The chairman of the Federal
Reserve Board Ben Salom Bernanke suggests the US turn over sovereignty to
the Bank of International
Bernanke suggests the US take the advise of the Financial Stability
Forum, a small secretariat of the Bank for International Settlements
in Basel, Switzerland.
"I will not say much about the
international dimensions of the issue
but will take as self-evident that, in light of the
global nature of financial
institutions and markets, the reform
of financial regulation and supervision should be coordinated internationally
to the greatest extent possible." - Ben
Salom Bernanke speaking to the Council on Foreign Relations
"Economists" work at selling the public the idea that
recessions and/or depressions are a natural part of what they call the
This is simply not the
and depressions occur due to manipulation of the
money supply by the central banks
Central banks are privately owned and operated.
Central banks refuse the scrutiny of
state regulators - no one knows whose money (if there actually is reserves) -
the central banks use and no one
has ever been allowed to audit the fungible
assets in their database
55 BC "The budget should be
balanced, the Treasury should be
refilled, public debt should be
reduced, arrogance of
officials should be tempered and controlled, and the
assistance to foreign lands should
be curtailed lest Rome become bankrupt.
People must again learn to work,
instead of living on public
assistance." - Cicero
33 AD Tiberius creates a
financial crisis by decreed - 1⁄3 of every
senator's fortune be invested in Italian land.
Jesus uses physical force -
the only time throughout his ministry - to throw the soulless money changers
out of the Temple.
Hebrews could only pay their temple tax with a
half-shekel, a half-ounce of pure silver, about the size of a quarter.
The half-shekel was the only pure
silver coin of assured weight
at that time without the image of
a pagan Emperor.
Jesus threw the soulless
money changers out as the wealth extraction monopoly on
these coins violated the
sanctity of the Temple.
1024 Medieval England's
money supply is controlled by
The concept of paper money used for trade arrives from
Paper money is a paper
promissary note issued by an Archon or Patrician.
A promissary note
contains a written promise to pay a stated sum to a specified entity, or to the
bearer at a specified date or on demand.
A promissary note is a bond
carried by the holder or bearer - a
The first promissary notes, receipts for gold or silver
deposited, are contracts for a gold delivery to a specified party within or at
an ascertained time.
Bearer bonds, also promissary notes, are readily
transferable contracts for delivery made to an unidentified bearer.
breaks the tie to any identifiable deposit of
a fraction of depositors of gold ever
demand gold at once they began to loan out
paper promissary notes made payable
to the bearer.
Loaning out more money than one possess',
fractional reserves, is the same as
printing money or
owning a money tree orchard.
Banking families intermarried to
build an international dynasty.
Henry I creats a new form of currency - a "talley stick."
stick currency is in existence for 726 years until 1826 even though other
currencies came and went, running alongside the talley sticks.
talley stick was a stick of polished wood into which notches were cut along one
side, to indicate the denomination of money the stick represented.
stick was then split lengthwise through the notches, so that both pieces had a
record of the notches.
The King kept ½ to protect against
counterfeiting and the other half was circulated into the economy as money.
The talley stick was the most successful money system in history, as
the King demanded that all the King's taxes had to be paid in, "talley sticks,"
so this increased their circulation and acceptance as a legitimate form of
1215 "If one who has borrowed from the Jews any sum, great or
small, die before that loan be repaid, the debt shall not bear interest while
the heir is under age, of whomsoever he may hold; and if the debt fall into our
hands, we will not take anything except the principal sum contained in the
If anyone die indebted to the Jews, his wife shall have her dower
and pay nothing of that debt; and if any children of the deceased are left
under age, necessaries shall be provided for them in keeping with the holding
of the deceased; and out of the residue the debt shall be paid, reserving,
however, service due to
feudal lords; in like manner let it be done touching debts due to others
than Jews." - Magna
The formulation of Magna Carta in England is not an isolated
Many similar statements of law are being made on the Continent.
In form and content, they run roughly parallel to the English document,
though none is identical.
Among the most nearly contemporary were the
Liber Augustalis, containing the Constitutions of Melfi issued in
1231 by the Emperor Frederick II for the kingdom of Sicily, and the Golden
Bull of Zagreb, issued by King in 1242 to the towns and cities of Slavonia
There were also many others.
Among the best known
of them are Philippe de Beaumanoir's Customs of the Beauvaisis in
France, the Siete Partidas in Castile, the Sachsenspiegel in
Germany, the Usatges of Barcelona from Catalonia, and the Laws of
King Magnus Ladulas in Sweden.
St. Thomas Aquinas argues that the charging
of interest is wrong because it applies to "double charging," charging for both
the money and the use of the money.
This concept followed the teachings
of Aristotle that taught the
purpose of currency was to serve the members of the social culture by
facilitating the exchange of goods and services.
Interest is contrary
to reason and justice as it put an unnecessary burden on the use of money
simply a way to facilitate trade in resources or services.
in Middle Ages Europe forbade the charging of interest on loans making it a
crime called, "usury."
Christians were not
allowed by their religion to charge interest on any money lent as this was
The Jews were not so incumbered.
"Usury is the practice
of lending money at excessive interest
rates. This has for
centuries caused great misery and poverty for Gentiles. It has brought
strong condemnation of the Jews!" - Diodorus Siculus Greek historian
usurers are fast-rooted even in
the smallest villages,
and if they lend five gulden they require a security of six times as much.
They charge interest, upon
interest, and upon this again interest, so that
the poor man loses everything
that he owns." - Desiderius Erasmus
"Jewish usurers bleed the poor
to death and grow fat on
their substance." - Bernardino de Feltro
Mishnah of Moses Maimonides
in the the Book of Judgments Jews are required to not charge interest to
other Jews but to charge interest to a Gentile and to press the Gentile for
"Turn to the pages of the Talmud and you will find that they
made an art of lending money. They were taught early to look for their
chief happiness in the
possession of money. They fathomed all the secrets that lay hid in money.
They became Lords of Money and Lords of
the World." - Werner Sombart
I of England issues the Statute of the Jewry outlawing the practice of
"Jews have never, like other people, gone into a wilderness and
built up a land of their own.
In England in the 13th century, under
Edward I, they did not take advantage of the offer by which Edward promised to
give them the very opportunity Jews had been crying for, for centuries."
After imprisoning the entire Jewish population, in his domain for
criminal usury, and debasing the coin of the realm; Edward, before releasing
them, put into effect two new sets of laws.
The first made it illegal
for a Jews in England to loan money at interest.
The second repealed
all the laws which kept Jews from the normal pursuits.
Under these new
statutes Jews could even lease land for a period of 15 years.
advanced this as a test of the Jews
sincerity when he
claimed that he wanted to work like other people.
If they proved their
fitness to live like other
people inference was that Edward would let them buy land outright and admit
them to the higher privileges of citizenship.
Did the Jews take
advantage of Edwards decree?
To get around this law against usury,
they invented such new methods of skinning the
peasants and the nobles that the
outcry against them became greater than ever.
And Edward had to expel
them to avert a civil war.
It is not recorded that one Jew took
advantage of the right to till the soil." -
1381 Peasants Revolt Raging mobs seized
tax-enforcing judges and clerks and paraded their heads, minus the rest of
them, on pikes through the streets of English towns.
buildings where tax records are stored are destroyed.
Large numbers of tax bureaucrats are killed
in often creative ways.
The rebels amass an army, assault the
capital, seize the Tower of London and kill the king's two highest finance
officials, the Lord Chancellor and the Lord High Treasurer.
1492 Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain sign a decree expelling
all Jews who refuse to
convert to Christianity.
considerable number move to Portugal.
members of the migrant Jewish
community in Portugal proceeded to become wealthy in commercially
successful Portuguese port cities.
Being forced to move, Jewish
families remaind mobile develop international family agencies for growing
brokerage houses involved with
Family networks of mobile Jewish "lombards" migrated from
port city to city during the Spanish Inquisition and forge international
Most European cities still have a
street named Lombard street after the pawn shop that once housed there.
In Dutch, the name for a pawn shop is still lommerd, and this
etymology persists in
the names of various banks (unless named after some family).
Russian, a pawn shop is called simply
Lombard banking refers to the historical use of the term
'Lombard' for a pawn shop in the
Middle Ages, a type
of banking that originated with the prosperous northern Italian region of
In France the Lombards became synonymous with the Cahorsins.
Cahors became prominent in the Middle Ages as a major banking center of
Cahorsin money lenders were infamous for charging
interest on their loans.
Antwerp was foreigner-controlled, which made
the city very international, with merchants and traders from Venice, Dubrovnik
Republic, Spain and Portugal.
Antwerp had a policy of toleration,
attracting a Haredi Jewish community.
The Haredi, or
Hasidic, lived concentrated
in the city center in an area close to what later became the Antwerp Central
This neighborhood is also sometimes known as
Its main attraction was its close proximity to
the diamond bourse, where a large part of the Haredi community worked
cutting and polishing
1509 King Henry VIII succeeds King
Henry VII to the throne.
Under King Henry
VIII the Church of England separates from
Roman Catholicism, whose
law prevents the charging of interest on money.
King Henry VIII relaxes
the laws regarding usury and the soulless money changers waste no time by
flooding the economy with gold and silver coins.
"No people under the
sun are more greedy than they are, than
they have been and always will be, as one can see from their accursed usury.
The Princes and authorities
sit and snore with open mouths and let the Jews take, steal and rob what they
want out of their open purses and chests.
They permit themselves and
subjects to be sucked dry by
the Jews' usury, and make themselves, with their own money, beggars in
their own State.
The Jews have got our money and property, and are
therefore our masters in our own land." -
July 10, 1553 Jane Grey the
great-granddaughter of Henry VII through daughter Mary, and a second cousin of
Edward VI ascends the throne.
She has an excellent humanist education
and a reputation as one of the most learned young women of her day.
when I am in the presence either of father or mother, whether I speak, keep
silence, sit, stand or go, eat, drink, be merry or sad, be sewing, playing,
dancing, or doing anything else, I must do it as it were in such weight,
measure and number, even so perfectly as God made the world; or else I am so
sharply taunted, so cruelly threatened, yea presently sometimes with pinches,
nips and bobs and other ways ... that I think myself in hell." - Lady Jane
July 19 Privy Council of England
suddenly proclaims Mary Tudor as queen deposing Jane.
Jane Grey nee
Dudley's primary supporter, her father-in-law the Duke of Northumberland, is
accused of treason and
her husband are executed when her father, Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk,
becomes involved with Wyatt's rebellion.
Queen Mary I succeeds Lady Jane
Grey's nine day reign on the throne in England.
During her reign, Queen
Mary I, a staunch Catholic, tightens the usury laws.
Mary was the only
child of Henry VIII by his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, to survive to
The soulless money
changers, not amused, hoard gold and silver coins thus creating economic
1554 Mary, the first queen regnant
of England, marries Philip of Spain, becoming queen consort of Habsburg Spain
on his accession in 1556.
Bloody Mary has over 280 religious dissenters
burned at the stake in the Marian persecutions.
1558 Queen Elizabeth I succeeds Queen Mary I, her half sister,
to the throne in England.
During her reign Queen Elizabeth I takes
control of the money supply by issuing
gold and silver coin.
1592 Several William Shakespeare plays appear on the London
Scholars refer to the years between 1585 and 1592 as
Shakespeare's "lost years"; likely the period
the material for his plays.
"William Shakespeare is well known to
have been something of a magpie when it came to plots and characters -
borrowing (and elevating) stories and turns of phrase from writers ranging from
Giovanni Boccaccio to Christopher Marlowe." - Thu-Huong Ha
plagiarized a manuscript titled "A Brief Discourse of Rebellion and
Rebels," written in the late 1500s by George North, a minor figure in
the court of Queen Elizabeth, who served as an ambassador to Sweden.
Plagiarism Software Unveils a New Source for 11 of
"There are still manuscript sources out
there that have not been published that Shakespeare may have used, and it shows
that we dont know everything about the origins of the Shakespeare
canon." - Dennis McCarthy
The soulless money changers in the Netherlands establish the first central bank
The central bank of Amsterdam finances Oliver
Oliver Cromwell overthrows
King Charles I putting him to death.
Plunged into a costly series of
wars over the next few decades Great Britain sinks
deep into debt.
foreclose on a square mile of
property in the heart of London which becomes the
City of London, an international economic
Following a series of squabbles with the Stuart Kings, Charles
II (1660 - 1685) and James II (1685 - 1688) the bankers conspire with
counterparts in Amsterdam to
finance an invasion
led by William of Orange, Netherlands.
William of Orange ascends
to the throne in England as William
William III orders the British Treasury to borrow £ 1,250,000.
return King William III issues the international bankers a Royal Charter for a
new central Bank of England.
This Royal Charter permits the
international bankers to
consolidate the British National debt with a £ 1,250,000 loan by securing
payments of interest and principal through
direct taxation of the
The Royal Charter forbids private goldsmiths from storing
gold and issuing paper promissary notes made payable to the bearer.
Bank of England, a privately chartered
joint stock incorporation named to
deceive the general public,
tenders shares for start up capital.
The private investors purportedly
tender £ 1,250,000 in gold coins to buy their shares in the central bank.
£ 750,000 is ever registered.
Despite the £ 500,000
shortfall the central bank is chartered.
"The Bank hath benefit of
interest on all monies which it creates out of nothing." - William Paterson
founder Bank of England
The Bank of England amounted to nothing less
than the legal counterfeiting of a national currency for private gain.
Any country falling under a
private central bank controlled system eventually amounts to nothing more than
England attacks the talley stick system.
1698 British Treasury owes £16,000,000 to the Bank of
bankers have gained control of the economy of England.
money in circulation in a country is £5,000,000.
A central bank
is set up and prints another £15,000,000.
The value of the
initial £5,000,000 in circulation is now only 25% of the currency in
Bank controls 75% of the currency in circulation with
£15,000,000 in loans.
asset price inflation accompanied by
a reduction in value of money held in
common due to the economy being flooded with new money.
Asset price inflation is an economic phenomenon
denoting a rise in price of assets, as opposed to ordinary goods and
assets are financial instruments such as
bonds, shares, and their
derivatives, as well as real estate and
other capital goods.
"It was Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of
the treasury, who compromised the new nation, through what he admitted was
"corruption," by giving the wealthy speculators in Revolutionary War bonds the
benefit of federally-sponsored redemption and then by establishing the First
Bank of the US. This early drift toward elitist rule was opposed by Thomas
Jefferson, James Madison, and others." - Richard C. Cook1764
Benjamin Franklin is
asked by officials of the Bank of England to explain
the prosperity of
"That is simple. In the Colonies we issue our own
money. It is called Colonial Scrip. We issue it in proper proportion to the
demands of trade and industry to make the products pass easily from the
producers to the consumers. In this manner creating for ourselves our own paper
money, we control its purchasing
power, and we have no interest to pay." - Benjamin Franklin
British Parliament passes the Currency Act of 1764.
The Currency Act of 1764 prohibits colonial officials from
issuing their own money and orders them to pay all future taxes in gold or
Due to the prohibition on the issuance of paper money by
the colonies under the Currency Act of 1764 -
real estate owners who could not pay their
taxes lost their land.
John Morton, a sheriff of Chester County in
Pennsylvania who would sign the
Independence, seized 180 farms between 1766 and 1769.
is divided into three classes: those that are
those that are movable, and
those that move." -
William IX, Landgrave of
Hesse-Cassell, hires Mayer Amschel Bauer to supervise the operation of his
properties and tax-gathering, formally designating Mayer Amschel Bauer
1775 Revolutionary war starts in
years of British taxation has drained the colonies of silver and gold
The continental government has
no choice but to print
The American money supply stands at ≈
By the end of the war the American money supply had been
expanded to nearly $500,000,000 and as a result the currency is virtually
Colonial Scrip worked as just enough was printed to
The Constitution established a basic
currency unit, the dollar, constitutionally mandated to be a silver coin based
on the Spanish pillar dollar and to contain 375 grains of silver.
single provision was designed to keep the American money supply out of the
hands of the international banking cartel.
Congress is desperate for monetary balance, so they allowed Robert Morris,
their Financial Superintendent, to open a privately owned central bank, in the
hope this would sort out the money problem.
Robert Morris, son of the
wealthy tobacco exporter
Robert Morris Sr., had grown wealthier during the revolution by trading in war
This first central bank in America is called the Bank of
North America, which is set up with a four year charter modeled on the Bank of
The Bank of North America's charter called for private
investors to put up $400,000 of initial hard capital, which Robert Morris Jr.,
the war profiteer, found himself unable to raise from American interests as all
the gold and silver had been sent to England as taxes.
uses political artifice to have gold loaned to the government by France
deposited into the new Bank of North America to use as reserves.
1782 Alexander Hamilton graduates law school and goes to work
as an aide to Robert Morris, who states, "a national debt if it is not
excessive will be to us a national blessing."
"The primary definition
of a central bank is a banking system in which a single bank has either
a complete or residuary monopoly
in the note issue." - Vera C. Smith , Committee for Monetary Research and
1785 Robert Morris' privately
owned Bank of North America fails to solve the problem. Continental Congress
chooses not to renew the charter.
"This institution, having no
principle but avarice, will never vary in its objective to engross all the
wealth, power and influence of the state." - William Findlay
Amschel Rothschild moves his family home to a five story home in Frankfurt,
Germany, which he shares with the Schiff family.
A descendent of both
families, Jacob Hirsch Schiff, is
instrumental in the setting up of the Federal
Reserve 128 years later.
leaders assemble in Philadelphia to replace the Articles of
Confederation with the Constitution.
opposes a privately owned central bank after seeing the
exploitation of the
people by the Bank of
"The rich will strive to establish their dominion and
enslave the rest. They will have the same effect here as elsewhere, if we do
not, by the power of government, keep them in their proper spheres." - Governor
Morris in a letter to James Madison dated
Alexander Hamilton, Robert Morris, Thomas
Willing, convince the delegates to the Constitutional convention, not to give
Congress the power to issue paper money.
1788 Prominent French international bankers refuse to extend
necessary short term credit to the government, and
they arrange to have shipments of grain and
food to Paris delayed which triggers the hunger riots.
the French Revolution, in which a
new ruling class emerged, driven by
As its violence grew so too did
discontentment with the
Revolutionary Regime and its stability and sustainability was in
1791 First Secretary of the Treasury,
Alexander Hamilton, proposed a bill to the Congress calling for a new privately
owned central bank.
Alexander Hamilton manages to get a new privately
owned central bank through the new Congress.
The Bank of North America
becomes the First Bank of the US.
Baron James de Rothschild of Paris is
the principal investor.
Robert Morris controls it, Thomas Willing is
the Bank President.
"The bill for establishing a national bank undertakes, among other
1. To form the subscribers into a corporation.
enable them, in their corporate capacities,
to receive grants of lands; and, so far, is against the laws of mortmain.
3. To make alien subscribers capable of holding lands; and so far is
against the laws of alienage.
4. To transmit these lands, on the death
of a proprietor, to a certain line of successors changes the course of
5. To put the lands out of the reach of forfeiture, or
escheat; and so far, is against the laws of forfeiture and escheat.
To transmit personal
chattels to successors, in a certain line; and so far, is against the laws
7. To give them the sole and exclusive right of
banking, under the national authority, is against the laws of
To communicate to them a power to make laws, paramount to the laws of the
states; for so they must be construed, to protect the institution from the control
of the state legislatures; and so probably they will be construed.
I consider the foundation of the Constitution as laid on this ground -
that all powers not delegated to the US, by the Constitution, nor prohibited by
it to the states, are reserved to states, or the people. To take a single step
beyond the boundaries drawn around the powers of Congress, is to take
possession of a boundless field of
power, no longer susceptible of any definition.
The incorporation of
a bank, and the powers assumed by this bill, have not, in my opinion, been
delegated to the United States by the Constitution." - Thomas Jefferson,
February 15, 1791
1796 First Bank has control of the American
money supply for 5 years.
this time the US government has borrowed $8,200,000 from this central bank, and
prices in America have increased by 72%.
"I wish it were possible to
obtain a single amendment to our Constitution taking from the US government
their power of borrowing." -
Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State
1798 Mayer Amschel Rothschild sends his son
Nathan to England with a sum of money
equivalent to £20,000 to set up a money exchange there.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their philosophical ideology.
This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of
the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion
based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no
supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world central banking system, corporate media worldwide, the
global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the
collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction
of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation.
Coöperation does not occur at the
point of a
American social mores and values have declined precipitously
over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and
more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been
preprogrammed into the population through prior corporate media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the
destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and
coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully.
Opinion and thoughts
have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited
and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but
has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making
his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain
copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our
efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political,
economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe
this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for
in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C.
Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without
profit to those who have
expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research
and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved