Propylene or methyl ethylene, is an
unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula
It has one double bond, and is the second
simplest member of the alkene class of hydrocarbons.
Propylene glycol or methyl ethyl glycol
(C3H8O2) is a clear, colorless, slightly
syrupy synthetic liquid at room temperature used by the chemical, food, and
as an antifreeze;
to absorb extra
as a solvent for food colors and flavors;
as a solvent in
the paint and plastics industries;
to maintain moisture in medicines,
cosmetics, food products.
Propylene glycol is used in various edible
items such as coffee-based drinks, liquid sweeteners, ice cream, whipped dairy
products and soda.
Propylene glycol is metabolized in the human body
into pyruvic acid, acetic acid, lactic acid, and
Alcoholic beverages in the US may contain up to 5
percent propylene glycol.
Certain formulations of artificial tears,
Systane, use proplyene glycol.
(C2H4)n the most common plastic, consists of a
long chain of carbon atoms with two hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon
Uses incluse cosmetics, grocery bags, shampoo bottles, children's
toys, and bullet proof vests.
(C3H6)n is a thermoplastic addition
polymer made from the combination of
As polypropylene, compatible with most
existing processing techniques,
has many commercial uses, including packaging, automotive products, housewares,
medicine, tubing, and food.
Polypropylene has better transparency than
Polypropylene has a lower specific weight, so that
lighter products are obtained in its applications.
(C2H3Cl)n, sythesized from
vinyl chloride, is the world's
third-most widely produced polymer, after
polyethylene and polypropylene.
Polyvinyl chloride, the only
plastic made with chlorine, is 57% chlorine.
requires toxic additives, including heavy metals such as
endocrine-disrupting phthalates, and
flame retardants, in order to be made into
stable and usable consumer products.
These additives are released
during both the use and disposal of PVC.
One byproduct during
decomposition is dioxin.
Nylon monomers are manufactured by a variety of
routes, starting in most cases from crude oil.
Crude oil » benzene
» cyclohexane » cyclohexanone » cyclohexanone oxime »
Heat caprolactam to about 500° Farenheit in an
inert atmosphere of nitrogen for 4-5 hours, the ring breaks and caprolactam
The molten mass is passed through spinnerets to form fibres of nylon
In water, caprolactam [(CH2)5C(O)NH] hydrolyzes
to aminocaproic acid, which is used medicinally.
Melamine, C3H6N6, contains 67%
nitrogen by mass, and its derivatives have fire retardant properties due to its
release of nitrogen gas when burned.
Kjeldahl and Dumas estimate protein
levels by measuring nitrogen content, so they can be misled by adding
nitrogen-rich compounds such as
Health Organization food safety director 0.2 mg per kg of body
Butylene, 2-methylpropene, is a series of alkenes with the
general formula C4H8.
Butene is therefore obtained
by catalytic cracking of long-chain hydrocarbons left during refining of crude
Cracking produces a mixture of products, and the butene is
extracted from this by fractional distillation.
Butene reacts with
ethanol in the
manufacture of the gasoline oxygenate methyl tert-butyl ether
Butylene glycol, C4H10O2,
is a solvent and viscosity conditioning agent.
Butylene glycol is
commonly used as a solvent for food flavouring agents and in the manufacturing
In biology, butylene glycol is used as a hypoglycaemic
C2H4O3, is the smallest α-hydroxy
α-hydroxy acids are a group of organic carboxylic compounds
most commonly used in cosmetic applications.
α-hydroxy acids may
be derived from food products on the microscale:
glycolic acid (from sugar
lactic acid (from sour milk);
malic acid (from
citric acid (from citrus fruits);
tartaric acid (from
Glycolic acid is a colorless, odorless, highly soluble
hygroscopic crystalline solid.
Glycolic acid uses the hydroxyl and
carboxylic acid groups to form five member ring complexes (chelates) with
This complexing ability is useful in dissolution of
hard-water scale and prevention of deposition, especially in cleaning
Glycolic acid readily forms salts with active metals,
metal oxides and bases.
Glycolic acid is used in the textile industry as
a dyeing and tanning agent, in food processing as a flavoring agent and as a
Glycolic acid is often included into emulsion polymers,
solvents and additives for ink and paint in order to improve flow properties
and impart gloss.
Although Glycolic acid occurs naturally as a trace
component in sugarcane, beets, grapes and fruits,
DuPont synthesizes the
product through a sustainable manufacturing process in Belle, West
DuPont has been the leading
supplier of Glycolic acid to customers and distributors worldwide for more than
glycol, (CH2OH)2, is used as a raw material in the
manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations.
Ethylene glycol is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous
Ethylene glycol is highly toxic.
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industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not
occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values have
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buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
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corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
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