originally understood the danger of stamping the image of God on a man as they
saw how Pharaoh could act capriciously.
Bad bureaucratic management
practices, such as creative accounting ala Dick Cheney, could put the entire
culture in the danger zone.
William of Ockham reminds us that what is
most likely is closer to the truth than fanciful notions.
If Jesus was
born in Nazareth to Palestinian parents he would have been a Semite, a
descendent of Shem, and looked like the people that inhabited Palestine at the
The image of a North European Jesus appeared late in history when
Caesar Borgia chose his son as the model of Jesus.
"Come to me,
all you who are weary and
and I will give you rest.
Take my yoke upon you
and learn from me,
for I am
gentle and humble in heart,
and you will find rest for your
my yoke is easy and my burden is light."
"His hands are miracles. I can watch them for
hours, transforming wood into something it never dreamed of being." - Katja
"To know intimately the nature of wood, paper,
glass, sheet metal, terra cotta, cement,
concrete, is essential to
knowing how to use
the tools available to make use of those materials, sensibly or artfully." -
Frank Lloyd Wright
The Hebrews of the era Jesus
lived were innovators in
The majority, if not all, were taught to read
and write Hebrew.
Wandering Tannaim spread Torah by the Oral Tradition along with the
first shared by Pharaoh Akhenaten and
embedded within the
religion of Moshe Rabbenu of
unification of diverse
ways of thinking through the
use of symbol systems.
The philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca
remarked that the Hebrews were the only
people who knew the reasons for their relgious faith, something which the
apostle Peter continued to commend (1 Peter 3:15).
undoubtedly received a Hebrew education
perhaps along these lines: at 10 years of age ready for the study of the
Oral Torah, at 20 for pursuing a
vocation, at 30 for entering full vigor.
Jesus, as a wandering
Tannaim practicing the Hebrew Oral
Tradition, entered his ministry at about 30
years of age.
Jesus, trinity bound into human flesh,
channeled Three Avatars of the Creator - Tekton,
The Invention of the Jewish People
Synoptic Gospels leave out the life of
Jesus between adolescence and the beginning of his public ministry when Jesus
became a Tannaim.
They do say what Jesus did in that time: "Jesus left
there and went to his hometown, accompanied by his
disciples. When the
Sabbath came, he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him were
"Where did this man get these things?" they asked. "What's
this wisdom that has been given him, that he
even does miracles! Isn't this the
carpenter? Isn't this Mary's son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and
Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?" And they took offense at him." (Mark
Joseph was more than a simple
carpenter in modern terms.
The Greek word describing Joseph's trade was
"Tekton" which included being
a master mason, master carpenter and metalsmith.
Nazareth was too small
to support any sort of fulltime Tekton, so Joseph travelled to
Sepphoris to find
employment selling his craft.
The historical city of Sepphoris is
situated four miles from Nazareth.
Sepphoris was the largest city in
Judah outside Jerusalem.
Herod the Great had made it his Galilean Capital.
4 BC Herod dies. His three sons go to Rome to
confirm their inheritance.
While they are absent a rebel leader named
Judas attacked Sepphoris.
Roman legions crush the rebellion, burn the
city and enslave the inhabitants.
"Romans generally did not exercise direct
rule on the basis of military occupation. They typically employed
local strongmen as puppet
rulers. The Romans maintained military garrisons somewhere in the general
area to make sure local leaders
remained puppets and to put down any attempts to overthrow them." - David
Ray Griffin, Christian Gospel for Americans
AD Herod Antipas determines to rebuild Sepphoris.
was built of the ruins of Sepphoris." - David Ray Griffin
Jesus is about
nine years old when the construction begins.
Labor from Nazareth is
employed in the construction including Joseph and his apprentice Jesus.
Archeological evidence from Sepphoris indicates that Greek was
Jesus' familiarity with Greek usages and Greek theater is
The word hypocrite comes from a
Greek word meaning 'one who acts
in a play,' and was often used by Jesus.
In Sepphoris Jesus of
Nazareth came into contact with Romans and
Anyone who has ever
worked in construction recognizes that accidents occur and those engaged in the
construction activity receive injuries.
Anyone with empathy, and every
intelligent employer, is versed in basic first aid for injuries sustained in
Jesus, as Joseph's foreman, would have understood basic first
Therapeutae were widely distributed in
the Ancient world, among the Greeks and beyond in the non-Greek world.
Philo was unsure
of the etymology of the
Therapeutae which he explained as meaning either Physicians of Souls or
Servants of Æon.
The term Therapeutae occurs in relation to
Æsculapius at Pergamon and also occurs in relation to worshipers of
Serapis in inscriptions, such as
The term therapeutikos carries in later texts the meaning of
attending to heal, or treating in a
spiritual or medical sense.
Therapeutae were on
the cutting edge (no pun intended) of medical science when Jesus worked with
his brothers and Joseph in Sepphoris.
Jesus was taught by
Therapeutae how to heal injuries sustained in accidents.
Jesus the Therapeutae
recognized the healing ability of the Holy
Anointing Oil of the Hebrews and shared it with the
19 AD Herod Antipas finances
an infrastructure project at
Tiberias which provides
employment for most of the Tektons in Galilee, including Jesus.
would have been paid very little, at most 2 sesterces per day.
project was complete Herod turned his attention to building
a fortress hide away a mountain
plateau near the Dead Sea - Jesus and his co-workers were not wanted or
needed for the secret work.
At that time Jesus built or repaired boats
by the Sea of Galilee and plows and yokes for farmers.
majority of wandering
rabbis had a trade to support their learning and teaching and there is no
reason to doubt that
carpentry may have been the trade that supported Jesus.
writer Justin says that "Jesus was considered to be the son of Joseph the
carpenter; and Jesus appeared without comeliness, as the Scriptures declared;
and Jesus was deemed a carpenter (for Jesus was in the habit of working as a
carpenter when among men, making ploughs and yokes; by which Jesus taught the
symbols of righteousness and an active life).
In Jesus' own hometown,
neighbors and passers-by all identified Jesus, not as someone given to
international travel and other flights of fancy, but as a
Joseph, Jesus' father, was a Tekton (Matthew 13:55), and
Jesus followed the family trade growing up. Career-hopping was rarely practiced
at that time; most sons, especially the firstborn, followed in their father's
profession. Jesus was no different.
There was a
saying among Hebrew men in the nation of
"If you do not teach your son a craft, you teach him how to be a
Joseph and Mary were hardly wealthy, and Nazareth was a small
The family of at least 5 sons needed money to survive
and construction is an honest trade .
Jesus' years as a carpenter was
what made his neighbors remember him.
he'd taken years off to study in foreign lands, he wouldn't be recognized or
remembered in such a way - their identification with him points out that Jesus
was locally known.
Carpenters at this time were highly skilled as there
were so few trees in Israel. Throughout the sermons of Jesus, there are many
references to things that a carpenter or Tekton would think about.
example, Jesus spoke about the "narrow
gate" that we have to go through. Jesus talked about building a
solid rock" and not
"upon the shifting
sand", another concept that a good 1st century Tekton would have known
In a beautiful passage, in Matthew 11:29, Jesus said that his
"yoke" was easy. Using carpentry skills Jesus could make a yoke that was
comfortable for the animals.
In Matthew 21:33,
Jesus talked about building a tower in a vineyard.
In another place,
Jesus told the parable of a king who was going to build a tower but did not
count the cost. You can see the mind of a Tekton working here. You have to know
the expenses before you begin such a project.
Jesus was a carpenter or
Tekton much longer than a preacher.
There are several things that are
very significant about Jesus profession as being a carpenter or
Jesus spoke about a " keystone".
Jesus spoke about a "city on a hill."
The fact that
Jesus was a carpenter, for 15
to 20 years, emphasizes that the Creator and Sustainer respects all
honorable work that we might do, even manual labor, as a carpenter or
Tekton would have been engaged in.
Jesus wanted us to understand that
as long as it is honest work that we are engaged
in, then any work is respectable in the eyes
of the Creator and Sustainer.
Jesus may have unwittingly signed his death
sentence by engaging in "anti-social" behavior.
Jesus condemned the
Pharisees for engaging in
exegesis as he recognized the
nullification of Torah through reintrepretation.
the Sadducees for teaching the
worldview of the Zaddikim which nullifies life itself.
likely shared the Holy Anointing
Oil of the Hebrews with non-Hebrews, the Therapeutae and
the Pharisees disapproved of
their close scientific healing knowledge being shared with
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