20th century Charismatic Pentecostal revivals

"Very quickly the Word of the Gospel becomes an oppressive law as established political and social order embrace the fellowship.

The spirit of play is forced to the periphery of the fellowship, where it was welcomed by those who were previously excluded.

Charismatic Pentecostal counter-movements come into being as an antidote for the over-emphasis on the Word over Spirit; control over liberty.

A key to understanding cultural evolution is knowing the spirit of play.

Play critically confronts any ideological system that lays absolute claims.

Playful people are not out to dominate reality and exploit it, to justify their own existence with the result.

This implies a criticism of technocratic utilitarian thought and achievement which attacks both the nature and the quality of human life.

Both extremes are typical of the false self, which wrongs reality and leads to an absolutization of one's own interpretation of existence." - Jean-Jacques Suurmond

Charles Fox Parham obtains a minister's license from the Southwest Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Charles Fox Parham's adoption of Wesleyan "holiness" theology with its crisis experience of sanctification branded him as a troublemaker and he surrendered his minister's license.

Holiness preachers declared that following conversion, believers should seek for a "second blessing" to purge the desires of the flesh from their hearts.

Holiness preaching tended to center around John Wesley's sanctification teaching of a second crisis experience subsequent to justification which was commonly termed entire sanctification.

From this it followed that it was the duty of those who had experienced entire sanctification to confess it and bring others into this experience.

1898 Charles Fox Parham established the Bethel Healing Home and published the Apostolic Faith magazine in Topeka, Kansas.

1901 Charles Fox Parham founds Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas.

Forty students gathered to pray for the promised "Latter Rain" outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Joel 2:23,28,29) hoping to acquire the supernatural spiritual power that marked the expansion of the Early Church.

In an intense atmosphere of expectancy Agnes N. Ozman became the first to "Speak in Tongues."

Charles Fox Parham 'receives' the capability of speaking in "German" and "Swedish"; Agnes N. Ozman in "Chinese," and others in a variety of "foreign languages" including "Japanese", "Hungarian", "Syrian", "Hindi" and "Spanish".

As there was no one in Topeka, Kansas who spoke any of these languages and as none of these "speakers of tongues" actual did any foreign missionary work it is unlikely that any of these spoken tongues were actual coherent foreign language verbalizations.

Charles Fox Parham noted that "Cloven Tongues of Fire" appeared over the heads of speakers of tongues.

He believed speaking in tongues meant that an individual had been given power by the Holy Spirit to speak and understand a foreign language to facilitate foreign missionary work.

Charles Fox Parham is the "founder of modern Pentecostalism."

It is clear from history that both the Azusa Street revival and the Pentecostal revival that spread from Zion City (now called Zion), Illinois, grew from Charles Fox Parham's Latter Rain mythology.

Charles Fox Parham moves to Houston, Texas, where in spite of segregation, William Seymore, a one-eyed Black preacher is taught Latter Rain mythology.

1906 William Seymore goes to Los Angeles, where his speaking sparks the the Azusa Street revival.

Pentecostal denominations trace their roots to the Azusa Street revival.

The Azusa Street Revival of 1906

Charles Fox Parham after observing "supernatural manifestations" of the Azusa Street revival declares:

"The Lord is sick at His stomach!"

1914 The World Assemblies of God Fellowship is structured as a loose alliance of independent national and regional Pentecostal denominations.

1965 Chuck Smith founds Calvary Chapel after serving as Healing Revival campaign manager for Paul Cain.

"In 1990 a shift occurred and the Apostolic movement began to be birthed. My wife and I have met no less than six apostles - most of whom used to be pastors, then prophets, and now apostles.

Over the last fifteen years we have spiritually surfed various moves of the ḦṍḸẙ ṦṕḯṝḭṰ and they all can be reduced to being nothing more than Latter Rain acolytes, only the error has progressed even more radically since 1947." - Robert S. Liichow

Two of the most prominent proponents of the mythology of Latter Rain are Paul Cain and C. Peter Wagner.

C. Peter Wagner, co-founder of the World Prayer Center, a non-profit corporation, and chancellor of the Wagner Institute, a non-profit 501c3, in Colorado Springs, is touted as a leading authority in the fields of church growth and spiritual warfare.

Morphed and evolved Latter Rain mythologies now include:

Joel's Army/Kingdom Now/Dominion mythology, Progressive Revelation, Revival Harvest, Post-Millennial Eschatology, Signs and Wonders, Spiritual Warfare , Ecumenism, Restoration of Apostles and Prophets, Jubilee/Feast of Tabernacles, and the Post-denominational Church.

Latter Rain movement taught Manifest Sons would arise at the End.

These Manifest Sons, ones who have come into the full stature of Christ would receive the Spirit without measure receiving a number of "divine gifts".

These gifts include:

the ability to teleport;

to speak any language;

to perform divine healing and other miracles.

Manifest Sons cannot be deceived and do not deceive.

Manifest Sons claim they will restore man's rightful position as originally mandated in Genesis ushering in the millennial reign of Christ in which all people will be given full redemption - free from the curse of Original Sin, free from sin causing evil spirits to scatter before the triumphant power of Joel's army and all sickness, disease, death and desires of the flesh will end.

"A Man Child is birthed who is to bring about a dramatic change in the entire structure of the Church. The Man Child will bring full Apostolic Order." - Paul Cunningham vision at the 2nd apostles gathering

During the early years, some of the most ardent critics of the Latter Rain and Latter Rain's Manifest Sons mythology came from within Pentecostalism, particularly the Assemblies of God.

Leaders of the Assemblies of God were concerned that it glorified men among other things and pointed to the "ye are gods" dogma as evidence of severe theological error.

Major adherents of Manifest Sons mythology include: Earl Pearly Paulk, Oral Roberts, Paul Cain, William Marrion Branham and Benny Hinn.

"For the kingdom of the heavens belongs to the householder who went out with the early morning to hire workmen for his vineyard.

Having agreed with the workmen to pay a denarius the day, he sent them into his vineyard.

Having gone out at lunch he saw others standing in the market-place idle; and to them he said, "Go also ye into the vineyard, and whatsoever may be just I will give you. And they went their way."

Having gone out at supper he found others standing, and says to them, "Why stand ye here all the day idle?"

They say to him, "No man has hired us."

He says to them, "Go also ye into the vineyard."

When evening came, the lord of the vineyard says to his steward, "Call the workmen and pay wages, beginning from the last even to the first."

All each received a denarius.

Early birds supposed that they would receive more, yet they received only a denarius each.

On receiving it they murmured against the master of the house, saying, "These last have worked bbut one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the heat."

In answering he said to one of them, "Friend, I do not wrong thee. Didst thou not agree with me to work for a denarius?"

"Take what is thine and go. It is my will to give to this last even as to thee: is it not lawful for me to do what I will in my own affairs?"

"Thus shall the last be first, and the first last; for many are called but few chosen." - Matthew 20:1-16

Catch Your Wave/Finale

Free Donuts: Catch The Wave - Part One

1993   Randy Clark, a St. Louis Vineyard pastor, is despondent.

In desperation, Randy Clark visits a Rodney Howard-Browne meeting in Tulsa.

Randy Clark keeps going up to get prayed for and keeps getting knocked down by Rodney Howard-Browne.

Rodney Howard-Browne's supernatural manifestations - slain in the spirit, shakings, laughter - had to be an anointing of the Holy Spirit!

1994   Randy Clark, invited to speak at John Arnott's Toronto Airport Vineyard fellowship, puts to work what he has learned from Rodney Howard-Browne.

The Toronto revival has also been referred to as the "Toronto Blessing", "The Father's Blessing", "The Anointing", "The Awakening", "The River", "The Fire".

Randy Clark announces his sermon, "The Making of a Warrior."

Carol Arnott falls to the floor and slashes violently with an imaginary two handed sword for about twenty minutes.

Upon Randy Clark conclusion Carol Arnott delivers the following "prophecy":

"This is My sword, this is not man's sword, this is My golden sword.

The old methods will not be acceptable to Me anymore because I am doing a new thing.

This new way is new and you must throw away the old ways of doing things and take up My sword because My sword is made of pure gold and is purer and is mighty.

If you wield it the captives will be set free, the chains will be broken and the healings will be manifest because it will not be by might, nor by power, but by My wonderful Holy Spirit." - Carol Arnott channeling the Fire of the Holy Spirit

People infected with "Fire of the Holy Spirit" exhibited the following behavior:

miraculous healing, hysterical laughter, physical spasms and jerking, weeping(and gnashing of teeth), groaning, shaking, drunkenness, falling to the floor, slain in the spirit, roaring like lions, barking like dogs and speaking in tongues.

Traditional Christians feel supernatural manifestations lead to apostasy.

"If you're going to be concerned about deception, then please be concerned about the greatest deception that there is, and the greatest deception of all, in my opinion, is not to fall for teachings of a false prophet." - John Arnott

Vineyard Association embraces "supernatural manifestations".

Two years later John Wimber forces Toronto Airport Vineyard to resign from the Vineyard Association.

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