myth : metaphor
"Reasoning by metaphor is
an ingenious technique that
remedies our weaknesses by capitalizing on
our strengths - using things
we can visualize to think,
things we can not visualize." - Daniel
A metaphor is a symbolic
conceptual image that suggests something else.
For instance, I may
say to an individual, "You are a
I am not suggesting that I think the individual is literally a
"Nut" is a
In sacred text
metaphors are used to reference abstract thought constructs
transcendent of literal physical objects.
To think of a metaphor
itself as the reference is like going to a
restaurant, asking for the
menu, seeing an image
of beefsteak, and eating the
In conceptualizing metaphor, a subconscious automatic
mechanism for using inference
patterns and language from a
source domain to think and talk about another domain comes into
"Human qualities are vague and
They are best remembered by a physical sign.
visualized as metaphors human qualities." - Walter
"We think in metaphor.
Most of our commonplace
thoughts make use of an
extensive subconscious system of metaphorical concepts from
a concrete realm of
thought used to comprehend
another, completely different domain.
concepts are often reflected in
everyday language, but their most
dramatic effect comes in ordinary reasoning.
As so much of our social and political
reasoning makes use of this system of metaphorical concepts,
any adequate appreciation of even the most
mundane social and political thought requires an understanding of this
Unless one knows the
system exists, one may miss it
altogether and be
mystified by its effects." - George Lakoff
That is literally what is
denotation would appear to be that Jesus ascended into the sky.
that were really the intent of the message, we have to throw the message away,
there would have been no such
place for Jesus to literally go.
Jesus could not have ascended to
heaven because there is no physical heaven
anywhere in the universe as was thought up until
the time of Galileo
Even ascending at the speed of light, Christ would still be
in the galaxy.
simply eliminated that as a
If you read 'Christ ascended to heaven' in
terms of its metaphoric connotation, you see that
Christ has gone
inward - not into
outer space but into inward
space, to the place
from which all being comes into the consciousness of the Source of Life -
the Kingdom of Heaven.
These images are an
outward reflection of an inner reality.
To ascend with Christ we turn
Returning to the Source,
omega, of leaving the fixation on the material behind and going to
the dynamic Source of Life.
In the standard way of thinking of Christ ascending to heaven,
we cannot identify with Christ,
we have to imitate Jesus.
To say, "I and the Father are one,"
as Christ said, is blasphemy for
In the Gospel of
Thomas, dug up in Egypt in 1946, Christ says,
"He who drinks from my mouth
will become as I am, and I shall be he."
This is Buddhism.
We are all
manifestations of Buddha consciousness,
or Christ consciousness.
word "Buddha" means "the one who woke up."
We are all to do that! Find
wake up to the Buddha or
Christ Consciousness within us.
This is blasphemy to Christians that take the Bible
literally, but it is
the very essence of
Christian Gnosticism and of the
Gospel of Thomas.
metaphor in Christianity that corresponds to reincarnation is
If one dies
with a fixation on the things of
this Earth then one's spirit is
not ready to behold the beatific
vision, therefore one has to
undergo a purgation,
one has to be purged clean of
The limitations are
what are called sins.
Sin in this sense is simply
a limiting factor that
limits consciousness fixing it in an inadequate condition.
the Eastern metaphor, if you die in that condition, you come back again to have
more experiences that will clarify, clarify, clarify, until you are released
from these fixations.
The reincarnating soul is
the principal hero of Eastern myth.
soul puts on various personalities, throughout life and life after life.
idea is not that personality will be reincarnated.
Personality is what the soul throws
Soul may wear a dozen different personality
types, depending on role
needed, to clear itself of attachment to the
field of time.
India prophets,"rishis". are said to have 'heard'
sacred sound of Ohm.
Now anybody might open his ears, but not
everyone can hear the scriptures.
Many times they think there must have been a mistranslation.
There is training to help you open your
eyes, to pull the needle out
of your own eye, so that you can
begin to hear metaphorically instead of literally.
understood myth is grounded in subconscious archetype.
work requires yielding or
submitting to the creative
To a certain extent, you become the carrier of something that
is given to you from what have been called the
Muses - or, in biblical language,
This is no
fantasy, it is a fact.
Inspiration comes from the
subconscious, any communal group of the people have much in common, what
seer brings forth is something
waiting to be brought forth in everyone.
When one hears the story,
one responds, 'Aha! This is my story too!
This is what I had always
wanted to say but didn't know how to say it!'
- adapted from Joseph
not merely a matter of language.
It is a matter of
Conceptual structure is not merely
a matter of the
intellect - it involves
natural dimensions of
This structure includes not only mundane experience but
aesthetic experience as
well."- George Lakeoff & Mark Johnson
Metaphor is a word derived
from Old French Metaphore, which came from Latin Metaphora, meaning carrying
Allegory is a word that has been derived from Latin Allegoria,
meaning figurative or veiled language.
A metaphor is a figure of speech
wherein an unfamiliar subject is
described using an attribute of a familiar subject.
An allegory is a narrative in which an
element, such as a character or
representative of a particular
value or underlying idea.
"William Golding's Lord of the
Flies is a highly symbolic novel, and he uses both metaphor and allegory to
make his point." - Lori Steinbach
Metaphorical allegory is an extended
comparison of seemingly unrelated objects or actions composed upon a phrasal
foundational plinth using both metaphor and allegory interwoven into a spider's
The final result can be either the chaotic haphazard
helter-skelter any-old-which-way irregular overdone hit-or-miss reckless
slipshod web woven by a Black Widow playing a red violin, comparable to pulp
fiction belonging in the trash bin of non-recyclables, or the fine re-usable
weave of a Cross Orbweaver who bears the Cross for all to see while hanging out
and rolling up her weaving, comparable to a fine leather-bound gold-leaf
embossed timeless piece of literature that is faithfully returned time after
time to its cradle between old friends on a shelf behind beveled crystal glass.
The feeling of well-being cross'
cultural boundaries as
If the same forms of
well-being are widespread globally, we expect the same
metaphors for morality to show up in
culture after culture - and they do.
A system of metaphors for morality as
a whole is far from arbitrary.
Stubbing your toe in the dark is
evil, being able to see where you are going is good.
Better to walk
upright like a man than to slump like a chimp - moral men are on the up and up,
they stand up and are upstanding.
Immoral men do low things,
are underhanded, are snakes in the grass.
To do evil is to fall,
to descend. To do good is to
To climb is to ascend
with support - repaid or not -
as in lizards on the apex of
the ponzi pyramid climbed over the investors backs.
A moral person is strong;
an immoral person is
Some people have a "heart of gold", "do not have a mean bone in
their body" while others are "rotten
to the core".
trumps fear creating
courage to stand up to
We speak of a
"degenerate" person, the
"erosion" of moral standards,
the "crumbling" of moral
values, the "rupture" of the moral
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