Socrates questioned everything and
everyone, offending the Archons.
He was found quilty of
heresy as charged and
sentenced to drink hemlock which cost him his life.
truth is that I have no
if anyone wants to listen while I am pursuing my quest, whether he be
young or old, he may freely come.
I must tell the truth - the result of my
found that the men most in repute were foolish;
and that 'inferior' men were
really wiser and better."
since Plato first perceived that the
the nature of the good life
of the individual was necessarily associated with a converging (and not
parallel) inquiry into the
nature of the good community, a close and continuing association has
persisted between political
philosophy and philosophy in
Not only have most of
philosophers contributed generously to
the main stock of our political
ideas, but they have given the
political theorist many of his methods of analysis and
criteria of judgment.
Historically, the main difference between philosophy and
political philosophy has
been a matter of
specialization rather than
one of method or temper.
By virtue of this alliance, political theorists accepted as needed
the basic quest of the philosopher
for systematic knowledge." - Sheldon S. Wolin, Politics and
The Cave you Fear to enter
contains your Soul.
Introduce your consciousness stream to your Soul.
The Soul of Man is defined as:
The heart of one's essence.
An individual's emotional or moral nature.
The disembodied spirit
of a dead human.
The central or integral part; the vital core.
A spark of God's soul embedded in human flesh.
The essence of
an individual that holds conscience.
The seat of real life or vitality;
source of action; animating essential part.
A personification as the
perfect embodiment of an intangible quality.
Noble manifestation of the
heart or moral nature; inherent power or goodness.
The spiritual nature
of humans, sometimes regarded as immortal, separable from the body at death;
susceptible to happiness or misery in a future state.
The animating and
vital principle in humans, credited with the faculties of thought, action, and
emotion and often conceptualized as an immaterial entity.
rational, and immortal part in man which enables him to think.
some disagreement as to what
exactly the Soul may be.
BC Landed aristocracy rules Athens.
The economy depended on
surrounding farms, especially the large estates owned by rich noble families,
Nearly all government decisions and operations are in
the hands of a half-dozen leaders called archons and lesser officials called
Indebtedness magnified the hatred of the commoners towards
A poor farmer had to borrow seed from a rich landowner
to plant his crops.
share cropping the farmer pay his debt
with a share of the harvest.
land had to work as tenants by renting
Draco carves his laws on an oak
According to Aristotle, one of the few ancient sources we have
for Draconian Law, these magik runes are stained with human blood, not
severely punished lawbreakers.
BC Seeing disaster looming, both the aristocracy and common people of
Athens support the election of Solon as primary
Athenians grant Solon, age 35, nearly unlimited powers to write
The Athenians chose Solon to
mediate their crisis for several
The aristocrats approve that he is of noble birth.
commoners truste him as a merchant
who trades for a living.
Solon suggested that all the citizens of
Athens were responsible for the common good - not just the ruling archons and
Solon attempted to make the court system fair to the lower
"To the people I have given such honor as is sufficient,
neither taking away nor granting them more.
For those who had power and
were great in riches, I greatly cared that they should suffer nothing wrong.
Thus I stood, holding my strong shield over both, and I did not allow
either side to prevail against justice." - Solon
He made it possible for
any citizen to step forward and seek justice.
Before only the actual
victim of wrongdoing could make a complaint.
The powerful could easily
threaten victims to discourage
Solon's law code is based on two fundamental principles.
The first is laws are fixed and not easily changed.
is laws must apply equally to everyone, aristocrats and commoners alike.
Solon's code of law covered virtually every aspect of lifetheft,
vagrancy, adoption, boundaries, loans, and religion, among many others.
Solon rejected all but one Draconian law the homicide
Solon's laws differed greatly from Draco's code.
He made it
a crime to publicly speak evil of either the living or the dead.
allowed a husband to kill an adulterer caught in the act.
committed at night or in a public place
carried a weighter penalty.
Solon's laws focused on compensating
victims and preventing future conflicts.
404 BC Spartan imposes an oligarchy that rules Athens after
the Peloponnesian War.
Thirty commissioners are appointed to the
oligarchy led by Critias.
The oppressive regime fosters a bloody purge,
in which perhaps 1,500 residents are killed.
Moderates flee the city;
gather a force, they returned to defeat the tyrants' forces in a battle at
Piraeus in 403.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of the
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain
copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our
efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political,
economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe
this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for
in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C.
Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those
who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for
research and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved