"Without Jiminy Cricket on his shoulder,
Pinocchio would never have become
a real boy he would have always
remained a puppet." - Patrick Fagan
Liar Paradox shows the common
understanding of the essence of tautologies and fallacies actually leads to
Sentences can be
constructed completely in accord with grammar and semantic rules that
cannot consistently be assigned a
simplest version of the paradox, the sentence;
This statement is false.
If we suppose the statement is true,
everything asserted in it must
However, because the
statement asserts that it is itself false,
it must be false.
The hypothesis it is true leads
to the contradiction as it is both true and false.
the sentence is false also
leads to a
If the statement
is false, then what it says
about itself is not true.
It says that it is false,
so that must not be
true. Hence, it
hypothesis, the statement
is both true and false.
We feel the statement
must be either true or false.
This points to a
contradiction in the way we abstractly visualize reality.
Liar Sentence can be shown to be true if it is false and false if it is true
the Liar Sentence can
be neither true or false as it is simply nonsense.
To solve the
riddle of the Liar Paradox one must reject a common myth
about truth and falsity - the claim every statement has to
be true or false.
This is called the Principle of Bivalence.
A strengthened version of the Liar Paradox counters the proposal that
the statement is neither true or false.
This statement is not
If this statement is not true, then it is false - which is not
what it says.
Every statement includes an implicit assertion of its own
For example the statement "It is true that
two plus two equals
four" does not actually need the words "It is true" as this is
implicit in all statements.
Thus the statement;
statement is false.
Is logically equivalent to;
statement is true and this statement is false.
a simple contradiction of the
form "A and not A".
This statement is false
is a logical contradiction.
This analysis does not
provide a solution to versions of the Liar Paradox that do not use
direct self-reference, such as the two-sentence version:
sentence is false.
The preceding sentence is true.
these is by itself contradictory, but there is no way to assign
values to them consistently, so we still have a paradox.
sentences are paradoxical or
congruent upon contingent facts.
I've been one rotten
Some son, some pride and some joy
But I'll get over these
Messin' up, screwin' up times
You'll see, ma, now
comes the better part
Someone's gonna make good
cross his heart
Make good and finally make you
Proud of your boy
me that I've been a louse and
You won't get
a fight here, no, ma'am
Say I'm a goldbrick, a goof-off, no
But that couldn't be all that I am
Water flows under the bridge, let it
good reason you should believe me,
not yet I know, but
someday and soon
I'll make you proud of your boy
Though I can't make myself taller
I'll do my best,
what else can I do?
Since I wasn't born perfect
like dad or you
Mom, I will try to try hard to make you
Proud of your boy
"When one watches some
tired political hack on the platform mechanically repeating the familiar
phrases -- bestial
tyranny, free peoples of the
world, stand shoulder to
shoulder -- one often has a curious feeling that one is not watching
a live human being but
some kind of dummy: a feeling which suddenly becomes stronger at moments
when the light catches
the speaker's spectacles and turns them into blank discs.
not altogether fanciful as a speaker who uses that kind of phraseology has
gone some distance
toward turning himself into a machine.
appropriate noises are coming out of his larynx, but his brain is not involved
as it would be if he were choosing his
words for himself.
If the speech he is making is one that he is
accustomed to make over and over again,
he may be almost unconscious of
the script he is repeating.
This reduced state of
consciousness is required for political conformity.
Political speech is largely the
defense of the indefensible.
Things like the continuance of British
rule in India, the Russian
purges and deportations, the
dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but
only by arguments which are too
brutal for most people to face, and which
do not square with the
professed aims of the political parties.
Political language has to
consist largely of euphemism, question begging and
sheer cloudy vagueness to fool
the two wings of political thought.
Defenseless villages are bombarded
from the air, cattle machine
gunned, huts set on fire with incendiary bullets: this is called
Millions of peasants are robbed
of farms and sent trudging along roads with what they can carry: this is
transfer of population or
imprisoned for years,
shot in the back or sent to die of
scurvy in Arctic lumber
camps: elimination of
unreliable elements." - George Orwell
Critical thinking is
Critical thinking questions are
used to explore mental models.
Critical thinking is a process for
actively exploring situational reality.
Critical thinking involves
identifying ambiguities and
deciding whether a
definition is adequate;
examining the logic leading to a
judging whether a
statement is overly general;
critiquing the application of
principles and concepts;
whether a statement made by authority is relevant.
"Thinking isn't rewarded because it
The idea of creating the need to
gain admission to an elite
university is to make sure bright students channel their energies in
Their study is just a test of
If a student puts up with such
study she/he will do whatever it takes.
expected result of such
Pavlovian training is the ideal
One who will
only along approved
lines, going along with whatever is
demanded of him to get along. "- Raymond J. Rostan
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
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