Roman Empire

Gnosticism and the Roman Empire


Minute Faith ~ Gnosticism

The Law: Sovereigns, time to stand up! Reclaim your rights!

"Roman influence divested Christianity of some of its profound primeval psychological knowledge. Christian fellowships developing under different cultural conditions created forms so variegated that maintaining unity turned out to be an historical impossibility." - Andrew M. Lobaczewski

"It used to be thought absolutely necessary that all the inhabitants of a country should have the same religion, but we now know that there is no such necessity." - Bertrand Russell

Human beings have grappled with the Mystery of Life for over a hundred thousand years.

In the far distant reaches of the Golden Age human beings knew the secrets of the Mysteries of Life and lived a blessed life in communion with the Creator and Sustainer and Nature until there arose a new human mutation.

This human mutation had a partitioned mind as it had been deprived of direct access to its sensory mechanisms in lieu of greater social skills.

The Veil of Appearances dropped. Adam and Eve were ejected from The Garden.

No longer could this transformed mind sense the pulsing energies, wavefroms and frequencies around it.

Instead it experienced vague, occcasionally undefined, feelings - what modern men call Emotion.

For 2,000 years ago a wide ranging Gnostic tradition flourished among all the cultures of the ancient Mediterranean. City states surrounding the Mediterranean had been trading, conquering and synthesizing each other for centuries.

Plato described the peoples of the Mediterranean as "frogs around a small pond."

Along came Alexander III of Macedonia who transformed the Mediterranean world into essentially one culture through resource confiscation while spreading Greek Hellenistic culture which became the culture of the governors/rulers.

The Gnostic tradition has a common mystical theme which is directly related to right brain sensory immersion.

Gnostics recognize that REALITY IS ALIVE.

In Gnosticism the broad term 'gnostic' is defined as 'knower' which refers to all individuals who have insight into noumenon and although they express their insights in the various metaphors of their diverse cultures, socio-economic groups and subgroups, they all talk about the experience of awakening, of Gnosis, of perceiving Reality as Reality truly is.

It is possible to experience an ultra awake state called 'lucid living'. When living lucidly you are conscious that what you thought was consciousness was, comparatively, a trance or hazy dream. This awakened state is sometimes called 'enlightenment' or 'gnosis'. What physically happens is the human brain is supercharged by enlightenment creating gamma brain waves.

A spark of an epiphany fires the brain supercharging the brain with an experience of the undeniable oneness of all that lives. Magic is undertsood for what it really is - a prayer to the gods. Many times mythological narratives are lain out and seen for their ultimate truth. The step that mankind is now mired in that needs to be overcome due to it inherent limitations is rational consciousness. And finally one steps into the final phase of consciousness in which one understands how all the levels of consciousness are integrated.

With that spark of an epiphany an understanding of the all embracing compassion that the Creator and Sustainer has shown for all life simply through granting inanimate matter a living existence descends from heaven.

It is an experience in which the individual Eternal Soul is granted Creator and Sustainer's divine grace - a rebirth into Reality in which the unique beauty of Reality is seen as it truly is, in which the individual stands in awe of Creator and Sustainer's power, a Reality in which one is overcome by Creator and Sustainer's divine mercy, a Reality permeated with Creator and Sustainer's Eternal Spirit.

Gnosis is not primarily rational knowledge. The Greek language distinguishes between scientific or reflective knowledge ("He knows mathematics") and knowing through observation and experience ("He knows me"), which is Gnosis. As the Gnostic use the term, we could translate it as "insight," for Gnosis involves an intuitive process of Knowing Oneself.

To Knowing Oneself is to know Human Nature and understand Humanity. Critically thinking individuals often inspired the formation of small groups dedicated to awakening humanity to the beauty of living in accord with Gnosis.

Most ancient sacred texts are collections of conceptual understanding in narrative myth format. At the foundational cores we find unimaginably older conceptual structures with later ideological structures grafted or built upon them. Hebrew mystics formed a school of thought in Alexandria, Egypt, and it is they who synthesized the Hebrew and Hellenistic mythology, producing rather distinctive variations on the more ancient forms.

Apostolic Catholic Christianity evolved out of the inter-racial emanational and incarnational salvific monotheism that coarsed through the Mediterranean trading federations with the coming of the Gnostic Mystery of Jesus Christ.

This approach was, from the beginning, contaminated by certain ponerological elements that allowed it to be easily distorted. In particularly it was contaminated with psychotic darkness of the Zaddikim. Those familiar with ponerology can understand those elements as the work of schizoidal psychopaths. Those elements were present in the Hebrew literature - a schizoidal take on writing a sacred narrative history to explain religious conceptual structures after the model of Herodotus - and this was blended with the purer, Pagan Gnosticism.

The circular logic of exegesis demanded the invention of the Demiurge to explain the ejection from the Garden.

The conceptual construct that Creation was deliberately created faulty on purpose to torture humanity was designed to allow the ascendency of the priestly elite of the cult of Yahweh. The schizoidal work of psychopaths first becomes obvious when the Cult of Yahweh wins the battle for 'hearts and minds' and the Hebrews leave the desert and descend on the unlucky Cannanites.

Under the influence of the Hellenic Greek cultural worldview, certain Hebrew mystics sought to find greater depth in the Hebrew "history" than that which had already been produced. The allegedly historical Israel was created to support the agenda of a religious priesthood-clique seeking power and as it was to gather support from the masses it was necessary to fake the history of the tribes of Israel which was produced from many tribal tales and legends , genealogies created and added in order to portray a very disparate group of tribes as "one". These are the books known as the Old Testament in the Latin Vulgate.

The first five books are considered Torah: Bereshit ("In [the] beginning", Genesis), Shemot ("Names", Exodus), Vayikra ("He called", Leviticus), Bamidbar ("In the desert", Numbers) and Devarim ("Words", Deuteronomy).

True Torah Hebrews reject all other Old Testament books as Alexanderian Hebrew Gnostic additions. Interestingly as the Torah, in particularly Bereshit/Genesis, is based on even older Sumerian and Akkadian creation myths.

esoteric versus exoteric

The last synthesis of inter-racial emanational and incarnational salvific monotheism produced the Alexandrian Hebrew Gnostic cult of Serapis centered at Alexandria which eventualy evolved into Catholicism. The tradition of Serapis was an amalgamation and synthesis of all the traditions of the tribes surrounding the Mediterranean which resulted in the inter-racial emanational and incarnational salvific monotheism, which was the indigenous form of what Hindus think of as Vaishnavism, Shaivism and Shaktism. The tradition of monotheism goes back to Akhenaten the Heretic, husband of Nefertiti and father of Tutankhamen. There are many similarities between Serapis and Yahweh the first being Serapis was a supreme god.

The Alexandrian Hebrew Gnostic cult of Serapis declared their history to have an even deeper level of mystical allegory. They used a magic form of exegesis claiming to be inheritors of secret mystical teachings passed down from their own great Gnostic Master, Moses. They went so far as to claim that the great Pagan philosophers had originally received their wisdom from Moses and that all other intellectual advances were thanks to the Hebrews - God's Chosen Ones. Under the temple of Serapis archeologists unearthed strange mechanical contrivances within a Labryrinth which indicate severe "testing" of the initiates reminiscent of a modern hospital - or a torture dungeon.

Many things are obscured and incomprehensible in a world that came to be dominated by synthetically cobbled together religious traditions. It is not likely that these early Hebrew Gnostics recognized the slow-acting poison of the schizoidal remaking incorporated into their history that they now proposed to study as allegory. Of course it was very much allegory because it originated as the myths of other peoples!

"The Christians and the worshippers of Serapis are the same." - Roman Emperor Hadrian

The Alexandrian Hebrews of Second Temple Judaism that were reformulating their religion to be universally inclusive were known as the Therapeutae and the Essenes which the Hebrew Gnostic, Philo, described as two branches of a single school of the Gnostic Mystery philosophy of the Alexandrian Hebrew Gnosticism of the Serapis, which also spawned the Sadducee high priest cult of the Zaddikim later destroyed at Massada by the the Roman governor of Iudaea, Lucius Flavius Silva.

Philo derived the name Therapeutae/Therapeutides from the related adjective therapeutikos meaning of attending to heal, or treating in a spiritual or medical sense.

The Hebrew historian, Josephus, tells us that the Essenes were comparable to the Pythagoreans. Philo, the Hebrew Gnostic, was known as "the Pythagorean." Philo used Stoic philosophical allegory and Pharisaic exegesis in attempt to fuse and harmonize Greek philosophy with Hebrew philosophy. They honored not only their own master, Moses, but also followed the Pagan philosopher, Pythagoras. Pythagoras is credited with the theory of the functional significance of numbers in the objective world and in music.

The Zaddikim high priests encouraged and informed the Essenes.

The Essenes penned The Dead Sea Scrolls.

The Dead Sea Scrolls portray a central role for 'the sons of Zadok the Priest' within the community. The 'Teacher of Righteousness' , Moreh Zedek, is named as the founder. "To be as one in following the Law and (sharing) wealth and reconcilling (based on) the mouth of the sons of Tzadok the keepers of the covenant" from the Community Rule document suggest that the leaders of the community were sons of Zadok.

Rabbinical commentators explain that the continuity of high priesthood is put forth to the descendants of Phineas.

The Bible states that Zadok was a patrilineal descendant of Eleazar the son of Aaron the high priest.

The Essenes mistakenly took both Greek and Hebrew mythology literally, as opposed to metaphorically.

The synthetic result ended in slavationist Pauline Christianity.

The irony is precious as the prophet Ezekiel extols the sons of Zadok to be staunch opponents of paganism during the era of pagan worship and indicates their birthright to 'unique duties and privileges in the future temple' (Ezekiel 42:13, 43:19).

"Unique duties and privileges" inform the Zaddikim.

The Pythagorean Mysteries formulated principles that influenced the thought of Plato and Aristotle and contributed to the development of mathematics and Western rational philosophy. The bulk of the mystic tradition that originating with Pythagoras himself belongs to mystical wisdom rather than to scientific scholarship but did lead to the recognition of the incommensurability of the side and diagonal of a square, for example, and the Pythagorean theorem for right triangles.

Today the Essene tradition lives on in Kabbalah. At the foundation of the Sephirot, the Tree of Life, or Etz haChayim we find the Pythagorean Mysteries and the numerology of the Babylonians, which the Pharisees allowed to creep into the exegesis used to decipher hidden meaning deep within the sacred text when they were exhiled in Babylon before the Second Temple period.

The near collapse of the Roman Empire between 235 and 284 was caused by three simultaneous crises: external invasion, internal civil war, and economic collapse. The changes in the institutions, social culture and religion were so profound and fundamental, that the "Crisis of the Third Century" is seen as the historical dividing line between the classical world and the early medieval world.

Diocletian took control of the Roman Empire in 284. Emperor Diocletian, after watching numerous internal struggles for power which culminated in civil wars, understood that most of shifts in the balance of power were facilitated by soldiers personal allegiance to charismatic commanders which stemmed from the brotherhood experienced by soldiers belonging both to the military and to the secret fellowship of the Mysteries of Mithras.

The worship of Mithras, the emissary of light who symbolized the dissemination of life giving forces in the face of the powers of darkness and chaos fit neatly within the soldiers calling of bringing Roman "law and order" to a chaotic evil world.

The Mithras Mysteries emissary of light was a life-death-rebirth deity also known as a "dying-and-rising" or "resurrection" deity, a son of the God of Creation.

The Vatican is built upon ground previously devoted to the worship of Mithras.

The Orthodox Christian hierarchy is nearly identical to the Mithraic version.

Virtually all of the elements of Orthodox Christian rituals, from miter, wafer, water baptism, alter, and doxology, were adopted from the Mysteries of Mithras and earlier pagan mystery religions.

The Mysteries of Mithras preceded Christianity by roughly six hundred years. They covered a large portion of the ancient world and flourished until being superseded by Constantine's Imperial version of Christianity.

lion and lamb

Jesus with lion, lamb and cannabis incensor

The Messianic Idea of a Savior originated in ancient Persia.

Mithra, Son of the Sun God of ancient Persia, had the following karmic similarities with Jesus:

Mithra presided over an Eucharist or "Lord's Supper."

Mithra was identified with both the lion and the lamb.

Mithra was represented as a beautiful youth and a Mediator.

Mithra was born on December 25th as an offspring of the Sun.

Mithra, a great traveling teacher and master, had twelve companions and performed miracles.

Mithra was called "the good shepherd, "the way, the truth and the light, redeemer, savior, Messiah."

Mithra held the highest rank among the gods of ancient Persia creating a trinity with the gods Ormuzd - the Good and Ahriman - the Evil.

Persian magi

"Mithra seems to have owed his prominence to the belief that he was the source of life, and could also redeem the souls of the dead into the better world ... The ceremonies included a sort of baptism to remove sins, anointing, and a sacred meal of bread and a consecrated wine, believed to possess wonderful power, played a prominent part. In the catacombs at Rome was preserved a relic of Mithraic worship. An image of the infant Mithra seated in the lap of his virgin mother, while on their knees before him were Persian Magi offering gifts. Mithra was buried in a tomb and after three days he rose again. His resurrection was celebrated every year on what was later to become Easter. His sacred day was Sunday, "the Lord's Day." - The International Encyclopedia

Emperor Diocletian recognized that social control had to be based on something more than simply military force, so he sought imperial legitimacy in a new state religion, with himself as divine monarch much as Akhenaten had done 1650 years earlier in Eygpt. To the Romans, the observance of religious rites was a public duty even though Roman state religious beliefs were founded on a chaotic unconnected inconsistent pagan mythological tradition adopted from Greek models and cross-pollinated with influences from all the religions of the regions the Roman Empire had conquered.

Secret societies and mystery brotherhoods were a threat to Emperor Diocletian's power so he aligned himself with the Mysteries of Mithras outlawing all others. Emperor Diocletian declared himself Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) and later equated himself to the paternal father god of Rome, Rome's Great Father and Savior (Juppiter Optimus Maximus Soter); the patron deity of the Imperial Roman state. By outlawing the Eleusinian Mysteries, and the Gnostic Christian Mysteries and declaring himself a divine intercessor - a god brought to life on Earth - Emperor Diocletian hoped to gain social control through religious unification . By dividing the Roman Empire into West and East and taking personal control of the East in 292 Emperor Diocletian hoped to retain control of the eastern Imperial Roman territories.

Emperor Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial religion. Emperor Diocletian ordered all Gnostic Christian churches to be destroyed, all Gnostic Christian books to be burned and Gnostic Christians themselves were denied the protection offered other citizens by Roman law. Gnostic Christians were arrested, tortured, mutilated, burned, starved, and forced into gladiatorial contests in purges until 311.

In 306, Constantine started a civil war in the West, which he won in 312. When Constantine won the decisive battle he needed a great and powerful father god, a god unrelated to the father god of Emperor Diocletian. Constantine chose an Imperial Christian god first modeled by the Zaddikim, a god different from the God of the Gnostics, as his benefactor.

"The Empire that emerged under Diocletian and Constantine was administered by a government that was larger, more complex, more highly organized, and that commandered larger and more powerful military forces. It taxed its citizens more heavily, conscripted their labor, and regulated their lives and their occupations. It was a coercive, omnipresent, all-powerful organization that subdued individual interests and levied all resources toward one overarching goal: THE SURVIVAL OF THE STATE." - Joseph A. Tainter

The Freedom of Religion rescripting Edict was issued in 313(freedom of, not freedom from, religion)

"Our purpose is to grant both to the Christians and to all others full authority to follow whatever worship each person has desired, whereby whatsoever Divinity dwells in heaven may be benevolent and propitious to us, and to all who are placed under our authority. Therefore we thought it salutary and most proper to establish our purpose that no person whatever should be refused complete toleration, who has given up his mind either to the cult of the Christians or to the religion which he personally feels best suited to himself. It is our pleasure to abolish all conditions whatever which were embodied in former orders directed to your office about the Christians, that every one of those who have a common wish to follow the religion of the Christians may from this moment freely and unconditionally proceed to observe the same without any annoyance or disquiet."- Edict of Milan, 313 AD (rescript issued under Licinius at the behest of Constantine)

Christians in independent, "free" churches have long regarded the Constantinian revolution as little short of the fall of Christianity, a Babylonian captivity of Christianity to State power - almost as calamitous as the fall of Adam and Eve.

One thing is clear: The unqualified toleration for all decreed at Milan did not last long, nor has it often prevailed in later centuries. The rescript's noble sentiments cemented into the foundations of the highest Western cutural ideals first sketched by the Christian philosopher Lactantius: that coercion and true religious faith don't mix because "God wishes to be adored by people who are free".

325 Anno Domini Constantine took the eastern half of the Roman Empire from Licinius, his brother-in-law, by 324 and ruled the entire Roman Empire until his death in 337. Constantine summoned the Council of Nicaea which defined "Nicene Christianity," basically Pauline Christianity, as the Nicene Creed. This synthesis of Mediterranean mythology, a combination of the Mithras Mysteries, Hellenism, Judaism and Gnosticism further corrupted by the Zaddikim was designed to direct the passions of the right brain into subservience to the State while partitioning the left brain into the proper cubicles required for the enrichment of the State.

The Nicene Creed carried the razor sharp leading edge of human social control philosophy of the major philosophical/religious groups on the stage of Roman Empire at the time it was compiled and edited through the use of the schizoidal victim-perpetrator ponerolgy seen in the figurehead of the 'most perfect righteous Ones'.

In essence you have competing dialecticisms of two incongruent sets that cause fragmentation of both the conscious and the subconscious which thickens the Veil of Cognitive Blindness creating cognitive bias and cognitive blindness; illusions, fallacies, effects and miscellaneous thought patterns that lead to errors in judgement.

The decree of the Imperial Roman Catholic monopoly as intercessors to God sought to integrate diverse social cultural traditions with intent of creating a unified social culture in the hope of ending the constant political strife.

(Note: When the first Monarchy (mono) collapsed and the first Repubic was founded opposing political camps emerged (duality). Political 'strife' will always be a factor in every human grouping as each group holds different values and strives toward, possibly opposing, goals.)

Constantine, the first imperial Christian Emperor, only allowed himself to be baptized on his death bed in the hope that he would avoid eternal damnation by being unable to sin after being baptized.

Power was fractured again under Constantine's sons. Although the throne was intermitently unified under Julian and Valentinian I, among others.

The last pagan emperor, Julian saw the destruction of Mediterranean civilization in the nihilistic forces of imperial Christianity, driving the people to be the 'most perfect righteous Ones', and attempted to reverse the direction Roman social culture was headed by repealing the edicts that only imperial Christianity may be practiced.

Imperial Christian Emperor Valentinian I found it hard to govern the entire Roman Empire so he gave his brother, Valens, control of the East. imperial Christian Emperor Valens ordered the governor of Minor Asia to exterminate all the Hellenes and all documents of their wisdom - wisdom being considered heretical. In Antioch, among many other Hellenes, the ex-governor Fidustius and the priests Hilarius and Patricius were executed. Tons of scrolls were burnt in the squares of the cities of the Eastern Roman Empire. All the associates of last pagan emperor Julian were persecuted (Orebasius, Sallustius, Pegasius etc.), the philosopher Simonides was burned alive and the philosopher Maximus was decapitated.

Emperor Valens hubris was his undoing. Emperor Valens made the fatal mistake of underestimating the Goths who killed Valens and wiped out his forces at the Battle of Adrianople.

roman empire

The last man to attempt reunification and succeed was Roman Catholic Emperor Theodosius I.

Upon Emperor Theodosius I death in 395 the division between the East and West became permanent.

In yet another vain attempt to unify the social culture of the Roman Empire through religious conformity Roman Catholic Emperor Theodosius I commissioned Pope Damasus I and the Council of Rome, which took place in 381, to name the Hebrew books and the books about Jesus that were to be included in the Latin Vulgate. Saint Jerome translated the Greek into Latin. Imperial Roman Catholic intolerance of other belief systems was crucial to its own success and necessary in the eyes of Emperor Theodosius I and Pope Damasus I who continued to systematically eradicate practitioners of any religion other than the state religion as their recent imperial Christian predecessors had done. All other religions, except Judaism, were condemned and practitioners are executed.

Not to be overlooked is the most important decree:

No divination.

No weather forecasting !

No one may engage in predictions.

No trend analysis ! !

No prophecy !!!

"Science is essentially prophecy. - Alan Watts

Judaism was unaffected as Talmudic law, later codified as the Mishnah Torah of Moses Maimonides, commands Talmudists not to practice divination, "black" magic, soothsaying, the charmer's art, not to consult the dead, a ghost or a familiar spirit and are not to practice witchcraft. For any question about the future all Christian citizens were told to open the Latin Vulgate, while Hebrew citizens were told to study the Talmudic commentaries as only there could the answer be found. (The Mishnah Torah of Moses Maimonides did not disallow "white magic".

Imperial Christian priests lead a imperial Christian mob against the temple of Goddess Demeter in Eleusis and attempted to execute the hierophants Nestorius and Priskus. The 95 years old hierophant Nestorius ends the Eleusinian mysteries and announces the predominance of spiritual darkness over the human race.

In Constantinople, the temple of goddess Aphrodite is turned into a brothel and the Temples of Sun and Artemis into stables.

The mysteries of Samothrace are ended and the priests slaughtered.

Maternus Cynegius scours the East sacking and destroying hundreds of Hellenic temples, shrines and altars. Among others they destroy the temple of Edessa, the Cabeireion of Imbros, the temple of Zeus in Apamea, temple of the Semitic Moon-god Sin at the citadel of Carrhae on the Persian border, the temple of Apollo in Dydima and all the temples of Palmyra.

All pagan temples, including all Mithraeum, are destroyed.

The philosopher Olympius leads a revolt in Alexandria. In response imperial Roman Catholics demolish the temple of Serapis (The Serapeion) which is believed to have housed the Library of Alexandria.

All nonconforming sacred scrolls and books are burned.

Private ownership of pagan sculpture is outlawed.

Hypatia of Alexandria is stripped naked and dragged through the streets by an imperial Christian mob, flayed with ostrakois and set ablaze while still alive. A Neoplatonist philosopher, she followed the school characterized by the 3rd century Plotinus discouraging mysticism while encouraging logical and mathematical studies. Hailed as a "valiant defender of science in the face of the religious postulates," some suggest that her murder marked the end of the Hellenistic Age of Reason.

The Gnostic Christian sanctuary on the Euphrates is burned.

Gnostic Christian belief systems are condemned and outlawed.

Gnostic Christian mysteries, Mithras mysteries, Eleusinian mysteries and all other mystery cults are banned.

Gnostic Christians believe that God - the true, ultimate and transcendent God - It who is beyond all created universes - "emanated" or brought forth from within Itself all substance, visible and invisible. Its emantions permeate reality. All things share It in common.

This was anathema to the imperial Roman Catholic dogma of Emperor Theodosius I as imperial Roman Catholic dogma taught that man had been seperated from God in the Garden of Eden. Seperation from God always renews power of state religious institutions as the common man must now go through an intercessor - an intercessor serving in an official government religious position.

Gnostic Christians believed that each and every human could experience God personally - a personal god - which of course leads to no need for intercessors. And without intercessors there is really no need for an institutionalized Imperial Roman Catholic religion.

Like most religions gnosticism is commonly misunderstood and misdefined by modern imperial Christians theologians.

Imperial Christian theologians put out false information - they always have and always will. Roman Catholic Christian theologians coined the word propaganda.

All religions theologians look at all other religions through the prism of their own religion.

When this occurs ancient religions are seen as a spectrum of separate colors because modern theologians do not have the ability to 'see' the religion as the religions adherents at the historical period saw it, as a pure white light , not through a prism or in other words, through a glass darkly.

Gnosticism is reserved for groups that might have used it to describe themselves, but often the term is used more widely to identify groups emphasizing the self-redemptive benefit of individual wisdom.

Gnostic Christians believe that the Creator and Sustainer is found through knowledge - knowledge gained through the observation in the experience of living.

If you want no questions asked, you demand blind obedience and blind faith, knowledge is not something that you want your flock to have.

Knowledge breeds critical thinking and critical thinking reveals the fallacies that have been presented as truth.

And that is why any scholar that attempted to translate the Bible and bring it to the common man was condemned, excommunicated and occasionally burned at the stake by the imperial Christian Inquistion.

Martin Luther was excommunicated by Leo X on January 3, 1521. Martin Luther's translation of the New Testament was published in German in September 1522.

In 1526 a full edition of the New Testament was translated into English by William Tyndale. William Tyndale was tried on a charge of heresy in 1536 and condemned to be burned at the stake. William Tyndale was strangled and his dead body burnt on October 6, 1536.

The Roman Catholic heirarchy has believed, since Emperor Theodosius I set an example, that the only way to retain control of the social culture is to outlaw any concept or idea that does not fit within the express dogma as defined by Pope Damasus I and the Council of Rome in 382. (Later modified through new interpretation in much the same way as the Talmud.)

This mindset, that all members of social culture must adhere to a common theological belief system, led in fact to the Dark Ages in Europe which basically occurred because the imperial Christian Roman Emperors in search of power and control ordered most of the true knowledge accumulated by all the ancient cultures surrounding the Mediterranean destroyed in the quest to create a uniform conforming social culture.

One detail that helps show the severity of the amount of scientific and technological information that was lost in the purge of knowledge by the Roman Catholics: The secret of concrete was lost for 13 centuries until rediscovered in 1756 by John Smeaton and John Smeaton's concrete lasts a hundred years whereas early Roman concrete lasts centuries - even underwater !
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