stacks





1895 China cedes control of the Liaodong Peninsula to the Japanese in the first Sino-Japanese War.

Russia occupies the Liaodong Peninsula and builds Port Arthur.

1899 Herbert Hoover arrives in China, at the age of 24, with a reputation earned in the Australian gold fields as a shrewd, capable, and energetic mine manager.

Chang Yan-mao controlled the Kaiping Coal Mines.

Chang, looking for protection deeded over the entire enterprise to Hoover as trustee, contingent that the enterprise be recapitalized with an additional 1,000,000 lb and reconstituted as a joint Sino-British enterprise.

British shareholders ended up with 62.5% of the mine in exchange for British "protection".

The Kaiping Coal Company scandal in China set off the Boxer ("Fighters United for Justice") Rebellion.

"Francqui was a director with Hoover, in the Chinese Engineering and Mining Company (the Kaiping mines), through which Hoover transported 200,000 Chinese slaves to the Congo to work Francqui's copper mines." - John Hamill

"The disregard for human life permits cheap mining by economy in timber (supports). The aggrieved relatives are amply compensated - $30 per man." - Herbert Hoover report to his partner C. Algernon Moreing

"Hoover’s Chinese mining career took place during the turmoil of the political instability in China and he was a transnational player in the battle of concessions.

By putting Hoover’s deliberate efforts to conceal and to change the narrative of his Chinese mining career in direct relation to the historical events that they referenced, namely his mining career in China (1899-1901), his time as a board member of the CEMC (1901-1912), and the CEMC’s recruitment and transportation of 63,695 Chinese to South Africa (1904-1910), it will elucidate how these efforts filled the public sphere with myths and fragmented American historiography." - Jessica Karlsson



Herbert Hoover's Story: Kaiping Mines



1904 Japan fearing the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railway attack Russian positions starting the Russian-Japanese War.

1905 Americans supply the Japanese with 5 Holland-type VII-P submarines from the American Electric Boat Company.

1914 When the Great War starts Hoover is a mining engineer and financier living in London.

When hostilities erupt tens of thousands of American tourists trying to get home find their paper securities and travelers' checks are not being recognized.

Hoover sets up and organized an "American committee" to "get the busted Yankee home," making loans and cashing checks as needed.

Emile Francqui*, a Director of the Société Générale de Belgique, sets up the Belgian Relief.

Emile Francqui enlists Hoover whom he knew as a director in the Chinese Engineering and Mining Company.

Even though Herbert Hoover has been barred from dealing on the London Stock Exchange and his associate Stanley Rowe has been sent to prison for ten years Herbert Hoover is chosen to head the Commission for the Relief of Belgium, a corporation, with its own flag, navy, factories, mills and railroads.

Its $12-million-a-month budget is supplied by voluntary donations and government grants.

The world is told that the purpose of Belgian Relief effort is to feed the Belgian people.

The real purpose is to feed the German army.





1915 Edith Cavell, write to the Nursing Mirror in London on April 15, 1915 complaining that the Belgian Relief supplies were being shipped to Germany to feed the German army.

Sir William Wiseman, head of British Intelligence, and partner of Kuhn & Loeb has Edith Cavell executed as a spy.

1916 One billion lb of meat, one and a half billion lb of potatoes, one and a half billion pounds of bread, and one hundred twenty-one million lb of butter are shipped from Belgium to Germany.

Herbert Hoover's principal assistants are Prentiss Gray and Julius H. Barnes later became partners in J. Henry Schröder in New York after the war and amass large fortunes.

Julius H. Barnes became President of the Grain Corporation from 1917 to 1918, and Prentiss Gray was chief of Marine Transportation.

J. Henry Schröder partner, GA Zabriskie, is named head of the US Sugar Equalization Board.

ME Rionda, is president of Cuba Cane, and director of Manati Sugar, American British and Continental Corporation.

Kurt Freiherr von Schröder, is a director of Sao Paulo Coffee and North British and Mercantile Insurance Company.

GA Zabriskie presides over several of the largest baking corporations in the US: Empire Biscuit, Southern Baking Corporation, Columbia Baking.

1917 Woodrow Wilson appoints Herbert Hoover head the newly created US Food Administration.

Herbert Hoover choses Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss* as his principal assistant in the US Food Administration.

Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss become a partner in Kuhn & Loeb after marrying the daughter of Jerome Hanauer of Kuhn & Loeb.

1919 Herbert Hoover founds the Hoover Institute at Stanford University.





1921 Less than half of the land is under cultivation, food is almost unattainable.

Hoover’s American Relief Administration (ARA), a quasi-governmental relief organization created in 1919 through government appropriations and private donations, sets off to establish missions throughout the vast expanse of Russia.

Two years later, the ARA had managed to set up thousands of kitchens, administer about eight million inoculations.

Anti-Soviet sentiment in the ARA reinforced Soviet officials anti-American prejudices ultimately hindering the efficacy of the mission.

Vladimir Lenin refused the first American offers of food aid in 1919 and 1920.

The only alcohol being brought into Russia by the ARA was pure alcohol for medical purposes.

The first large medicinal shipment in June 1922 .

"This widespread practice of stealing from the American Relief Administration, at odds with the stipulations previously laid in place at negotiations, forced the Americans to take an extremely active role in supervising distribution.

This hands-on approach took the form of micromanagement." - Megan Ryan

Felix Warburg, James N. Rosenberg and Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss represent JOINT.

Rosenberg coordinated with the ARA and later directed a separate organization, the American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation, Agro-Joint.

By means of Agro-Joint and a subsidiary called the American Society for Jewish Farm Settlements in Russia, Rosenberg worked within the Soviet political system to help direct $8,000,000 of donated aid in order to resettle 300,000 displaced Jews from Russian ghettos into farms mainly in the Crimea.

Strauss became Hoover's private secretary and confidant at one point.



calvin coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge, Jr.

Liberty is not collective, it is personal.

All liberty is individual liberty.



"Calvin Coolidge did say that the business of America is business and the American elite political class did adopted this view, but the Constitution cannot be used to justify it.

The word "business" in the sense of "commercial firm" occurs nowhere.

Nowhere does the Constitution direct the government to even promote commerce or even defend private property.

The Constitution is clear.

It was established to promote just six goals:

(1) form a more perfect union,

(2) establish justice,

(3) insure domestic tranquility,

(4) provide for the common defense,

(5) promote the general welfare, and

(6) secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.






The Constitution does not prohibit the government from promoting commerce or defending private property, but what happens when doing so conflicts with one or more of its six purposes?

Shouldn't any law that does be unconstitutional?

Wouldn't it be difficult to claim that a bankruptcy procedure that protects business and subordinates or dismisses the claims of workers and injured plaintiffs establishes justice?

How can spending trillions of dollars to save financial institutions and other businesses whose very own actions brought down the global economy be construed as establishing justice or even promoting the general welfare?

These actions clearly conflict with the Constitution's stated goals.

Shouldn't they have been declared unconstitutional?

Although the Constitution does provide people with the right to petition for a redress of grievances, it does not clearly provide that right to organizations or corporations and it certainly does not provide to anyone the right to petition the government for special advantages.

Yet that is what the Congress, even after its members swear to support and defend the Constitution of the United States, allow special interest groups to do." - John Kozy



Herbert Hoover


1929 Herbert Hoover selected president.

2017 GOP tax bill is straight out of 1929

1932 Herbert Hoover appoints Benjamin Cardozo to the Supreme Court to succeed Oliver Wendell Holmes.


1933 Herbert Hoover puts forward a plan to bail out the failing banks.

Herbert Hoover: Father of the New Deal



Bonus Army

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