stacks



"Without Jiminy Cricket on his shoulder, Pinocchio would never have become
a real boy – he would have always remained a puppet." - Patrick Fagan

8 Myths about Lying


dialectic revival

"Contradictions do not exist.

Whenever you think you are facing

a contradiction check your premises
.

You will find that one of them is wrong."

Alissa Zinovievna Rosenbaum



"Sentences may be not only true or false but meaningless because of inconsistent uses of language patterns." - Bertrand Arthur William Russell

Liar Paradox shows the common understanding of the essence of tautologies and fallacies actually leads to an irreconcilable contradiction.

Sentences can be constructed completely in accord with grammar and semantic rules that cannot consistently be assigned a truth value.

Consider the simplest version of the paradox, the sentence;

This statement is false.

If we suppose the statement is true, everything asserted in it must be true.

However, because the statement asserts that it is itself false, it must be false.

The hypothesis it is true leads to the contradiction as it is both true and false.

The hypothesis the sentence is false also leads to a contradiction.

If the statement is false, then what it says about itself is not true.

It says that it is false, so that must not be true. Hence, it is true.

Under either hypothesis, the statement is both true and false.

We feel the statement must be either true or false.

This points to a contradiction in the way we abstractly visualize reality.

As the Liar Sentence can be shown to be true if it is false and false if it is true the Liar Sentence can be neither true or false as it is simply nonsense.

To solve the riddle of the Liar Paradox one must reject a common myth about truth and falsity - the claim every statement has to be true or false.

This is called the Principle of Bivalence.

A strengthened version of the Liar Paradox counters the proposal that the statement is neither true or false.

This statement is not true.

If this statement is not true, then it is false - which is not what it says.

Every statement includes an implicit assertion of its own truth.

For example the statement "It is true that two plus two equals four" does not actually need the words "It is true" as this is implicit in all statements.

Thus the statement;

This statement is false.

Is logically equivalent to;

This statement is true and this statement is false.

This is a simple contradiction of the form "A and not A".

This statement is false is a logical contradiction.

This analysis does not provide a solution to versions of the Liar Paradox that do not use direct self-reference, such as the two-sentence version:

The next sentence is false.

The preceding sentence is true.

Neither of these is by itself contradictory, but there is no way to assign
truth values to them consistently, so we still have a paradox.

Series of sentences are paradoxical or congruent upon contingent facts.



disney story lines

Threats don’t stop kids from lying

Scary stories won’t stop kids from lying



I've been one rotten kid

Some son, some pride and some joy

But I'll get over these lousin' up

Messin' up, screwin' up times


You'll see, ma, now comes the better part

Someone's gonna make good cross his heart

Make good and finally make you

Proud of your boy


Tell me that I've been a louse and loafer

You won't get a fight here, no, ma'am

Say I'm a goldbrick, a goof-off, no good

But that couldn't be all that I am

Water flows under the bridge, let it pass

There's no good reason you should believe me,

not yet I know, but someday and soon

I'll make you proud of your boy

Though I can't make myself taller

Or smarter or handsome or wise

I'll do my best, what else can I do?

Since I wasn't born perfect like dad or you

Mom, I will try to try hard to make you

Proud of your boy



political language

Doublespeak


"Real political discourse makes use of subconscious thought, which shapes conscious thought through subconscious framing and commonplace conceptual metaphors." - George Lakoff

"When one watches some tired political hack on the platform mechanically repeating the familiar phrases -- bestial atrocities, iron heel, bloodstained tyranny, free peoples of the world, stand shoulder to shoulder -- one often has a curious feeling that one is not watching a live human being but some kind of dummy: a feeling which suddenly becomes stronger at moments when the light catches the speaker's spectacles and turns them into blank discs.

This is not altogether fanciful as a speaker who uses that kind of phraseology has gone some distance toward turning himself into a machine.

The appropriate noises are coming out of his larynx, but his brain is not involved as it would be if he were choosing his words for himself.

If the speech he is making is one that he is accustomed to make over and over again, he may be almost unconscious of the script he is repeating.

This reduced state of consciousness is required for political conformity.

Political speech is largely the defense of the indefensible.

Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of the political parties.

Political language has to consist largely of euphemism, question begging and sheer cloudy vagueness to fool the two wings of political thought.

Defenseless villages are bombarded from the air, cattle machine gunned, huts set on fire with incendiary bullets: this is called pacification.

Millions of peasants are robbed of farms and sent trudging along roads with what they can carry: this is transfer of population or rectification of frontiers.

People are imprisoned for years, shot in the back or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber camps: elimination of unreliable elements." - George Orwell



no thinking allowed

Critical Thinking

None But Ourselves Can Free Our Minds


"Critical thinking is reasonable,

reflective thinking that is focused on deciding

what to believe or do." - Robert Ennis




"When things become unthinkable,
thinking stops and actions becomes mindless."

J. William Fulbright


Introduction to Critical Thinking

Beyond Logicism in Critical Thinking


"Better than a hundred years lived in ignorance, without contemplation, is one single day of life lived in wisdom and in deep contemplation." - Dhammapada


"In a world of shallow values, instant gratification, and quick fixes, critical thinking is for those few that see the benefit of intellectual traits, standards and abilities that enable them to cut through the propaganda, the information blitz, and make sense of the world." - Richard Paul


Critical thinking is analytical thinking.

Critical thinking questions are used to explore mental models.

Critical thinking is a process for actively exploring situational reality.

Critical thinking involves being skeptical:

identifying ambiguities and assumptions;

identifying contradictions;

deciding whether a definition is adequate;

examining the logic leading to a given conclusion;

judging whether a statement is overly general;

critiquing the application of principles and concepts;

and determining whether a statement made by authority is relevant.






"Thinking isn't rewarded because it isn't wanted.

The idea of creating the need to gain admission to an elite university is to make sure bright students channel their energies in approved ways.

Their study is just a test of ambition, endurance and intelligence.

If a student puts up with such study she/he will do whatever it takes.

The expected result of such Pavlovian training is the ideal employee.

One who will automatically think only along approved lines, going along with whatever is demanded of him to get along. "- Raymond J. Rostan



conclusions

British MI5 agents commit crimes in the UK

"For our society to suceed and thrive, people must be able to
come to conclusions
through some sort of deductive process."

Charles W. Buckman




unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.




This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.


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