morality versus obedience

the moral sense

"There is no way of coming at a true theory of society, but by inquiring into the nature of its component individuals.

To understand humanity in its combinations, it is necessary to analyze humanity in its elementary form.

We quickly find that every phenomenon exhibited by an amalgamation of men, originates in some quality of the individual man.

A little consideration shows us, for instance, that the very existence of society, implies some natural affinity in its members for such a union.

It is pretty clear too, that without a certain fitness in mankind for ruling, and being ruled, government would be an impossibility.

The infinitely complex organizations of commerce, have grown up under the stimulus of certain desires existing in each of us.

It is from our possession of an emotion to which they appeal, that religious institutions have been called into existence.

We see throughout nature that the properties of a community are dependent upon the attributes of each and every one of its component parts.

Every social action must have its origin in a property of the individual.

Just as the attractions and affinities latent in separate atoms, become visible when those atoms are approximated; so the forces that are dormant in the isolated men, are rendered active by juxtaposition with his fellows.

Social philosophy suggests moral law originates naturally.

Had we no other inducement to eat other than survival, it is scarcely probable that our bodies would be so well cared for as now.

If, in addition to these needs of the body, all other requirements of our nature were similarly consigned to the sole care of the intellect - were knowledge, property, freedom, reputation, friends, sought only at the intellects dictation - then our investigations would be perpetual, our estimates complex, our decisions so difficult that life would be wholly occupied in the collection of evidence and the balancing of probabilities.

Quite different, however, is the method of nature.

We find in self desire; essential requirements induce powerful impulses.

Longings for food, for sleep, for warmth, are irresistible; the intense gratification derived therefrom is quite independent of foreseen advantages.

Continuance is secured not in obedience to reason but often in defiance.

That men are not impelled to accumulate the means of subsistence solely by a view to consequences, is proved by the existence of skinflints, in whom the love of acquisition is gratified to the neglect of the ends.

We find employed a like system of regulating our conduct to our fellows.

We behave in the public in the most agreeable manner, a love of praise.

Get Together

With A Little Help From My Friends

Teens catch happiness, not depression, from friends

Friends Have Similar Neural Responses

It is desirable that there should be a segregation of those best fitted for companionship - hence the sentiment of friendship from mirror neurons.

May we not then reasonably expect to find a like instrumentality employed in impelling us to conduct in observance what we call morality ?

Guided to bodily welfare by instincts from which spring domestic relationships.

Similar agencies secure indirect benefit by regulating social behavior.

We possess a " Moral Sense," a duty to dictate rectitude in transactions; we enjoy gratitude through fair dealing; giving birth to the sentiment of justice.

"The object of our rule should be 'the greatest happiness to the greatest number?" the patrician

"Such is our Øpinion," answers the petitioning plebeian.

Whereupon, after some shuffling, our petitioner is forced to confess, that he has no other authority but his own feeling - that he has simply an innate perception of the fact; or, in other words, that "his moral sense tells him so."

In truth, none but those committed to a preconceived theory, can fail to recognise, on every hand, the workings of such a faculty.

From early times downward there have been constant signs of its presence - signs which happily thicken as our own day is approached.

The articles of Magna Charta embody its protests against oppression.

But how, it may be asked, can an emotion have perception?

How can a desire give rise to a moral sense ?

To elucidate this we must take an example.

Contrast the skinflint and the spendthrift.

Accompanying his devotedness to accumulation, the skinflint has a quite peculiar belief in the worth of money.

The most stringent economy he thinks virtuous; and anything like the most ordinary liberality vicious; whilst of extravagance he has an absolute horror.

Whatever adds to his store seems to him good, whatever takes from it, bad.

Should a passing gleam of generosity lead him on occasion to open his purse, he is pretty sure afterwards to reproach himself as having done wrong.

Whilst the spendthrift is deficient in the instinct of acquisition, he also fails to realize the intrinsic worth of property;

The spendthrift regards saving habits as mean; and holds that there is something noble in profuseness.

Here a confounding of intellectual intelligence with emotional intelligence.

It is clear perceptions of the propriety or impropriety of certain lines of conduct, do not originate with the intellect, but with the emotional faculties.

"I think I do not err in stating that there is in our souls some native seed of reason, which, if nourished by good counsel and training, flowers into virtue, but which, on the other hand, if unable to resist the vices surrounding it, is stifled and blighted." - Etienne de la Boétie, The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude

Reflections Of My Life

Intellect, uninfluenced by desire, would show both skinflint and spendthrift their habits were unwise; whereas the intellect, influenced by desire, makes each think the other a fool, but doesn't enable him to see his own foolishness.

Every desire is accompanied by a moral sense of the rightness of actions.

Human desire generates the moral sense according to the pleasure or pain they bring; and always generates such convictions when unopposed.

However, there is nearly always a perpetual emotional conflict - an antagonism throughout life resulting from the incongruity of belief.

Only when desire is predominant, or no adverse desire exists, does relation between instincts and opinions they dictate, become distinctly visible.

"If," say objectors, "this 'Moral Sense' originates different notions of duty in each age, each race, each individual, how can it afford a safe foundation for a systematic morality?"

The phenomena of social life, both past and present, illustrates the influence on the moral sense which is not readily explicable upon any other hypothesis.

Although decisions of moral sense are inaccurate and often contradictory, it may still be capable of generating a fundamental moral intuition, which can be logically unfolded into a scientific morality." - Herbert Spencer

unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.

This website defines a new perspective with which to en❡a❡e Яeality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the faλsification of reaλity outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern pr☠paganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reaλity on the human race. Religi☯us int☯lerance ☯ccurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religi☸us beliefs or persons due to their religi⚛us ide⚛l⚛gy. This web site marks the founding of a system of philºsºphy nªmed The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a ra☨ional gnos☨ic mys☨ery re☦igion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a pers∞nal relati∞n with the Æon through the pursuit of the knowλedge of reaλity in the hope of curing the spiritual c✡rrupti✡n that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Mŷsterŷ of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Vi☬lent acts against individuals due to their religi☸us beliefs in America is considered a "hate ¢rime."

This web site in no way c☬nd☬nes vi☬lence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartels desire to c✡ntr✡l the human race. The internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartel already controls the w☸rld ec☸n☸mic system, c☸rp☸rate media w☸rldwide, the global indus✈rial mili✈ary en✈er✈ainmen✈ complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the eg● w●rship and the destruction of gl☭bal ec☭systems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation with bi☣hazards of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the p☠pulace in general through c✡rp✡rate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been πreπrogrammed into the πoπulation through prior mass media psych☣l☣gical ☣perati☣ns. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of s☠cial structures that do not adhere to the corrupt internati☭nal elites vision of a perfect world. Through distra¢tion and ¢oer¢ion the dir⇼ction of th✡ught of the bulk of the p☠pulati☠n has been direc⇶ed ⇶oward s↺luti↻ns proposed by the corrupt internati☭nal elite that further con$olidate$ their p☣wer and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular ☨hough☨. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Øpinion and ☨hough☨s have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and ☨hough☨ has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her ☨hough☨s and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.

Fair Use Notice

This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of ¢riminal justi¢e, human rightϩ, political, politi¢al, e¢onomi¢, demo¢rati¢, s¢ientifi¢, and so¢ial justi¢e iϩϩueϩ, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for rėsėarch and ėducational purposės. For more information see: If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Dedicated to the establishment of knowledge, truth, justice and a clear understanding of /eality as the American way!
Copyright © Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved