John Kenneth Galbraith

John Kenneth Galbraith rejected economic mathematical models and technical analyses - which precipitated the financial engineering of credit default swaps, futures contracts, derivatives, adinfinitum - as divorced from reality.


Are conservatives 'hardwired' to perceive threats?

"Conservative, n. A statesman who is enamored of existing evils, as distinguished from the Liberal, who wishes to replace them with others." - Ambrose Bierce, Devil's Dictionary

"The Americans of 1776 were among the first men to defend an open society and constitutional liberty. The most remarkable characteristic of this political theory sits in its deep-seated conservatism. However radical the principles of the Revolution may have seemed to the rest of the world, in the minds of the colonists they were thoroughly preservative and respectful of the past." - Clinton Rossiter

980 AD Latin, conservare "to keep, preserve."

1380 Old French - "conserver."

Archaically a conservative was a preservative agent or principle.

A conservative would be concerned with preserving his or her social culture and traditional way of living by protecting it from ruin, injury, innovation, or radical change by avoiding excess.

A conservative wants to preserve the land for future generations.

Conservatives frown on behavior outside of accepted and practiced norms.

Over time the word symbol conservative took on added connotations.

1790 As a modern political tradition, conservatism traces to opposition to the French Revolution found in Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke, but the word conservative is not found in his writing.

The word conservative was coined by the French disciples of Edmund Burke, (e.g. Chateaubriand, who titled his journal defending clerical and political restoration "Le Conservateur").

Burke suggested that a genuinely prudent conduct of affairs would proceed without assaulting the mental associations of the governed, and, as change was omnipresent, would conduct its share under accepted names by gradual and by moderate reform of institutions and practices rather than by immediate and total replacement, which Burke stigmatised as 'innovation'.

"A spirit of innovation is generally the result of a selfish temper and confined views." - Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France

In truth Edmund prefers social custom over social experimentation.

1830 Conservative as the name of a British political faction first appeared in an issue of the "Quarterly Review," in an unsigned article sometimes attributed to John Wilson Croker.

1843 Conservative replaces Tory, reflecting both a change from the pejorative name (in use for 150 years) and repudiation of some reactionary policies. Extended to similar spirits in other parties from 1845.

"Strictly speaking, conservatism is not a political system, but rather a way of looking at the civil order." - Russell Kirk

The neo-conservatives are radicals not conservatives.

Conservatives are interested in preservation of existing resources.

The neo-conservatives (neo-liberals to much the rest of the world) were only interested in exploiting resources for short term gain.

The neo-conservatives must have known that embarking upon the path of global hegemony was a dangerous and radical course of action which could result in injury or ruin to the American political system.

The neo-conservatives were intent on bringing about radical change by fostering excess' in the financial sectors through radical deregulation.


1908 David Lloyd George replaces HH Asquith as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

1909 To fund extensive welfare reforms David Lloyd George proposed taxes on land ownership and high incomes in the "People's Budget", which the Conservative dominated House of Lords rejects.

1910 A constitutional crisis is only resolved after two elections and the passage of the Parliament Act 1911.

1911 National Insurance Act establishes the modern welfare state.

1912 The Marconi scandal involves Liberal officials under the Prime Minister HH Asquith profiting through insider trading about intentions with respect to Marconi Company and Imperial Wireless Chain.

The Imperial Wireless Chain is a strategic international communications network of powerful long range radiotelegraphy stations, created by the British government to link the countries of the British Empire.

1915 HH Asquith forms a wartime coalition between left and right.

David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions rapidly expands production.

1916 David Lloyd George appointed Secretary of State for War.

December 1916 David Lloyd George forms a coalition government in the UK and is appointed Prime Minister by King George V.

David Lloyd George relied on the support of Conservatives and of the press baron Lord Northcliffe (who owned both The Times and the Daily Mail).

Besides the Prime Minister, the five-member War Cabinet contains three Conservatives - Lord President of the Council and Leader of the House of Lords, Lord Curzon; Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons, Bonar Law; and Minister without Portfolio, Lord Alfred Milner - and Arthur Henderson, unofficially representing Labor.

In the first 235 days of its existence, the War Cabinet meets 200 times.

March 20, 1917 to May 2, 1917

Imperial War Cabinet, with representatives from Canada, Newfoundland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and India, meets 14 times.

David Lloyd George plays a critical role in the Balfour Declaration.

john maynard keynes

"Ideas shape the course of history.

The difficulty lies not in developing

new ideas as escaping from old ones

John Maynard Keynes

Director, British Eugenics Society 1937-1944

In "General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money" John Maynard Keynes begins by observing that before we can construct relevant theories for the present, we have to unlearn the useless theories of the past.

Shedding old theories is more difficult than building new ones.

John Maynard Keynes concluded with the observation "practical men" who chart national policies are more often than not the slaves of useless theories.

The political elite responsible for the current global disaster are disaster capital purveyors of antiCulture who intend to replace the gods of the past with the gods of the future within the next two decades.

Keynesian economics

"Capitalism is the astounding belief that the most wickedest of men

will do the wickedest of things for the greatest good of everyone."

John Maynard Keynes

Language evolves over time.

The word symbol liberal was originally defined as of, pertaining to, or befitting a freeman, free by birth.

Liberal acts became those actions appropriate for an adult person of free birth - a lady or a gentleman - an action inappropriate for a serf, slave, peasant, landless craftsmen (tailors, cobblers, carpenters, blacksmiths).

Over time a connotation developed with use of the word liberal.

An individual branded liberal was liberated from moral constraint, acted licentious, lacked moral restraint or exercised the freedom to live excessively.

When liberal was first used it was defined as a representational form of government, a republican form of government, as opposed to a monarchy.

In a monarchical system laws are designed to appease the landed aristocracy whereas in a representative form of government laws are designed by the people with the peoples overall welfare in mind.

Today those who define themselves as liberal:

Hahn's Masterpiece of Macroeconomics

A liberal individual may show a willingness to make "liberal" donations.

A liberal interpretation of a rule or law is not strict or rigorous while a liberal interpretation of the Bible is an interpretation that is not literal.

A liberal education is defined as an education based on the traditional arts and sciences that disciplines and conditions the mind through recognition.

Today a liberal education connotes liberation from moral constraint.

Opponents of liberalism have attempted to revive this obsolete definition as morally unrestrained or licentious opponents of the established moral order.

Usage: Liberal, Generous.

Liberal is freeborn, and generous is highborn.

The former is opposed to the ordinary feelings of a servile state, and implies largeness of spirit in the vein of giving, judging, acting as the Hero.

A nobleness of soul, in the past appropriate to those of high rank, - a spirit that goes out of self, and finds enjoyment in consulting constituents.

Generosity is measured by the extent of the sacrifices it makes.

"c. 1375; from old French, liberal "befitting free men, noble, generous;" from Latin, liberalis "noble, generous;" literally, "pertaining to a free man;" from liber "free;" from Proto-Indo-European base *leudheros; (Greek, eleutheros "free"), probably originally "belonging to the people" (though the precise semantic development is obscure), from *leudho- "people" (evolutions: Old Church Slavonic, ljudu; Lithuanian, liaudis; Old English, leod; German, Leute "nation, people").

Earliest reference in English is to the liberal arts (Latin, artes liberales), directed to a broader understanding, not immediate practical purpose.

Sense of "free in bestowing" is from 1387.

With a meaning "free from restraint in speech or action" (1490) liberal was used in the 16th century through the 17 century as a term of reproach.

"Free from prejudice, tolerant," emerged in 1776-88.

"Purely in reference to political opinion, "tending in favor of freedom and democracy" it dates from 1801, from the French libéral, originally applied in English by its opponents (often in French form and with suggestions of foreign lawlessness) to the party favorable to individual political freedoms.

But also (especially in American politics) tending to mean "favorable to government action to effect social change," which seems at times to draw more from the religious sense of "free from prejudicial favor of traditional opinions and established institutions" (and thus open to new ideas and plans of reform), which dates from 1823." - Douglas Harper

2016 I'm a liberal professor, and my liberal students terrify me

Ralph Nader corporate socialism

Ralph Nader democratic corporatism

unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.

This website defines a new perspective with which to en❡a❡e Яeality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the faλsification of reaλity outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern pr☠paganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reaλity on the human race. Religi☯us int☯lerance ☯ccurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religi☸us beliefs or persons due to their religi⚛us ide⚛l⚛gy. This web site marks the founding of a system of philºsºphy nªmed The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a ra☨ional gnos☨ic mys☨ery re☦igion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a pers∞nal relati∞n with Æ∞n through the pursuit of the knowλedge of reaλity in the hope of curing the spiritual c✡rrupti✡n that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Mŷsterŷ of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Vi☬lent acts against individuals due to their religi☸us beliefs in America is considered a "hate ˘rime."

This web site in no way c☬nd☬nes vi☬lence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartels desire to c✡ntr✡l the human race. The internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartel already controls the w☸rld ec☸n☸mic system, c☸rp☸rate media w☸rldwide, the global indus✈rial mili✈ary en✈er✈ainmen✈ complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the eg● w●rship and the destruction of gl☭bal ec☭systems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation with bi☣hazards at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the p☠pulace in general through c✡rp✡rate media by press☟ng em☠ti☠nal butt☠ns which have been πreπrogrammed into the πoπulation through prior c✡rp✡rate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the fami♙y and the destruction of s☠cial structures that do not adhere to the corrupt internati☭nal elites vision of a perfect world. Through distra˘tion and coercion the dir⇼ction of th✡ught of the bulk of the p☠pulati☠n has been direc⇶ed ⇶oward s↺luti↻ns proposed by the corrupt internati☭nal elite that further con$olidate$ their p☣wer and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular ☨hough☨. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Øpinion and ☨hough☨s have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and ☨hough☨ has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her ☨hough☨s and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.

Fair Use Notice

This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of ¢riminal justi¢e, human rightϩ, political, politi¢al, e¢onomi¢, demo¢rati¢, s¢ientifi¢, and so¢ial justi¢e iϩϩueϩ, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for rėsėarch and ėducational purposės. For more information see: If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Dedicated to the establishment of knowledge, truth, justice and a clear understanding of Яeality as the American way!
Copyright © Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved