The chairman of the Federal Reserve Ben Salom
Bernanke suggests that we turn over our sovereignty to the
Bank of International
Bernanke suggests we take the advise of the Financial Stability Forum, a
small secretariat housed at the Bank for International Settlements in Basel,
"I will not say much about the international
dimensions of the issue but will take as self-evident that, in light of the
global nature of financial institutions and markets, the reform of financial
regulation and supervision should be coordinated internationally to the
greatest extent possible." - Ben Salom
Bernanke speaking to the Council on
Foreign Relations 03/10/09
work at selling the public the idea that recessions and/or depressions are a
natural part of what they call the "business cycle".
This is simply not
depressions occur due to the manipulation of the
are privately owned and operated.
Central banks refuse the scrutiny of state
regulators - no one knows whose money (if
there actually is reserves) - the central banks use and no one has
ever been allowed to audit the
fungible assets in their database
55 BC "The budget should be
balanced, the Treasury should be refilled, public debt should be reduced, the
arrogance of officialdom should be tempered and controlled, and the assistance
to foreign lands should be curtailed lest Rome become
bankrupt. People must again learn to
work, instead of living on public assistance." - Cicero
"Awareness of the hideous evil of the financiers'
to destroy the soul of humanity is growing." - Richard
Tiberius creates a financial crisis by decreed -
1⁄3 of every senator's fortune be invested in
Jesus uses physical force - the
only time throughout his ministry - to throw the soulless money changers out of
Hebrews could only pay their temple tax with a
half-shekel, a half-ounce of pure silver, about the size of a quarter.
The half-shekel was the only pure
silver coin of assured weight
at that time without the image of a
Jesus threw the soulless
money changers out as their monopoly
on these coins and the methods the soulless money
changers used to extract wealth from their brethren totally violated
the sanctity of the
1024 Medieval England's
money supply is controlled by
The concept of paper money used for trade arrives from
Paper money is a paper
promissary note issued by an Archon or Patrician.
A promissary note
contains a written promise to pay a stated sum to a specified entity, or to the
bearer at a specified date or on demand - it is
The first promissary notes, receipts for gold or silver
deposited, were contracts for delivery to a specified party.
bonds, also promissary notes, are readily transferable contracts for delivery
made to an unidentified bearer
This breaks the tie to any identifiable
deposit of precious
Recognizing only a fraction of depositors of gold ever demand
gold at once they began to loan out paper promissary notes made payable to
Loaning out more money than one possess',
fractional reserves, is the same
as printing money or
owning a money tree
Banking families intermarried to build an international
1100 King Henry I creats a new form of currency in the form of
a "talley stick."
The talley stick currency is in existence for 726
years until 1826 even though other currencies came and went, running alongside
the talley sticks.
The talley stick was a stick of polished wood into
which notches were cut along one side, to indicate the denomination of money
the stick represented.
The stick was then split lengthwise through the
notches, so that both pieces had a record of the notches.
The King kept
½ to protect against counterfeiting and the other half was circulated
into the economy as money.
The talley stick was the most successful
money system in history, as the King demanded that all the King's taxes had to
be paid in, "talley sticks," so this increased their circulation and acceptance
as a legitimate form of money.
one who has borrowed from the Jews any sum, great or small, die before that
loan be repaid, the debt shall not bear interest while the heir is under age,
of whomsoever he may hold; and if the debt fall into our hands, we will not
take anything except the principal sum contained in the bond.
die indebted to the Jews, his wife shall have her dower and pay nothing of that
debt; and if any children of the deceased are left under age, necessaries shall
be provided for them in keeping with the holding of the deceased; and out of
the residue the debt shall be paid, reserving, however, service due to
feudal lords; in
like manner let it be done touching debts due to others than Jews." -
formulation of Magna Carta in England is not an isolated event.
similar statements of law are being made on the Continent.
In form and
content, they ran roughly parallel to the English document, though none was
identical to it.
Among the most nearly contemporary were the Liber
Augustalis, containing the Constitutions of Melfi issued in 1231 by the Emperor
Frederick II for the kingdom of Sicily, and the Golden Bull of Zagreb, issued
by King in 1242 to the towns and cities of Slavonia and Hungary."
were also many others.
Among the best known of them are Philippe de
Beaumanoir's Customs of the Beauvaisis in France, the Siete Partidas in
Castile, the Sachsenspiegel in Germany, the Usatges of Barcelona from
Catalonia, and the laws of King Magnus Ladulas in Sweden.
1225 St. Thomas Aquinas
argues that the charging of interest is wrong because it applies to "double
charging," charging for both the money and the use of the money.
concept followed the teachings of
Aristotle that taught the
purpose of currency was to serve the members of the social culture by
facilitating the exchange of goods and services.
Interest was contrary
to reason and justice because it put an unnecessary burden on the use of money
simply a way to facilitate trade in resources or services.
in Middle Ages Europe
forbade the charging of interest on loans making it a crime called, "usury."
were not allowed by their religion to charge interest on any money lent as this
was considered usury. The Jews were
not so incumbered.
"Usury is the practice
of lending money at excessive interest
rates. This has for
centuries caused great misery and poverty for Gentiles. It has brought
strong condemnation of the Jews!" - Diodorus Siculus Greek
usurers are fast-rooted even in the smallest villages, and if they lend
five gulden they require a security of six times as much. They charge interest,
upon interest, and upon this again interest, so that the poor man loses
everything that he owns." - Desiderius Erasmus
"Jewish usurers bleed the poor
to death and grow fat on their substance." - Bernardino de Feltro
the Mishnah of Moses
Maimonides in the the Book of Judgments Jews are required to not
charge interest to other Jews but to charge interest to a Gentile and to press
the Gentile for payment.
"Turn to the pages of the Talmud and you will
find that they made an art of lending money. They were taught early to look for
their chief happiness in the possession of money. They
fathomed all the secrets that lay hid in money. They became
Lords of Money and Lords of the
World." - Werner Sombart
1275 Edward I of
England issues the Statute of the Jewry outlawing the practice of
"Jews have never, like other people, gone into a wilderness and
built up a land of their own.
In England in the 13th century, under
Edward I, they did not take advantage of the offer by which Edward promised to
give them the very opportunity Jews had been crying for, for centuries."
After imprisoning the entire Jewish population, in his domain for
criminal usury, and debasing the coin of the realm; Edward, before releasing
them, put into effect two new sets of laws.
The first made it illegal
for a Jews in England to loan money at interest.
The second repealed
all the laws which kept Jews from the normal pursuits.
Under these new
statutes Jews could even lease land for a period of 15 years.
advanced this as a test of the Jews sincerity when he claimed that he wanted to
work like other people.
If they proved their fitness
to live like other people
inference was that Edward would let them buy land outright and admit them to
the higher privileges of citizenship.
Did the Jews take advantage of
To get around this law against usury,
they invented such new methods of skinning the
peasants and the nobles that the
outcry against them became greater than ever.
And Edward had to expel
them to avert a civil war.
It is not recorded that one Jew took
advantage of the right to till the soil." -
1381 Peasants Revolt: Raging mobs
seized tax-enforcing judges and clerks and paraded their heads, minus the rest
of them, on pikes through the streets of English towns.
buildings where tax records are stored are destroyed.
Large numbers of tax bureaucrats were killed
in often creative ways.
The rebels amassed an army, assaulted the
capital, seized the Tower of London, and killed the king's two highest finance
officials, the Lord Chancellor and the Lord High Treasurer.
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain sign a decree expelling all Jews who refuse to
convert to Christianity.
A considerable number move to
members of the migrant Jewish
community in Portugal proceeded to become wealthy in commercially
successful Portuguese port cities.
Being forced to move, Jewish
families remained mobile and quickly developed international family agencies
for growing brokerage houses
involved with shipping.
Family networks of mobile Jewish "lombards"
migrated from port city to city during the Spanish Inquisition and forged
Most European cities still have a street named
Lombard street after the pawn shop that once housed there.
the name for a pawn shop is still lommerd, and the same
etymology persists in
the names of various banks (unless named after some family).
and Russian, a pawn shop is called simply lombard.
refers to the historical use of the term 'Lombard' for a pawn shop in the
Middle Ages, a type of banking that originated with the prosperous northern
Italian region of Lombardy.
In France the Lombards became synonymous
with the Cahorsins.
Cahors became prominent in the Middle Ages as a
major banking center of medieval Europe.
Cahorsin money lenders were
among the most infamous for charging interest on their loans.
was foreigner-controlled, which made the city very international, with
merchants and traders from Venice, Ragusa, Spain and Portugal.
had a policy of toleration, which attracted a large Haredi Jewish
The Haredi, or Hasidic, lived concentrated in
the city center in an area close to the Antwerp Central railway station.
This neighborhood is also sometimes known as "Jewish
Its main attraction was its close proximity to the diamond
bourse, where in a large part of the Jewish community worked.
King Henry VIII succeeds King Henry VII to the
Henry VIII the Church of England separates from
Roman Catholicism, whose law
preventes the charging of interest on money.
King Henry VIII relaxes
the laws regarding usury and the soulless money changers waste no time in
re-asserting themselves by flooding the economy with gold and silver coins.
"No people under the sun are more greedy than they are, than they have been and
always will be, as one can see from their accursed usury.
and authorities sit and snore with open mouths and let the Jews take, steal and
rob what they want out of their open purses and chests.
That is, they
permit themselves and their subjects to be skinned and sucked dry by the Jews'
usury, and make themselves, with their own money, beggars in their own State.
The Jews have got our money and property, and are therefore our masters
in our own land." -
1553 Queen Mary I succeeds Lady Jane Grey's
nine day reign to the throne in England.
During her reign, Queen Mary
I, a staunch Catholic, tightens the usury laws.
soulless money changers, not
amused, hoard gold and silver coins thus creating economic contraction.
1558 Queen Elizabeth I succeeds Queen Mary I,
her half sister, to the throne in England.
During her reign Queen
Elizabeth I takes control of the money
supply by issuing gold and silver coin.
The soulless money changers in the Netherlands establish the first central bank
in history, in Amsterdam.
The central bank of Amsterdam finances Oliver
Oliver Cromwell overthrows
King Charles I putting him to death.
Plunged into a costly series of
wars over the next few decades Great Britain sinks
deeper into debt.
The soulless money changers
foreclose on a square mile of
property in the center of London which becomes known as the
City of London, an international economic
Following a series of squabbles with the Stuart Kings, Charles
II (1660 - 1685) and James II (1685 - 1688) the soulless money changers
conspire with counterparts in Amsterdam who
finance an invasion
led by William of Orange of the Netherlands.
William of Orange ascends
to the throne in England as William
William III orders the British Treasury to borrow £ 1,250,000.
return King William III issues the international bankers a Royal Charter for a
new central Bank of England.
This Royal Charter permits the
international bankers to
consolidate the British National debt with a £ 1,250,000 loan by securing
payments of interest and principal through
direct taxation of the
The Royal Charter forbids private goldsmiths from storing
gold and issuing paper promissary notes made payable to the bearer.
Bank of England, named for the purpose of
deceiving the general public, is a privately chartered
Like all privately chartered joint stock
incorporation the Bank of England sells
shares to get started.
The private investors purportedly tender £
1,250,000 in gold coins to buy their shares in the central bank. £
750,000 is ever registered.
Despite the £ 500,000 shortfall the
central bank is chartered.
"The Bank hath benefit of interest on all
monies which it creates out of nothing." - William Paterson founder
The Bank of England amounted to nothing less than the legal
counterfeiting of a national currency for private gain.
Any country falling under a private
central bank controlled system eventually amounts to nothing more than a
England attacks the talley stick system.
1698 British Treasury owes £16,000,000 to the
Bank of England.
International bankers have
gained control of the economy of England:
Suppose the money in
circulation in a country is £5,000,000.
A central bank is set up
and prints another £15,000,000.
The value of the initial
£5,000,000 in circulation is now only 25% of the currency in
The bank controls 75% of the currency in circulation with
£15,000,000 in loans.
asset price inflation accompanied by
a reduction in value of money held in
common due to the economy being flooded with new money.
Asset price inflation is an economic phenomenon
denoting a rise in price of assets, as opposed to ordinary goods and
assets are financial instruments such as
bonds, shares, and their
derivatives, as well as real estate and
other capital goods.
"It was Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of
the treasury, who compromised the new nation, through what he admitted was
"corruption," by giving the wealthy speculators in Revolutionary War bonds the
benefit of federally-sponsored redemption and then by establishing the First
Bank of the US. This early drift toward elitist rule was opposed by Thomas
Madison, and others." - Richard C. Cook1764
Franklin is asked by officials of the
Bank of England to
explain the prosperity of
"That is simple. In the Colonies we issue our own
money. It is called Colonial Scrip. We issue it in proper proportion to the
demands of trade and industry to make the products pass easily from the
producers to the consumers. In this manner creating for ourselves our own paper
money, we control its purchasing power, and we
have no interest to pay." - Benjamin Franklin
Parliament passes the Currency Act of 1764.
Currency Act of 1764 prohibits colonial officials from issuing their own
money and orders them to pay all future taxes in gold or silver coins.
Due to the prohibition on the issuance of paper money by the colonies
under the Currency Act of 1764 - real
estate owners who could not pay their taxes lost their land.
Morton, a sheriff of Chester County in Pennsylvania who would sign the
Independence, seized 180 farms between 1766 and 1769.
is divided into three classes: those that are
those that are movable, and
those that move." -
1769 William IX, Landgrave of
Hesse-Cassell, hires Mayer Amschel Bauer to supervise the operation of his
properties and tax-gathering.
war starts in Lexington, Massachusetts.
10 years of British taxation has
drained the colonies of silver and gold coins.
government has no choice
but to print money.
At the start of the revolution the American money
supply stood at $12,000,000.
By the end of the war the American money
supply had been expanded to nearly $500,000,000 and as a result the currency
was virtually worthless.
Colonial Scrip worked as just enough was
printed to facilitate trade.
Constitution established a
basic currency unit, the dollar, constitutionally mandated to be a silver coin
based on the Spanish pillar dollar and to contain 375 grains of silver.
This single provision was designed to keep the American money supply
out of the hands of the international banking
1781 Continental Congress is
desperate for monetary balance, so they allowed Robert Morris, their Financial
Superintendent, to open a privately owned central bank, in the hope this would
sort out the money problem.
Robert Morris, son of the wealthy
Robert Morris Sr., had grown wealthier during the revolution by trading in war
This first central bank in America is called the Bank of
North America, which is set up with a four year charter, and is closely modeled
after the Bank of England.
The Bank of North America's charter called
for private investors to put up $400,000 of initial hard capital, which Robert
Morris Jr., the war profiteer, found himself unable to raise from American
interests as all the gold and silver had been sent to England as taxes.
Robert Morris used his political influence to have gold loaned to the
new US government by France deposited into the new Bank of North America to use
1782 Alexander Hamilton graduates
law school and goes to work as an aide to Robert Morris, who stated, "a
national debt if it is not excessive will be to us a national blessing."
"The primary definition of a central bank is a banking system in which
a single bank has either a complete
or residuary monopoly in the note issue." - Vera C. Smith , Committee
for Monetary Research and Education
Robert Morris' privately owned Bank of North America fails to solve the
problem. Continental Congress chooses not to renew the charter.
institution, having no
principle but that of avarice, will never
be varied in its objective to engross all the wealth, power and influence of
the state." - William Findlay
Mayer Amschel Rothschild moves his family
home to a five story home in Frankfurt, Germany, which he shares with the
A descendant of both
Jacob Hirsch Schiff, is
instrumental in the setting up of the Federal
Reserve 128 years later.
leaders assemble in Philadelphia to replace the
Confederation with the Constitution.
Governor Morris, along with
Robert Morris and Alexander Hamilton, had presented the original plan for the
Bank of North America to the Continental Congress in the final year of the
"The rich will strive to establish their dominion and
enslave the rest. They will have the same effect here as elsewhere, if we do
not, by the power of government, keep them in their proper spheres." - Governor
Morris in a letter to James
Madison dated July 2nd
James Madison opposes a privately owned
central bank after seeing the exploitation of the people
by the Bank of
Alexander Hamilton, Robert Morris and
Thomas Willing, convince the bulk of the delegates to the Constitutional
convention, not to give Congress the power to issue paper money.
1788 Prominent French
refuse to extend necessary short term credit to the government, and
they arrange to have shipments of grain and
food to Paris delayed which triggers the hunger riots.
the French Revolution, in which a
new ruling class emerged, driven by
political and actual terrorism.
As its violence grew so too did discontentment with the Revolutionary
Regime and its stability and sustainability was in question.
1791 Newly appointed First Secretary of the Treasury,
Alexander Hamilton, proposed a bill to the Congress calling for a new privately
owned central bank.
Alexander Hamilton manages to get a new privately
owned central bank through the new Congress.
The Bank of North America
becomes the First Bank of the US.
Baron James de Rothschild of Paris
was the principal investor.
Robert Morris controlled it, Thomas Willing
was the Bank's President.
"The bill for establishing a national bank undertakes, among other
1. To form the subscribers into a corporation.
enable them, in their corporate capacities,
to receive grants of lands; and, so far, is against the laws of mortmain.
3. To make alien subscribers capable of holding lands; and so far is
against the laws of alienage.
4. To transmit these lands, on the death
of a proprietor, to a certain line of successors changes the course of
5. To put the lands out of the reach of forfeiture, or
escheat; and so far, is against the laws of forfeiture and escheat.
To transmit personal chattels to
successors, in a certain line; and so far, is against the laws of
7. To give them the sole and exclusive right of banking,
under the national authority, is against the laws of
To communicate to them a power to make laws, paramount to the laws of the
states; for so they must be construed, to protect the institution from the control
of the state legislatures; and so probably they will be construed.
I consider the foundation of the Constitution as laid on this ground -
that all powers not delegated to the US, by the Constitution, nor prohibited by
it to the states, are reserved to the states, or to the people. To take a
single step beyond the boundaries thus specially drawn around the powers of
Congress, is to take possession of a boundless field of power, no longer
susceptible of any definition.
The incorporation of a bank, and the
powers assumed by this bill, have not, in my opinion, been delegated to the
United States by the Constitution." - Thomas Jefferson, February 15, 1791
1796 First Bank of the US has
been controlling the American money supply
for 5 years.
During this time the US government has borrowed $8,200,000
from this central bank, and prices in America have increased by 72%.
wish it were possible to obtain a single amendment to our Constitution taking
from the US government their power of
borrowing." - Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State
1798 Mayer Amschel Rothschild sends
his son Nathan to England with a sum of
money equivalent to £20,000 to set up a money exchange there.
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