Socrates questioned everything and everyone, offending the Archons.    He was found quilty of heresy as charged and sentenced to drink hemlock which cost him his life.

"Kronos, we owe a cock to Aesculapius."

(proper hermeneutics)

What Socrates Understood about Justice, Truth, and Power

"The sign is a voice which comes to me and always forbids me to do something which I am going to do, but never commands me to do anything - and this is what stands in the way of my being a politician. "

desire to know truth

"False words infect the soul with evil."


i can not teach anybody anything, i can only make them think

"American colleges and universities are in the

business of strengthening unexamined prejudices.

Most of the colleges and universities in

America have become enforcers of orthodoxy.

This is not what Socrates had in mind." - Fred White

Socratic method

What is Philosophy?: Crash Course Philosophy #1

How to Argue - Philosophical Reasoning: Crash Course Philosophy #2

How to Argue - Induction & Abduction: Crash Course Philosophy #3

"The truth is that I have no regular disciples:

if anyone wants to listen while I am pursuing my quest, whether he be young or old, he may freely come.

I must tell the truth - the result of my quest revealed:

I found that the men most in repute were foolish;
and that 'inferior' men were really wiser and better."


Plato's cave


Plato's Command-and-Control Utopia

Hollywood promotes war
for the Pentagon, CIA and NSA


A true philosopher's goal of wisdom
is gained through thought process' designed to discover the eternal immutable essence of all things.


"Ever since Plato first perceived that the inquiry into the nature of the good life of the individual was necessarily associated with a converging (and not parallel) inquiry into the nature of the good community, a close and continuing association has persisted between political philosophy and philosophy in general.

Not only have most of the eminent philosophers contributed generously to the main stock of our political ideas, but they have given the political theorist many of his methods of analysis and criteria of judgment.

Historically, the main difference between philosophy and political philosophy has been a matter of specialization rather than one of method or temper.

By virtue of this alliance, political theorists accepted as needed the basic quest of the philosopher for systematic knowledge." - Sheldon S. Wolin, Politics and Vision

The Cave you Fear to enter contains your Soul.

Introduce your consciousness stream to your Soul.

The Soul of Man is defined as:

The heart of one's essence.

An individual's emotional or moral nature.

The disembodied spirit of a dead human.

The central or integral part; the vital core.

A spark of God's soul embedded in human flesh.

The essence of an individual that holds conscience.

The seat of real life or vitality; source of action; animating essential part.

A personification as the perfect embodiment of an intangible quality.

Noble manifestation of the heart or moral nature; inherent power or goodness.

The spiritual nature of humans, sometimes regarded as immortal, separable from the body at death; susceptible to happiness or misery in a future state.

The animating and vital principle in humans, credited with the faculties of thought, action, and emotion and often conceptualized as an immaterial entity.

The spiritual, rational, and immortal part in man which enables him to think.

There is some disagreement as to what exactly the Soul may be.

622 BC Landed aristocracy rules Athens.

The economy depended on surrounding farms, especially the large estates owned by rich noble families, the aristocracy.

Nearly all government decisions and operations are in the hands of a half-dozen leaders called archons and lesser officials called magistrates.

Indebtedness magnified the hatred of the commoners towards the aristocrats.

A poor farmer had to borrow seed from a rich landowner to plant his crops.

In share cropping the farmer pay his debt with a share of the harvest.

Those without land had to work as tenants by renting farm plots.

Draco carves his laws on an oak column.

According to Aristotle, one of the few ancient sources we have for Draconian Law, these magik runes are stained with human blood, not ink.

Draconian laws severely punished lawbreakers.

594 BC Seeing disaster looming, both the aristocracy and common people of Athens support the election of Solon as primary archon.

Athenians grant Solon, age 35, nearly unlimited powers to write new laws.

The Athenians chose Solon to mediate their crisis for several reasons.

The aristocrats approve that he is of noble birth.

The commoners truste him as a merchant who trades for a living.

Solon suggested that all the citizens of Athens were responsible for the common good - not just the ruling archons and magistrates.

Solon attempted to make the court system fair to the lower classes.

"To the people I have given such honor as is sufficient, neither taking away nor granting them more.

For those who had power and were great in riches, I greatly cared that they should suffer nothing wrong.

Thus I stood, holding my strong shield over both, and I did not allow either side to prevail against justice." - Solon

He made it possible for any citizen to step forward and seek justice.

Before only the actual victim of wrongdoing could make a complaint.

The powerful could easily threaten victims to discourage complaints.

Solon's law code is based on two fundamental principles.

The first is laws are fixed and not easily changed.

The second is laws must apply equally to everyone, aristocrats and commoners alike.

Solon's code of law covered virtually every aspect of life—theft, treason, taxation, vagrancy, adoption, boundaries, loans, and religion, among many others.

Solon rejected all but one Draconian law — the homicide law.

Solon's laws differed greatly from Draco's code.

He made it a crime to publicly speak evil of either the living or the dead.

Solon allowed a husband to kill an adulterer caught in the act.

A theft committed at night or in a public place carried a weighter penalty.

Solon's laws focused on compensating victims and preventing future conflicts.

404 BC Spartan imposes an oligarchy that rules Athens after the Peloponnesian War.

Thirty commissioners are appointed to the oligarchy led by Critias.

The oppressive regime fosters a bloody purge, in which perhaps 1,500 residents are killed.

Moderates flee the city; gather a force, they returned to defeat the tyrants' forces in a battle at Piraeus in 403.

unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.

This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of the Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.

Fair Use Notice

This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information see: If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Dedicated to the establishment of knowledge, truth, justice and a clear understanding of reality as the American way!
Copyright © Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved