S. corporations to construct an oil pipeline running through Afghanistan.

Since the mid 1990s, a consortium of US oil companies led by Unocal, which was later bought by Chevron, have been pursuing this goal. The plan was to build a Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline from Turkmenistan's natural gas fields to Pakistan. Unocal partnered with Saudi Delta Oil, which was owned by al Qeada funders Khalid bin Mahfouz and Mohammed Hussein al-Amoudi, and they formed Central Asia Gas Pipeline, Ltd. (CentGas).

A feasibility study for the Central Asian pipeline project was performed by Enron. This study concluded that as long as the country was split among fighting warlords the pipeline could not be built. Stability was necessary for the $4.5 billion project and the US believed that the Taliban would impose the necessary order. U.S. intelligence and Pakistan's ISI then continued the close relationship that they established through Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) and agreed to funnel arms and funding to the Taliban in their war for control of Afghanistan.

Until 1999, US taxpayers paid the entire annual salary of every single Taliban government official.

The U.S., Saudi and Pakistani alliance established within Bank of Credit and Commerce International reunited to facilitate the rise of the Taliban.

The American oil interests at the heart of this pipeline deal took control of the White House on January 20, 2001, when George W. Bush became president. Enron was heavily involved in this oil deal. Enron CEO Ken Lay was an old Bush family friend and was George W. Bush's biggest campaign contributor. Donald Rumsfeld, who became the Secretary of Defense, was a large stockholder in Enron. Thomas White, former vice-chairman of Enron, became the Secretary of the Army. Condoleezza Rice, a former Chevron board member, became National Security Advisor and then Secretary of State.

A major benefactor of the CentGas deal was going to be Halliburton. Dick Cheney, who became Vice President, was Halliburton's CEO. Richard Armitage, who worked as a key lobbyist for Unocal, became Under Secretary of State. Hamid Karzai, who would later become Afghanistan's Prime Minister, was a top Unocal adviser.

Shortly after taking office, the Bush Administration lost faith in the Taliban's ability to control Afghanistan and be a reliable partner in the pipeline deal. James Baker, a key Bank of Credit and Commerce International player, who had served as Treasury Secretary, Secretary of State and Chief of Staff during Bank of Credit and Commerce International's reign, was a leading player in developing the "Strategy of the Silk Route."

In April 2001, Baker and the Council on Foreign Relations demanded immediate action and publicly released a Task Force Report labeled, "Strategic Energy Policy Challenges For The 21st Century," by the James A. Baker III Institute. They stressed the urgency of the pipeline project and openly called for the Bush Administration to "quickly facilitate higher exports of oil from the Caspian Basin region…" and they reiterated the basic premise of the "Strategy of the Silk Route," stating, "the exports from oil discoveries in the Caspian Basin could be hastened if a secure, economical export route could be identified swiftly."

That "export route," as previously planned, would need to run through Afghanistan and into Pakistan. The Chairman of the 911 Commission investigation was Thomas Kean, director of Hess Corp., which was in a joint venture called Delta Oil, with Khalid Bin Mahfouz and Mohammed Hussein al Amoudi. It is also important to mention that James Baker, who had a lead role in developing the "Strategy of the Silk Route" and Bank of Credit and Commerce International operations, was hired by these same BCCI/Saudi/al Qaeda oil interests to defend them against lawsuits brought by families of 911 victims." - David DeGraw

Under the auspices of a response to the September 11, 2001 attacks, the United States and its coalition allies launched an invasion of Afghanistan to oust the Taliban government. Sponsored by the United Nations, Afghan factions met in Bonn, Germany and choose a 30 member interim authority led by Hamid Karzai, a Pashtun from Kandahar.

"The CIA has funneled hundreds of millions of dollars to Pakistan's intelligence service since the Sept. 11 attacks, accounting for as much as one-third of the foreign spy agency's annual budget. The Inter-Services Intelligence agency also has collected tens of millions of dollars through a classified CIA program that pays for the capture or killing of wanted militants. The ISI has used the covert CIA money for a variety of purposes, including the construction of a new headquarters in Islamabad, the capital. The CIA has routinely brought ISI operatives to a secret training facility in North Carolina. The CIA also directs millions of dollars to other foreign spy services. But the magnitude of the payments to the ISI reflect Pakistan's central role. The CIA depends on Pakistan's cooperation to carry out missile strikes by Predator drones that have killed dozens of suspected extremists in Pakistani border areas. CIA payments to the ISI can be traced to the 1980s, when the Pakistani agency managed the flow of money and weapons to the Afghan mujahedin. In addition to bankrolling the ISI's budget, the CIA created a clandestine reward program that paid bounties for suspected terrorists. The first check, for $10 million, was for the capture of Abu Zubaydah, a top Al Qaeda figure. The ISI got $25 million more for Khalid Shaikh Mohammed's capture. "We would show up in someone's office, offer our thanks, and we would leave behind a briefcase full of $100 bills, sometimes totaling more than a million in a single transaction." - CIA Director George J. Tenet " - Greg Miller November 15, 2009

"Militants in Iraq have used $26 off-the-shelf software to intercept live video feeds from U.S. Predator drones, potentially providing them with information they need to evade or monitor U.S. military operations. Senior defense and intelligence officials said Iranian-backed insurgents intercepted the video feeds by taking advantage of an unprotected communications link in some of the remotely flown planes' systems. Shiite fighters in Iraq used software programs such as SkyGrabber -- available for as little as $25.95 on the Internet -- to regularly capture drone video feeds, according to a person familiar with reports on the matter." - Sioban Gorman, Yochi J. Dreazen, August Cole

Resources of Afghanistan

Afghanistan's Vast Reserves of Minerals and Natural Gas

After governing for 6 months, former King Zahir Shah convened a Loya Jirga, which elected Hamid Karzai as president and gave him authority to govern for two more years.

On October 9, 2004, Hamid Karzai was elected as president of Afghanistan in the country's first ever direct presidential election.

In January 2007 the federal government contracted for up to $300 million with AEY Incorporated to became the main supplier of munitions to Afghanistan's army and police forces. AEY Incorporated provided ammunition that was more than 40 years old in decomposing packaging manufactured in China. The federal government contributed $2 million to destroy excess small-caliber weapons and 2,000 tons of ammunition in Albania, according to the State Department through 2007 which included 104 million 7.62 millimeter cartridges. AEY bought more than 100 million cartridges manufactured in China from Albania for the Pentagon contract.

AEY also provided ammunition or equipment in 2004 to the Department of Energy, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Transportation Security Administration and the State Department. AEY was operated by Efraim E. Diveroli, president, and David M. Packouz, vice president, (son of Rabbi Kalman Packouz) both in their early 20's. Yoav Botach, an Israeli citizen and "entrepreneur" who "co-owns" 144 commercial and other properties in Los Angeles through Botach Tactical, incorporated AEY and is the father of Rabbi Shmuley Boteach and grandfather of Efraim E. Diveroli. AEY won the contract primarily because the federal government declared Hasidic Jews to be a disadvantaged minority for purposes of minority business encouragement in 1984.

On February 3, 2009 the Taliban closed a major supply route ferrying some 80 percent of NATO supplies into Afghanistan by blowing up a 30-yard-long iron highway bridge in the Khyber Pass.

On February 18, 2009 Barack Obama ordered 17,000 American troops to Afghanistan "to stabilize a deteriorating situation."

Late in February 2009 American troops set up bases along a dirt track that a Chinese firm is paving as part of a $3 billion project to gain access to the Aynak copper reserves. American troops are providing security to enable China to exploit one of the world's largest unexploited deposits of copper, earn tens of billions of dollars and feed its voracious appetite for raw materials.

"As of March 2009, there were 68,197 DOD contractors in Afghanistan, compared to 52,300 uniformed personnel. Contractors made up 57% of DOD’s workforce in Afghanistan. This apparently represented the highest recorded percentage of contractors used by DOD in any conflict in the history of the United States. Poor contract management has also played a role in abuses and crimes committed by certain contractors against local nationals, which likely has undermined U.S. counterinsurgency efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan." - Congressional Research Service, 08/13/2009

In early May 2009 140 Afghan peasants were killed in rural Farah province by American airstrikes according to the Red Cross. Relatives received about $2,000 for family members killed and $1,000 for those injured.

"An internal military investigation into an U.S. airstrike in western Afghanistan acknowledged that U.S. forces may have killed as many as 86 civilians." - Nancy Youssef

Daniel Offield, a 25-year DEA veteran who oversees marijuana eradication in California's national forests, appeared on an MSNBC news program where he told reporters that he didn't think the DEA was winning the battle against California's marijuana cultivators. Daniel Offield was rewarded for his honesty with a new assignment - in Afghanistan. In interviews with McClatchy, more than a dozen DEA agents describe a badly managed system in which some pilots have been sent to Afghanistan under duress or as punishment for bucking their superiors.

“Kept afloat by billions of dollars in American and other foreign aid, the government of Afghanistan is shot through with corruption and graft. From the lowliest traffic policeman to the family of President Hamid Karzai himself, the state built on the ruins of the Taliban government seven years ago now often seems to exist for little more than the enrichment of those who run it." - Dexter Filkins

“The chief effect of military operations in Afghanistan so far has been to push radical Islamists across the Pakistani border. As a result, efforts to stabilize Afghanistan are contributing to the destabilization of Pakistan, with potentially devastating implications. No country poses a greater potential threat to United States national security - today and for the foreseeable future - than Pakistan. To risk the stability of that nuclear-armed state in the vain hope of salvaging Afghanistan would be a terrible mistake. Sending more troops to the region will only turn Operation Enduring Freedom into Operation Enduring Obligation. Afghanistan will be a sinkhole, consuming resources neither the United States military nor the United States government can afford to waste. One of history's enduring lessons is that Afghans don't appreciate it when outsiders tell them how to govern their affairs - just ask the British or the Soviets." - Andrew Bacevich

								  Angels of the Taliban engineered a revolt in the Swat valley of Pakistan
								  exploiting profound fissures between a small group of wealthy landlords and
								  their landless tenants.

"Hell's Angels" of the Taliban engineered a revolt in the Swat valley of Pakistan in 2009 exploiting
profound fissures between a small group of wealthy landlords and their landless tenant sharecroppers.

On July 2, 2009, four thousand newly arrived Marines and 650 Afghan troops poured into Taliban-infested villages of southern Afghanistan with armor and helicopters in the first major operation under a new Pentagon strategy to clear insurgents from the hotly contested region before the nation's August 20 presidential election. Southern Afghanistan is a Taliban stronghold but also a region where Afghan president Hamid Karzai is seeking votes from fellow Pashtun tribesmen.

"We are kind of forging new ground here. We are going to a place nobody has been before." - Capt. Drew Schoenmaker

"We do not want people of Helmand province to see us as an enemy, we want to protect them from the enemy." - Capt. Bill Pelletier

Hamid Karzai is reelected August 20, 2009 in a "landslide victory".

"The astonishing level of fraud perpetrated on Mr. Karzai's behalf, coupled with his near-refusal to accept the election results, might reasonably be expected to prompt Americans to wonder exactly what those extra troops would be fighting for." - Dexter Filkins
On August 27th 2009 a suicide bomber hit a Pakistani border security checkpoint killing at least 18 border guards (dozens reported wounded) at the Torkham checkpoint, the main border crossing from the Khyber Pass into Afghanistan.

On August 30th 2009 the Chaman border crossing had been closed for two days due to a dispute between Afghan and Pakistani customs officers. 1,000 trucks were backed up along the road waiting to cross the border. An explosion set several NATO vehicles on fire: three oil tankers, two container trucks and two dump trucks.

NATO troops fighting the Taliban in Afghanistan get about 75 percent of their supplies from Pakistan through the Chaman and Torkham border crossings.

"In al-Qaeda's view, the ‘bleeding wars' offer the best opportunity to defeat the United States. It is much easier to kill the enemy in Mesopotamia and Afghanistan's traps." - Bruce Riedel
Bruce Riedel is a CIA analyst who predicted the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in Iran if the CIA interveined.

Annual American funding of the war in Afghanistan

Americans soldiers in Afghanistan
Americans soldiers killed in Afghanistan

"This is a warrior culture. If you walk around looking scared,
they are not going to respect you." - Army Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal

Nineteenth-century militaries were organized around "foraging" principles. Soldiers extensively interacting with locals to acquire supplies in the conflict zone also gathered information.

World War I ushered in a new systematized method of waging warfare which neglects personal contact with the occupied populace.

After World War I supplies were shipped directly to the combat zone from centralized distribution tremendously reducing personal contact with locals. Higher levels of mechanization also separate the occupier from the occupied - with steel plate.

"Faced with "information starvation," mechanized forces often inadvertently fuel, rather than suppress, insurgencies." - Jason Lyall & Isaiah Wilson III

"A Stryker coming around the corner may evoke a Hind gunship coming over the hill." - Commander Jeff Eggers, Navy SEAL
Hind = Soviet attack helicopter gunship, Stryker = Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle

"When you get into an MRAP, you have one person who has the ability to connect to the people - and that is up in the gunner's seat." - Lt. Gen. David Rodriguez

"The U.S. military command in Bagram, Afghanistan, confirmed on 10/04/09 that it has barred reporters embedded with its forces from videotaping or photographing U.S. military personnel killed in action." - John M. Donnelly

"Contrary to the official portrayal of the Afghan National Army (ANA) as ethnically balanced, the latest data from U.S. sources reveal that the Tajik minority now accounts for far more of its troops than the Pashtuns, the country's largest ethnic group. Tajik domination of the ANA feeds Pashtun resentment over the control of the country's security institutions by their ethnic rivals, while Tajiks increasingly regard the Pashtun population as aligned with the Taliban." - Gareth Porter

Just as in Iraq US special forces are supporting anti-Taliban militias in at least 14 areas of Afghanistan as part of a secretive program that experts warn could fuel long-term instability in the country. $1.3 billion is being made available as bribes. It is unknown whether this cash will come shrink wrapped on pallets as it did in Iraq.

The Campaign for a U.S.-Afghanistan Partnership is a nonprofit pro-war front group established by Washington's most monied lobbying firm Patton Boggs LLP. One of Patton Boggs LLP clients is NCL Holdings, a U.S. firm headed by Hamed Wardak, the Afghan-American son of Afghanistan's defense minister, General Abdul Rahim Wardak. NCL Holdings runs supply lines in Afghanistan for the DoD. NCL Holdings is believed to be paying protection money to the Taliban to leave supply lines alone.

"The Afghan war is the center of a Western military operation that is broadening into wider and wider circles throughout Eurasia and in varying degrees taking in dozens of nations from the Chinese border to the Indian Ocean to the Black Sea to the Adriatic Sea. Nations being absorbed into this military transit, overflight, troop recruitment, training network include all those in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) and the South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia), the Black Sea region (Georgia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania and Ukraine) and the Southern Balkans (Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia) in addition to Afghanistan and Pakistan. With the exception of the Central Asian states (so far), all of those nations mentioned above have sent troops to the war theater or soon will, Serbia alone possibly excepted." - Rick Rozoff 09/09

"Ambassador Karl Eikenberry, a retired Army general and former commander of U.S. and allied forces in Afghanistan, objected in two cables delivered to the State Department saying that additional troops would be unwise because of the corruption and ineffectiveness of the Afghan government." - Paul Richter, 11/12/09

"U.S. intelligence officials have concluded there are only about 100 al-Qaeda fighters in the entire country of Afghanistan. Intelligence officials estimate there are several hundred al Qaeda fighters just across the border in Pakistan." - Richard Esposito, Matthew Cole and Brian Ross12/02/09

"To this date, however, there is no proof that al Qaeda was behind the 911 attacks. Neither is there evidence that Afghanistan as a Nation State was behind or any way complicit in the 911 attacks." - Michel Chossudovsky 12/21/09

"Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland;
Who rules the heartland commands the World Island;
Who rules the World Island commands the World."
- Sir Halford Mackinder

"So it is down to you and it is down to me."

In the battle of wits between Wesley and the Sicilian
in the movie The Princess Bride the Sicilian states,

"You fell victim to one of the classic blunders
- never get involved in a land war in Asia."

opium is king !

opium resurgence

"Our own spy agency is behind the killing of thousands of American soldiers and civilians all over the world. They are also responsible for continued Afghan opium production, as it has always served as the primary funding source for CIA paramilitary operations there." - Peter Chamberlin

In 1980 Afghanistan produced 200 metric tons of opium. In 2006 Afghanistan produced 6,724 metric tons of opium - more than 30 times as much opium as in 1980. Approximately 448,000 Afghan families cultivated opium poppy in 2005-2006. In 2006 - 2007 approximately 9000 metric tons of opium were grown.

In 1979, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan. During the 1980s, while the Soviets occupied Afghanistan, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), working through Pakistan's Inter-Service Intelligence, spent some $2 billion to support the Mujahideen Afghan resistance. When the operation started in 1979, this region grew opium only for regional markets and produced no heroin. Within two years, however, the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands became the world's top heroin producer. In Pakistan, the heroin-addict population went from near zero in 1979 to 5,000 in 1981 and to 1.2 million by 1985-a much steeper rise than in any other nation.

As the Mujahideen guerrillas territorial control increased more and more farmers planted opium poppies as cash crops. Across the border in Pakistan, Afghan leaders and local syndicates under the protection of Pakistan Intelligence operated hundreds of heroin laboratories to generate cash which they used to purchase weapons to fight the Soviets. The CIA helped facilitate distribution, even going so far as to squelch Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) investigations. Once the heroin left Pakistan's laboratories, the Sicilian mafia managed its export to the United States, and a chain of syndicate-controlled pizza parlors distributed the drugs to street gangs in American cities. Most ordinary Americans did not see the links between the CIA's alliance with Afghan drug lords, the pizza parlors, and the heroin on America's streets.

"There are powerful business and financial interests behind narcotics. Geopolitical and military control over the drug routes is as strategic as oil and oil pipelines. The bulk of the revenues associated with the global trade in narcotics are not appropriated by terrorist groups and warlords. Narcotics constitute a major source of wealth formation not only for organized crime but also for the US intelligence apparatus, which increasingly constitutes a powerful actor in the spheres of finance and banking. Intelligence agencies, powerful business, drug traders and organized crime are competing for the strategic control over the heroin routes. A large share of this multi-billion dollar revenues of narcotics are deposited in the Western banking system. Most of the large international banks together with their affiliates in the offshore banking havens launder large amounts of narco-dollars." - Michel Chossudovsky

"The White House says it believes that Ahmed Wali Karzai is involved in drug trafficking, and American officials have repeatedly warned President Karzai that his brother is a political liability, two senior Bush administration officials said in interviews last week." - James Risen, October 4, 2008

In October 2009 it was revealed that Ahmed Wali Karzai was on the payroll of the Central Intelligence Agency since the invasion.

"Ahmed Wali Karzai is the biggest drug baron of Afghanistan. What is most disturbing from my point of view is that the military aircraft, American military aircraft are also being used." - ISI General Hamid Gul


The biggest obstacle in removing ignorance is the arrogance.

"ig·nor·ar·ro·gance: [ ig-ner-ar-uh-guhns] –noun–

offensive display of superiority or self-importance based on one’s lack of knowledge

•Arrogance is being 40% right and 100% certain.

Ignorarrogance is being 90% oblivious and 100% certain.

•Gnosis is being 100% certain 90% are oblivious!winky

sank hungry teeth
into my ego balloon,
then wept amongst ruins
painstakingly crafted
in my deflated self-esteem !

Morning Star
Athbhreith Athbheochan
Kwisatz Haderach Druid

The Arrogance of Ignorance

"In most cases, the CIA's role involved various forms of complicity, tolerance or studied ignorance about the trade, not any direct culpability in the actual trafficking. The CIA did not handle heroin, but it did provide its drug-lord allies with transport, arms, and political protection. In sum, the CIA's role in the Southeast Asian heroin trade involved indirect complicity rather than direct culpability." - Alfred W. McCoy (private contractors !)

"When five drug traffickers in military uniforms were caught transporting heroin in a police truck in 2007, it was a victory for a dogged team of Afghan investigators and their US mentors who are waging a Quixotic battle against narcotics, the nation's largest industry. The men were prosecuted by a special drug court that the US government has spent tens of millions of dollars developing as a bulwark against corruption. They were sentenced to between 16 and 18 years in prison. But in April, Afghan president Hamid Karzai pardoned the five men. One was the nephew of a powerful politician managing Karzai's reelection campaign, and the presidential decree ordering their release notes that they had ties to a well-respected family, according to a senior Afghan official." - Farah Stockman July 3, 2009

Before NATO invaded Afghanistan the Taliban had nearly eradicated the opium trade, according to a federal government state department report - trade was reduced to 1980 level. The opium trade was denounced as immoral and would not be permitted under the Islamic law of the Taliban. This was facilitated by a $90 million downpayment on the rights to an oil pipeline deal approved by the George W. Bush administration.

Three and a half years after America led the invasion of Afghanistan to oust the Taliban regime the government of America has issued a warning that Afghanistan is in danger of becoming a narcotics centered state controlled by narcotics traffickers. The State Department of the United States calls the Afghanistan drug trade 'an enormous threat to world stabilty'. The United Nations estimated that Afghanistan produces 87% of the Earth's opium in 2004.

"Opium production has grown exponentially since 2001 as much as 60% of the country's GDP is either generated by or dependent on it. As many as 90% of Afghanistan's police chiefs are reportedly involved in or protecting the drug trade." - Chris Mason, formerly an Afghanistan policy officer at the State Department from 2001 through 2005 and is a senior fellow at the Center for Advanced Defense Studies.

In the year 2006 the United Nations anti-drug chief announced a staggering increase in Afghani opium production of 60% over 2005. The record crop of opium poppies yielded 6100 tons of opium, enough to make 610 tons of pure heroin, outstripping world demand by a third. Ten dollars worth of heroin is enough to kill an inexperienced or infrequent user.

The Afghan minister of counter narcotics General Khodaidad Khodaidad claims the majority of drugs are stockpiled in two provinces controlled by troops from the US, the UK, and Canada.

"Like Afghanistan, South Vietnam at the national level was a massively corrupt collection of self-interested warlords, many of them deeply implicated in the profitable opium trade, with almost nonexistent legitimacy outside the capital city. The purely military gains achieved at such terrible cost in our nation's blood and treasure in Vietnam never came close to exhausting the enemy's manpower pool or his will to fight, and simply could not be sustained politically by a venal and incompetent set of dysfunctional state institutions where self-interest was the order of the day." - Peter Dale Scott
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This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has created a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of Life - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of Life are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a “hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world central banking system, mass media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through mass media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

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