Ether is the name of the
essence that fills the void of space (heavens)
beyond the sky (atmoshpere) in
which the planetary bodies reside.
Thought to fill all space, up until
the time Albert Einstien
came up with the Theory of Relativity, ether allowed corpuscles (electromagnetic waves)
to pass through and interact with matter,
without exerting any
This is the necessary explanation in the
mechanistic universe of Isaac
Newton for how light (photons) are able to
travel the immense empty distance from the
distant sun to reach the
surface of the Earth to warm it
Shaping principles of all
scientists at the time would have been grounded in this definition of ether,
later reflected in the terms vacuum and void.
A pleasant-smelling, volatile, flammable and colorless
used as an anesthetic or as a solvent in industrial processes
composed of an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Simple ethers/symmetrical ethers:
dimethyl ether, polybrominated diphenyl ether
Mixed ethers/asymmetrical ethers:
methyl ethyl ether, methyl
phenyl ether, methyl tert-butyl ether,
"P-series" = propylene
E-series glycol ethers,
ethylene glycols, are found in pharmaceuticals,
sunscreens, cosmetics, inks, dyes and water-based paints.
glycol ethers, propylene glycols, are used in
degreasers, cleaners, aerosol paints and adhesives.
ethers are marketed as lower toxicity than the E-series.
exposure to glycol ethers is related to low motile sperm count.
glycol monomethyl ether - 2-methoxyethanol is toxic to the bone marrow and
exposures at risk for granulocytopenia,
glycol monobutyl ether - 100 - 500 ppm of 2-butoxyethanol can cause
adrenal tumors in
Ethylene glycol monophenyl
ether - Japan and EU consider phenoxyethanol safe for use as a preservative
with a maximum concentration of 1.0%.
The most common water-based
antifreeze solutions used in electronics and automotive cooling are mixtures of
water and either ethylene glycol (EGW) or propylene glycol
Christian Schönbein accidentally synthesizes
manufacturers John Hall & Sons began to produce guncotton using the
Schönbein process at a factory in Faversham, Kent.
first synthesizes nitroglycerin.
Alfred Nobel invents dynamite, an explosive made of nitroglycerin,
sorbents (diatomaceous earth or clay) and stabilizers.
1875 Alfred Nobel invents the first plastic
explosive - gelignite.
Gelignite is an explosive material consisting of
nitrocellulose dissolved in either nitroglycerine or nitroglycol and mixed with
wood pulp and saltpetre.
Wesley Hyatt devises a method of making billiard balls with collodion or
Nitrocellulose is a highly flammable compound formed by
nitrating cellulose through exposure to a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric or
Nitrocellulose is used to make smokeless gun powder,
waterproof fuses in pyrotechnics, inks, adhesives, varnishes, resins and
John Wesley Hyatt grinds nitrocellulose into a fine
pulp and combines it with camphor, forms it in a mold and places it under
pressure and heat.
Pressure, applied steadily over time, creates a
dense durable billiard ball.
Frederick Abel and James Dewar patent a smokeless propellant
consisting of guncotton and nitroglycerine mixed together in a small amount of
petroleum jelly called cordite.
Chaim Weizmann uses Clostridium acetobutylicum to ferment
starch and cellulose yielding 3 parts of acetone, 6 of butanol, and 1 of
ATCC 824 is named the "Weizmann Organism".
2008 Strain of Escherichia coli is
genetically engineered to synthesize butanol with genes derived from
First microbial production of short-chain alkanes reported - a
considerable step toward the sythetic biolgocal production of gasoline.
Fatty acyl-CoA reductase came from Clostridium
Propylene or methyl ethylene, is an
unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula
It has one double bond, and is the second
simplest member of the alkene class of hydrocarbons.
Propylene glycol or methyl ethyl glycol
(C3H8O2) is a clear, colorless, slightly
syrupy synthetic liquid at room temperature used by the chemical, food, and
as an antifreeze;
to absorb extra
as a solvent for food colors and flavors;
as a solvent in
the paint and plastics industries;
to maintain moisture in medicines,
cosmetics, food products.
Propylene glycol is used in various edible
items such as coffee-based
drinks, liquid sweeteners, ice
cream, whipped dairy products and soda.
Propylene glycol is metabolized
in the human body into pyruvic acid, acetic acid, lactic acid, and
Alcoholic beverages in the US may contain up to 5
percent propylene glycol.
Certain formulations of artificial tears,
Systane, use proplyene glycol.
(C2H4)n the most common plastic, consists of
a long chain of carbon atoms with
atoms attached to each carbon atom.
Uses incluse cosmetics, grocery
bags, shampoo bottles, children's toys, and bullet proof vests.
(PEG) is a petroleum-derivative compound that is made from
ethylene glycol (ethane-1,2-diol), the main
ingredient in antifreeze.
Compounds and their contaminants
In 2008, FDA tested 8 batches of Miralax and found small
amounts of the car antifreeze
ingredients ethylene glycol (EG) and diethylene glycol (DEG) in all
These were impurities from the manufacturing process.
The tests were performed because many of the adverse events reported
were consistent with ethylene glycol poisoning.
PEGylation of Biopharmaceuticals
Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) and PEGylation of
From Synthesis to Characterization of Site-Selective PEGylated
Evaluation of PEGylated Protein Safety in the Absence of
Definitive Metabolism Studies
(C3H6)n is a thermoplastic "addition polymer" made from the combination of
As polypropylene, compatible with most
existing processing techniques,
has many commercial uses, including packaging, automotive products, housewares,
medicine, tubing, and food.
Polypropylene has better transparency than
Polypropylene has a lower specific weight, so that
lighter products are obtained in its applications.
(C2H3Cl)n, sythesized from
vinyl chloride, is the
world's third-most widely produced polymer, after polyethylene and
Polyvinyl chloride, the only plastic made with chlorine,
is 57% chlorine.
chloride requires toxic additives, including heavy metals such as
endocrine-disrupting phthalates, and
flame retardants, in order to be made
into stable and usable consumer products.
These additives are released
during both the use and disposal of PVC.
One byproduct during decomposition is
High levels of the
carcinogen vinyl chloride, a
toxic colorless gas with a sweet odor used to make polyvinyl chloride, are
found in 1997, 1998 and 2001.
EPA concludes cleanup of up to 355,000
contaminated sites nationwide will cost up to $280 billion over the next 35
monomers are manufactured by a variety of routes, starting in most cases from
Crude oil » benzene » cyclohexane »
cyclohexanone » cyclohexanone oxime » caprolactam
Heat caprolactam to about 500° Farenheit in an inert
atmosphere of nitrogen
for 4-5 hours, the ring breaks and caprolactam undergoes
The molten mass is
passed through spinnerets to form fibres of nylon 6.
caprolactam [(CH2)5C(O)NH] hydrolyzes to
aminocaproic acid, which is used
Melamine, C3H6N6, contains 67%
nitrogen by mass, and its derivatives have fire retardant properties due to its
release of nitrogen gas when burned.
Kjeldahl and Dumas
levels by measuring nitrogen content, so they can be misled by adding
nitrogen-rich compounds such as melamine.
World Health Organization food
safety director 0.2 mg per kg of body mass.
Butylene, 2-methylpropene, is a series of alkenes with the
general formula C4H8.
Butene is therefore obtained
by catalytic cracking of long-chain hydrocarbons left during refining of crude
Cracking produces a mixture of products, and the butene is
extracted from this by fractional distillation.
Butene reacts with
ethanol in the
manufacture of the gasoline oxygenate methyl tert-butyl ether
Butylene glycol, C4H10O2,
is a solvent and viscosity conditioning agent.
Butylene glycol is
commonly used as a solvent for food flavouring agents and in the manufacturing
In biology, butylene glycol is used as a hypoglycaemic
C2H4O3, is the smallest α-hydroxy
α-hydroxy acids are a group of organic carboxylic compounds
most commonly used in cosmetic applications.
α-hydroxy acids may
be derived from food products on the microscale:
glycolic acid (from sugar
lactic acid (from sour milk);
malic acid (from
citric acid (from citrus fruits);
tartaric acid (from
Glycolic acid is a colorless, odorless, highly soluble
hygroscopic crystalline solid.
Glycolic acid uses the hydroxyl and
carboxylic acid groups to form five member ring complexes (chelates) with
This complexing ability is
useful in dissolution of
hard-water scale and prevention of deposition, especially in cleaning
Glycolic acid readily forms salts with active metals,
metal oxides and bases.
Glycolic acid is used in the
textile industry as
a dyeing and tanning agent, in food processing as a flavoring agent and as a
Glycolic acid is
often included into emulsion polymers, solvents
and additives for ink and paint in order to improve
flow properties and impart gloss.
Although glycolic acid occurs
naturally as a trace component in sugarcane, beets, grapes and fruits,
DuPont synthesizes the
product through a sustainable manufacturing process in Belle, West
DuPont has been
the leading supplier of Glycolic acid to customers and distributors worldwide
for more than 50 years
Ethylene glycol, (CH2OH)2, is used as
a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze
Ethylene glycol is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting,
Ethylene glycol is highly toxic.
blocks of a similar size - rings or not - when polymerized (strung together in
repeating units), form plastics.
If the strung-together chains zig-zag
repeatedly instead of being straight and taught, the
polymer is potentially elastic
and might be a synthetic rubber.
Polymerization done in a factory
results in a plastic or synthetic rubber.
If you do the
polymerization, the product is a varnish
(paint) or glue.
The polymerization occurs with oxygen and/or UV
bombardment allowing the varnished, painted or glued item to "dry" or harden
into a polymer.
For varnish or pigmented varnish ("paint"), solvents
are added to retard polymerization, so in a sense the varnish or paint really
is "drying", but the real issue (goal) here is polymerization not solvent loss.
If the air's oxygen isn't enough, a chemical oxidizer is used.
"MEKP" is popular (methyl ethyl ketone peroxide). " - JI Nelson
6-carbon rings of
benzene are easily added as half the carbon-to-carbon bonds are double bonds
and can be "opened".
One of the original chemical bonds continues
to hold the ring together, while the chemical engineer attaches something new
to the other.
Plastics (whether based on rings or not) can use opened
double bonds to link the long polymerized chains to one another.
hardens the plastic transforming it from a bendable into a stiff polymer.
Hardening synthetic rubber by cross-linking is called "vulcanization".
Hardened oils are
There are no calories if the double bonds of "saturated
fats" are all used up.
Body building blocks are better if they have more
than a single double bond of "polyunsaturated" to metabolize or more easily
attach another molecule, rather than
vulcanized oils to pile up as arterial deposits.
1990s Toxicologists recognize pesticides and many
industrial compounds, including phthalates, can mimic estrogen or block
testosterone, the female and male sex hormones that
Review of sperm counts in developed nations showed a
substantial decline since World War II, when many synthetic pesticides and
industrial compounds were introduced into the environment.
studies of men have linked phthalates to low sperm quality.
everyone in a 1999-2000 survey of 2,500 people throughout America had
phthalates in their
Phthalates widely used in plastics and beauty products have
contaminated humans altering
the reproductive organs of baby boys.
Researchers find a strong
correlation between phthalate contamination and changes in the size and anatomy
of the children's genitals.
Mothers with the
highest levels of chemical in
their urine late in their pregnancies had babies with a cluster of effects.
The span between anus and penis, anogenital distance, is
Infants have smaller penises, scrotums and incomplete descent of
Phthalate levels associated with the genital changes are not
biologists say that a shorter anogenital distance is a female like effect
in animals, a telltale sign of
decreased male hormones.
It is likely that the human effects are similar
as hormones function the same in animals and humans.
baby bottle nipples, pacifiers, teething rings, hairspray, deodorants,
perfumes, vinyl products including
upholstery, packaging, wall and floor covering, nail polishes and other
beauty products sold in
America contain phthalates which have been banned in the Europe and
"America has become a dumping ground for
chemical filled toys that are banned in
much ofthe global industrialized world." - Fiona Ma
Europe banned 2
phthalates found in cosmetics and 6 phthalates in toys.
and Canada have banned phthalates.
America is one of a few countries in
which phthalates are still used.
In Victorian England and the post-Civil War era in America, the
use of heavy metals in cosmetics - such as
Women and men of the 1800s/early 1900s used toxic
Toxic ingredients such as phthalates,
talcum powder, nanoparticles,
acetate, coal tar, octyl methoxycinnamate
and 4-methybenxylidene camphor, triclosan, resorcinol, toulene, butylated
hydroxyanisole (BHA) are now present in cosmetics and beauty
Triclosan Banned From Soap but Lingers in Consumer
The benefits of hemp
Hemp plastics are
Hemp has multiple healing
Hemp clothing is extremely strong and
Hemp books last for centuries rather than decades.
paper does not turn yellow and is very durable.
Hemp is a higher
quality fiber than wood fiber or cotton.
Hemp grows quickly to maturity
in a season where trees take a lifetime.
Hemp Paper requires far fewer caustic chemicals than paper from
Hemp seed contains one of the
highest sources of protein in nature
as well as two essential fatty acids, not found
anywhere else in nature, that clean your brain of amyloidal
plaques and regenerate neurons.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality
and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel
through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the
human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate
religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious
ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery
religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes,
has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every
individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and
Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing
the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of
American social mores and values have declined precipitously
over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and
more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been
preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the
destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a
perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of
the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
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site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
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facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts
have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited
and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but
has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making
his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the
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