Childhood Trauma Leads to Brains Wired for Fear

Be scared.

You can't help that.

But don't be afraid.

Ain't nothing in the woods

going to hurt you unless you corner it

or it smells that you are afraid.

William Faulkner

Weapon of Fear

Brain rides seesaw of fear

Brain is able to put fear in its place

self-described conservative students had a larger amygdala

endocannabinoid system guard against fear, anxiety and stress

2-AG promotes expression of conditioned fear via cannabinoid receptor type 1 on GABAergic neurons

Why People Secretly Fear Creative Ideas

The Politics of Fear – Living in a Terrorama Society

Global threat interactive: What's the world scared of?

Glucocorticoid-endocannabinoid uncoupling mediates fear suppression deficits

These findings suggest that ELS results in an uncoupling of glucocorticoid-endocannabinoid signaling in the hippocampus, which, in turn, relates to alterations in stress regulation of memory recall. These data provide compelling evidence that ELS-induced deficits in the glucocorticoid-endocannabinoid coupling following stress could predispose susceptibility to stress-related psychopathology.

Cannabinoid Modulation of the Stressed Hippocampus

Exposure to stressful situations is one of the risk factors for the precipitation of several psychiatric disorders, including Major Depressive Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Schizophrenia.

The data revised here indicate that the hippocampal eCB signaling contributes to emotional and behavioral flexibility during the exposure to aversive stimuli, functioning as a regulatory buffer system for emotional responses. eCBs are essential players in plastic events involved in the flexibility of hippocampal functions in basal conditions and during stressful situations.

Besides the hippocampus, other brain regions such as the prefrontal cortex, amygdala (Hill et al., 2010), nucleus accumbens (Bosch-Bouju et al., 2016), the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (Wamsteeker et al., 2010), lateral habenula (Park et al., 2017) and the periaqueductal gray matter (Moreira et al., 2009), are involved in stress-induced behavioral and neuroplastic consequences. These regions are modulated by eCBs and, therefore, are also potential therapeutic targets for cannabinoid drugs

Endocannabinoid signalling modulates susceptibility to traumatic stress exposure

Stress is a ubiquitous risk factor for the exacerbation and development of affective disorders including major depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Understanding the neurobiological mechanisms conferring resilience to the adverse consequences of stress could have broad implications for the treatment and prevention of mood and anxiety disorders.

Deficiency in Endocannabinoid Signaling in the Nucleus Accumbens Induced by Chronic Unpredictable Stress

The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is a critical component of the reward circuitry, and dysfunction of the NAc may account for anhedonia and other symptoms of depression.

We compared three types of eCB/CB1 receptor-mediated synaptic plasticity in slices prepared from the NAc core of control and stress-exposed mice: depolarization-induced suppression of excitation, long-term depression, and the depression of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) induced by group I metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist DHPG. CUS (5–6-week exposure to stressors), but not sub-CUS (1 week exposure to stressors), induces depression-like behaviors and impairs these forms of eCB/CB1 receptor-mediated plasticity examined in the NAc core. Neither sub-CUS nor CUS altered the tissue contents of the eCBs, anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol in the striatum. However, exposure to CUS, but not to sub-CUS, attenuated the depression of fEPSPs induced by the CB1 receptor agonist WIN 55 212-2. CUS exposure reduced the maximal effect without affecting the EC50 of WIN 55 212-2 to induce fEPSP depression. Thus, impaired CB1 receptor function could account for CUS-induced deficiency in eCB signaling in the NAc. Both CUS-induced deficiency in eCB signaling and depression-like behaviors were reversed by in vivo administration of antidepressant fluoxetine. These results suggest that downregulation of eCB signaling in the NAc occurs after CUS and contributes to the pathophysiology of depression.

Fear porn panic

Stop the Fear Porn

Stop the Coronavirus Fear-Porn

Fear Porn In An Age Of Superstition

Watching Alfred Hitchcock gives us 'tunnel vision'

When suspense is greatest, brains shift activity to increase processing of critical information and ignore irrelevant visual content.

How did "flatten the curve" become "flatten the economy?"

This kind of suspense makes horror movies scary

"Where fear is present, wisdom cannot be."


"Fear is the great tool of mass manipulation. It sells everything from insurance to deodorant and builds audience ratings for corporate news.

Historically it was used to promote witch burnings and racism.

The panic button simply needs disconnecting.

Time to forgo the scare tactics and replace anxiety with clarity, while we all, without exception, take a deep breath and move to the metaphoric exits, managing not to trample each other in the process." - Mick Farren

sudden fear

United States of Fear and Panic

Collective Trauma: The Morphogenetic Field of Fear

SAGE and the UK media created fear in the British public

"Fear stops us from objecting to government spending on a bloated military.

Fear means we will not ask unpleasant questions of those in power.

Fear means we will be willing to give up our rights and liberties for security.

Fear keeps us penned in like domesticated animals." - Chris Hedges


Amygdala might make the world seem scary

PTSD makes ordinary moments seem terrifying

the happiest place on earth

Supreme Court Rules Unanimously You May Sue Government
Agents for Damages When They Violate Your Individual Rights

I Shot The Sheriff

Do Not Resist

COVID-19 Disorder Tracker

It's "An Extortion Racket"

Police Are Still Out of Control

Permanent Militarization of America

Where Will the Militarization of American Life Take Us?

What 16 Months Of Police Killings In The US Looks Like

What's Wrong With Fusion Centers

Calculating your threat 'score'

Slouching Towards Bethlehem

Law enforcement in Ancient China was carried out by "prefects".

In Ancient Greece, publicly owned slaves were used by magistrates as police.

In the Roman Empire, Legions, provided security.

Martin Anderson, 14, went joyriding in his grandmother's car.

In the spring of 2006 the state of Florida sent Martin Anderson to "boot camp" were he suffocated at the hands of "instructors".

State mandated "behavioral modification" caused the death of Martin Anderson, sentenced to death for joyriding in his grandma's car.

Chris Penley, 15 years old, held a pellet gun to his neck threatening death.

Mike Weippert, a sheriff's deputy, obliged shooting Chris Penley dead

Excessive Militarization of American Policing

The absurdly dangerous militarization of America's police

Rise of the Police State and the Absence of Mass Opposition

Lessons from the Gestapo, America's Path to Tyranny

Former Cops Speak Out About Police Militarization

Intelligent, Rational Americans Don't Trust Police

Rise of Paramilitary Police Raids in America

Fighting the Militarized State

To Make Police Accountable, End Qualified Immunity

2005 Chadwick Shane Cochran, a mentally ill individual, is beaten to death when Los Angeles County Deputies knowingly place him with Level 9 threats held on charges of murder, kidnaping and carjacking.

Chadwick Shane Cochran expected to be beat.

Michael Cochran, his father and a Baptist minister, said his son Shane was unruly and chaffed under his authority so he punished him, "I paddled his butt, yes I did, and it was black and blue."

"How many of enrapitured devotees of James C. Dobson, founder of Focus on the Family, realize he was directly responsible for inhumane beatings.

In his books, "Dare to Discipline" and "The Strong-Willed Child," James C. Dobson argues it is a biblical obligation to "break the will" of children.

The mentally ill Chadwick Shane Cochran offended two violent Latino gang members who promptly beat him to death.

Imagine the 'astonishment' of the deputies when they returned and found that Chadwick, charged with unlawful possession of a firearm (a firearm that had been given to him by his landlady), had been beaten to death!

We now see the results of his "psychological" ministry: hoards of human sheep with broken wills, unable to think, following leaders unquestioningly passing the trauma to their own children and our nation.

Read Philip Greven, "Spare the Child," or Justin A. Frank, "Bush on the Couch" to see how the religious roots of physical punishment, advocated by the likes of James C. Dobson shaped the leaders that threaten to destroy our country." - Alitta Kullman

"It's never easy looking forward through the rain,
Traveling backwards with my friend called pain.
Torn and tattered from this road called life,
Scarred by memories that cut like a knife."

Chadwick Shane Cochran

Feds: No charges in Michigan police shooting of homeless man

Here's One Theory About Why Cops In America Kill So Many People

Hundreds of homicides committed by police not included in national crime statistics

police state

Orwell, Huxley and America's Plunge Into Authoritarianism


Police Required to Use Military Equipment

Defense Logistics Agency: Disposition Services

Military equipment the Pentagon is giving to local police

Have police departments gone too far with SWAT units?

Ferguson Police Shot Pastor Renita Lamkin With Rubber Bullet

Renita Lamkin, an African Methodist Episcopal church pastor, told The Huffington Post that she was "standing in the middle of the street, with people behind me, and the police were in front of me." Lamkin said she was attempting to mediate between police and protesters the demonstration and told the police, "They're moving, they're leaving." "And then there was a pop!" she said, as a rubber bullet struck her stomach.

Misleading terminology: "Rubber" bullets

Civilian's death was caused by rubber bullet

Ferguson and the Modern Debtor's Prison

Seamy Underbelly Of Ferguson Starts To Appear

Skyrocketing Court Fines Are Major Revenue Generator for Ferguson

In Ferguson, Black Drivers Are Profitable Cash Cows For Town's Coffers

The Shocking Finding From the DoJ's Ferguson Report That Nobody Has Noticed

Ferguson "Terrorizing" Poor Through Modern-Day Debtors' Prisons: Federal Lawsuit

Ferguson's Municipal Court System Makes Millions Off Targeting Black and Poor People

Ferguson Feeds Off the Poor: Three Warrants a Year Per Household

Crowds on Demand

Now Possible to Hire Fake Protesters

Paid To Protest, Some Homeless Almost Make A Living

5 Ways Powerful People Trick You Into Hating Protesters

Kinder Morgan Paid Pennsylvania Police Department to 'Deter Protests'

Washington Republican proposes charging protestors with 'economic terrorism'

law enforcement

The Myth of Authority

Six Social Sources of the US Crime Drop

Beware the march of the authoritarians!

To stop crime wave, change attitudes

"Police power is a genuine technique only when it is supplemented by propaganda which plays a leading role in the psychological environment necessary to the completeness of police power."

Jacques Ellul, Technological Society, 1964

Police have no responsibility to protect individuals

Justices Rule Police Do Not Have a Constitutional Duty to Protect Someone

What can the police lie about while conducting an interrogation?

Supreme Court ruling expands police authority in home searches

LA County to collect more personal data without public notice

unique library index

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