"The CIA was conceived at the end of
World War II as the way America
could fight as dirty as any other nation. September 18, 1947 Truman signs the
National Security Act creating
the Central Intelligence Agency and National Security
So we needed in a bad world
something as evil as the Soviet KGB.
This has done more to destroy the
goodwill formerly enjoyed by America across the face of the Earth than anything
In addition, even in the intelligence arena, the CIA has
failed us on many important issues in the last 20 years.
over in keeping with our core values." - T. Willard Hunter
"From the very beginning of the postwar era, Washington
looked for proxies to combat the threat it perceived of world revolution." -
Peter Dale Scott
Frank Wisner is
appointed director of the Office of Special Projects, renamed the
Office of Policy Coordination shortly therafter.
an organization concentrated on "propaganda, economic warfare; preventive
direct action, including sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition and evacuation
measures; subversion against hostile states, including assistance to
underground resistance groups, and support of indigenous anti-Communist
elements in threatened countries of the free world."
Mockingbird to influence the domestic American media.
Graham to run the project in national media.
Philip Graham recruits
James Truitt, Russell Wiggins, Phil Geyelin, John Hayes, Alan Barth, Stewart
Alsop, Joseph Alsop and James Reston.
1951 Cord Meyer, married to Mary Eno Pinchot, second daughter
of Amos Pinchot, is recruited by
Allen Welsh Dulles.
(Mary Eno Pinchot Meyer is murdered in Georgetown, October
"I saw a neat and almost bloodless bullet hole in her
When Mary Meyer died, no one knew about her affair with John
Kennedy, or about her ex-husband' job managing the CIA' clandestine
The papers noted that Mary, 43, was a Georgetown artist, born
to a wealthy Pennsylvania family, daughter of Amos Pinchot, the Progressive
lawyer, and niece of Gifford Pinchot, the
conservationist and Teddy Roosevelt's chief forester." - Lance Morrow
Amos Pinchot, educated at Yale, was a member of
Deborah Davis claimed Meyer became Mockingbird's
Commissioned writers included:
Stewart Alsop (New York Herald Tribune);
Ben Bradlee (Newsweek);
Reston (New York
Charles Douglas Jackson
Walter Winchell (New
York Daily Mirror);
Walter Lippmann, William
Edgar Ansel Mowrer (Chicago Daily News);
William C. Baggs,
Hendrix & Herb Gold (Miami News);
Whitelaw Reid (New York Herald Tribune);
Jerry O'Leary (Washington Star);
Charles L. Bartlett (Chattanooga
Mockingbird had a major influence over individuals within 25
newspapers and wire agencies including:
William Paley (CBS);
Henry Luce (Time magazine and Life
Arthur Hays Sulzberger (New
Rogers Reid (New York Herald Tribune);
Dorothy Schiff (New York Post);
Alfred Friendly (managing editor
of the Washington Post);
Barry Bingham (Louisville Courier-Journal);
James S. Copley (Copley News Services).
Henry Luce, the owner of a
large media empire, became a key figure in
August, 1952 Office of
Policy Coordination and the Office of Special Operations merge to form the
Directorate of Plans (DPP).
Frank Wisner is head of this new
organization and Richard
Helms became his chief of operations.
Frank Wisner hires Desmond
Fitzgerald as executive officer of the Office of Policy Coordination's Far
FitzGerald arranged for over 200 agents to be
parachuted into China.
Over a two year period 101 were killed by local
peasants, the rest captured and imprisoned.
He also 'purchased' $152
million worth of foreign weapons and
ammunition for guerrilla
groups that never existed in China.
Based in Taiwan FitzGerald organized
covert operations during the Korean War.
FitzGerald personally organized
three different plots to assassinate Fidel Castro.
1953 Morse Allen orders the production of
The Black Art detailing the ease of hypnosis - for vetted employees
Official CIA Manual of Trickery and Deception appears in
CIA begins experiments in mind control.
LSD and other drugs are given
to American subjects without their knowledge and against their will,
causing several to commit suicide.
147 - study psychotomimetic drugs (produce psychosis)
Funded in part by
the Rockefeller and
Ford foundations, research includes
other forms of
Mind altering projects go under the code names of
Project MKNAOMI is a joint project
between the CIA and the Army's Special Operations Division involving the use of
chemical and biological agents for a variety of purposes including
incapacitation and elimination.
Items developed range from
"attaché cases rigged to disseminate an agent in the air; a cigarette
rigged to disseminate an agent when lighted; a fountain pen dart launcher; an
engine head bolt designed to release an agent when heated; a fluorescent light
starter to activate the light and then release an agent
Chemicals tested include:
atrophine, psilocybin, BZ
with Dibenzyline (blocking agents), LSM (Lysergic acid morpholide),
compounds and various
Agents are then enlisted to harass the test
"Gather information on their
as scurrilous and depraved.
Call attention to their habits and living
Explore every possible
Send in women and sex, break up
members arrested on marijuana charges.
conflicts or animosities between them.
Send articles to the newspapers
showing their depravity.
Use narcotics and free sex to
Use misinformation to confuse and disrupt.
records of their bank accounts.
Obtain specimens of handwriting.
Provoke target groups into rivalries
that may result in death."
An eight-page CIA manual titled A
Study of Assassination is penned by Sidney Gottlieb.
accident is the most effective technique the manual advises:
successfully executed, it causes little excitement and is only casually
investigated. The most efficient accident, in simple assassination, is
a fall of 75 feet or more
onto a hard surface. It will usually be necessary to stun or drug the
subject before dropping him. Care is required to insure that no wound or
condition not attributable to the fall is discernible after death. A rock or
heavy stick will do, and nothing resembling a weapon need be procured, carried,
or subsequently disposed of. Blows should be directed to the temple."
"The US played a significant role in
orchestrating the overthrow of a popular prime minister of
Iran, Mohammed Mossadegh.
Eisenhower administration believed its actions were justified for strategic
reasons, but the coup was clearly
a setback for the political
development of Iran.
It is easy to see now why many
Iranians continue to
resent this intervention by America in their internal affairs." -
1953 CIA funds the overthrow of the democratically elected
Mohammed Mossadegh in a military coup, after he threatens to nationalize
The CIA replaces him with a dictator, the
Shah of Iran, whose secret police,
SAVAK, is as brutal as the Gestapo and the Department of Homeland Security.
CIA funds the
overthrow of the democratically elected Jacob Arbenz in a military coup.
Arbenz has threatened to nationalize the Rockefeller-owned
United Fruit Company,
in which CIA Director Allen Welsh Dulles owns stock.
Arbenz is replaced
with a series of right-wing dictators whose bloodthirsty policies will kill
over 100,000 Guatemalans in the next 40 years.
Wisner arranges for the
funding the Hollywood production of Animal Farm.
Edward G. Lansdale spends
four years trying to overthrow the communist government of North Vietnam, using
the usual dirty tricks.
The CIA also attempts to legitimize a
tyrannical puppet regime in South Vietnam, headed by
These efforts fail to win the hearts and minds of the South
government is opposed to true democracy, land reform and
The continuing failure of the CIA results in escalating
American intervention, and culminates in the
1956 Radio Free
Europe incites Hungary to revolt by broadcasting Khruschev's Secret Speech(pdf), in which he denounces Stalin.
It also hints
that American aid will help the Hungarians fight.
This aid fails to
a doomed armed revolt inviting a
major Soviet invasion.
The conflict kills 7,000 Soviets and 30,000
In their authoritative book about the CIA entitled The
Invisible Government, Washington correspondents Thomas Ross and David Wise
relate how the US supplied a right-wing rebel force in Indonesia with arms and
a small air force of B-26 bombers in an attempt to overthrow Soekarno.
The attempt fails, but not before one of the American pilots, Allen
Lawrence Pope, is captured by loyalists.
"No wonder Soekarno doesn't
like us very much. He has to sit down with the people who tried to overthrow
him. " - John F. Kennedy
"His deep mistrust of the white West was
understandably compounded in the case of the United States by his knowledge
that in 1958 the CIA had participated in an effort to overthrow him." - Arthur
1957-1973 CIA carries out approximately one coup per year
trying to nullify Laos' democratic elections.
The problem is the Pathet Lao, a leftist group with enough popular
support to be a member of any coalition government.
In the late 50s,
the CIA even creates an "Armee Clandestine" of Asian
mercenaries to attack the
After the Armee Clandestine suffers numerous defeats, the
US starts bombing, dropping more bombs on Laos than all the US bombs dropped in
World War II.
A quarter of all Laotians eventually become refugees, many
living in caves.
Bombing Missions Over Laos From 1965-1973
Americas early proxy armies, the remnants of Nationalist Chinese KMT
forces in Burma and later Thailand, would continue to receive U.S. support into
Like the mafias in Europe and the yakuza in Japan, these
drug proxies had the advantage for secrecy of being off-the-books assets,
largely self-supporting through their drug dealing, and firmly
With needed US support, above all in the form of airlift
and arms, Li Mis irregulars were soon marketing, in the words of Richard
Stilwell (chief of OPC Far East), "almost a third of the worlds opium
supply."" - Peter Dale Scott
Steinem Discussing Her Time in the CIA
Military intelligence helps
"Papa Doc" Duvalier become dictator of Haiti.
He creates his own
private police force, the "Tonton Macoutes," who terrorize the population with
They will kill over 100,000 during the Duvalier family reign.
The US does not protest the dismal human rights record.
362 tonnes of weapons, ammunition and equipment as well as 85 trained
guerilla warfare specialists are dropped into Tibet.
Following the 1959
uprising, Tenzin Gyatso flees into
How CIA helped the Dalai Lama end up in
The CIA's Student-Activism Phase
the CIA helped Disney conquer Florida
Steinem Discussing Her Time in the CIA
'Chaos: Charles Manson, the CIA and the Secret History of the
CIA Involvement in the Assassinations of JFK and Dag
1960 CIA stages a coup and
installs Phoumi Novosan in Laos.
Time magazine interviews a CIA
officer who states a plan is in operation to polarize the communist and
anti-communist factions in Laos.
1,500 Cuban exiles invade Castro's Cuba at the Bay of
Pigs but the invasion fails, due to poor planning, security and backing.
The planners had imagined that the invasion will spark a popular
uprising against Castro - which never happens.
A promised American air
strike also never occurs.
Kennedy fires CIA Director Allen Welsh
Rafael Trujillo, a
genocidal dictator of the Dominican Republic Washington has supported since
Trujillo's business interests have grown so large (about 60% of
the economy) that they have begun competing with American business interests.
In Ecuador the CIA-backed military forces the
President Jose Velasco to resign.
Vice President Carlos Arosemana
replaces him; the CIA fills the now vacant vice presidency with its own man.
Democratically elected Patrice Lumumba in the Congo is assassinated.
Public support for Lumumba
is so high his opponents cannot be installed.
Years of political
turmoil follow whenever assassinations occur.
1963 General Abdel Karim Kassem is
disposed by the Baath Party.
The Central Intelligence Agency helps the
new Baath Party government in ridding the country of suspected leftists and
Communists including hundreds of doctors, teachers, technicians, lawyers and
other professionals as well as military and political figures.
overthrows the democratically
elected Juan Bosch in a military coup.
The CIA installs a
repressive, right-wing junta in the
CIA-backed military coup overthrows President Arosemana
of Ecuador , whose independent policies have become unacceptable to Washington.
A military junta assumes command, cancels the 1964 elections, and
begins human rights abuses.
DEPTEL 243 is drafted by W Averell Harriman, Roger Hilsman,
Michael Forrestal and approved by Richard Helms to Henry Cabot
"Cannot tolerate situation in which power lies in Nhu's hands.
If Diem remains obdurate and refuses Diem himself cannot be preserved. Tell
appropriate military commanders we will give them direct support in any interim
breakdown of central government mechanism."
CIA Document 1035-960: Foundation of a Weaponized
1964 CIA-backed military coup
overthrows the democratically elected
government of Joao Goulart
The junta that replaces it becomes one of the most
bloodthirsty in history.
General Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco
creates Latin America's first death squads, bands of secret police who hunt
down "communists" for torture, interrogation and murder.
"communists" are no more than Branco's political opponents.
Later it is
revealed that the CIA trains the death squads.
Branco is the first of
five Generals to serve as President during a twenty-one year military
Branco's government, unlike previous directly elected
Presidents Juscelino Kubitschek, Jânio Quadros and João Goulart,
is bankrolled from the start by loans from World
Bank and International Monetary
Overthrow of Cheddi Jagan in British
Desmond Fitzgerald is appointed as head of the Directorate for
Soekarno leads Indonesia in its struggle for independence from
the Netherlands and makes the takeover of Western New Guinea a focus of his
continuing struggle against Dutch imperialism.
Soekarno, the first
President of Indonesia
(1945 to 1967), forges a
fragile balance of power between the military, political Islam, communists,
and nationalists that underlay his "Guided Democracy".
The CIA has been
trying to eliminate Soekarno since 1957, using everything from attempted
assassination to sexual intrigue and is involved in the "training" of over
1,200 officers, "including senior military
On the dawn of 1 October 1965, six of Indonesia's most
senior army generals are kidnapped and murdered by the "30 September Movement".
The 30 September Movement consisted of members of the Presidential
Guards, Brawidjaja Division, and Diponegoro Division, under the command of a
Lieutenant-Colonel Untung bin Sjamsuri, a known communist sympathizer who
participated in the 1948 Partai Komunis Indonesia rebellion.
September Movement takes control of the only
radio station and broadcasts a statement declaring the
kidnappings are meant to protect Soekarno from a coup attempt by CIA influenced
His successor, General Suharto, goes on to
massacre between 500,000
to 1 million civilians accused of being "communist."
States and the Overthrow of Soekarno, 1965-1967
rebellion breaks out in the Dominican Republic, promising to reinstall Juan
Bosch as the country's elected leader.
The revolution is crushed when
US Marines land to uphold the military regime by force.
the king is pressured to George Papandreous as prime
Papandreous has failed to vigorously support US interests in
In Congo a CIA-backed military coup installs Mobutu Sese
Seko as dictator.
The hated and repressive Mobutu exploits his
desperately poor country.
opens the way to influence on the military and also on the political policies
of the recipient countries.
Experience has demonstrated that when an
arms deal is concluded, the military hardware is only the first step.
Almost invariably, a training mission is needed and the recipient
country becomes dependent on the supplier for spare parts and other ordinance."
- Eugene J. McCarthy, July 9, 1966, Saturday Review
1966 The Ramparts Affair
Ramparts begins a series of
unprecedented antiCIA articles.
Among their scoops: the CIA has paid
the University of Michigan $25 million dollars to hire "professors" to train
South Vietnamese students in covert police methods.
MIT and other
universities have received similar payments.
Ramparts also reveals that
the National Students' Association is a CIA front.
sometimes recruited through blackmail and bribery, including draft
Helms becomes director.
1967 CIA backed
military coup overthrows the government of Greece two days before the
The favorite to win is George Papandreous, the liberal
During the next six years, the "reign of the colonels" -
backed by the CIA - will usher in the widespread use of torture and murder
against political opponents.
When a Greek ambassador objects to
Lyndon Johnson about US
plans for Cypress, Johnson tells him: "Fuck your parliament and your
Desmond Fitzgerald dies of a heart attack while playing
tennis in Virginia.
PHOENIX program - The CIA
helps South Vietnamese agents identify and murder alleged Viet Cong leaders
operating in South Vietnamese villages.
A 1971 congressional
report says Phoenix kills about 20,000 "Viet Cong."
Operation CHAOS - The CIA has been illegally spying on American citizens
since 1959 Lyndon
Johnson dramatically boosts the effort.
CIA agents go undercover as
student radicals to spy on and disrupt campus organizations protesting the
They are searching for
Russian instigators, which they never find.
CHAOS will eventually
spy on 7,000 individuals and 1,000 organizations.
captures legendary guerilla Che Guevara in Bolivia.
The CIA wants to
keep him alive for interrogation, but the Bolivian government executes him to
prevent worldwide calls for clemency.
The CIA helped jail Nelson Mandela
1969 CIA torturer Dan
Mitrione arrives in Uruguay.
Motto: "The precise pain, in the precise
place, in the precise amount, for the desired effect."
previously use torture only as a last resort, Mitrione convinces them to use it
as a routine, widespread practice.
torture techniques he
teaches to the death squads rival the Nazis'.
He becomes so feared that
he is kidnaped and murdered.
Long-secret diplomatic documents reveal
Richard Nixon wanted
Uruguay's government to threaten to kill leftist
prisoners in an attempt to save the life of Dan Mitrione.
overthrows Prince Sahounek, highly popular among Cambodians for keeping
them out of the Vietnam War.
He is replaced by CIA puppet Lon Nol, who immediately throws Cambodian
troops into battle.
This unpopular move strengthens once minor
opposition parties like the Khmer Rouge, which achieves power in 1975 through
Over the past decade the Alliance for Progress
subsidy program for US exporters and private investors has created a trade
imbalance with Latin America of 15 billion dollars.
through the Alliance for Progress has contributed to the economic
development of the US and has gone into debt to do it.
No wonder we
prop up these governments and put down
revolutionaries." - Philip Burnett Franklin Agee
1971 After half a decade of CIA-inspired political turmoil, a
CIA-backed military coup overthrows President Juan Torres in Bolivia.
In the next two years, dictator Hugo Banzer will have over 2,000
political opponents arrested without trial, then tortured, raped and executed.
"Papa Doc" Duvalier dies, leaving his 19-year old son "Baby Doc"
Duvalier the dictator of Haiti.
His son continues his bloody reign with
full knowledge of the CIA.
1972 Case-Zablocki Act
passes an act requiring congressional review of executive agreements.
theory, this should make CIA operations more accountable.
In fact, it
is only marginally effective.
Congress votes to cut off CIA funds
for its secret war in Cambodia.
A team of burglars wiretap
Democratic offices at Watergate.
The team members have extensive CIA
histories, including James McCord, E. Howard Hunt and five Cuban burglars.
They work for the Committee to Reelect the President (CREEP),
which does dirty work like disrupting Democratic campaigns and laundering
illegal campaign contributions.
CREEP's activities are funded and
organized by another CIA front, the Mullen Company.
"I'm the Guy They Called Deep Throat"
nationalizes American-owned firms in Chile.
ITT offers the CIA $1
million for a coup.
Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez, son of Arturo
Alessandri (El presidente de la República de Chile: 1920 to 1925; and
1932 to 1938), presented a 189-page "Program for Economic Development" called
El ladrillo ("The Brick") in 1969
haciendo campaña es el jefe when he loses in 1970 to Salvador
CIA facilitates the
overthrow and assassination of Allende in Chile.
The main objective of
the US-supported military coup in Chile is the imposition of the global
neoliberal economic agenda.
Sweeping macro-economic reforms including
privatization, price liberalization and the freeze of wages are implemented
based on El ladrillo.
"I started to understand the role of
military-intelligence operations in support of what is described as a process
of "economic restructuring".
In my earlier writings on the Chilean
military Junta, I looked upon the so-called "free market" reform as an
instrument of "economic repression."
Two years later, I returned to
Latin America as a visiting professor at the National University of Cordoba in
the industrial heartland of Argentina.
My stay coincided with the 1976
military coup d'État.
Tens of thousands of people were arrested;
Desaparecidos were assassinated.
The military takeover in Argentina was
"a carbon copy" of the CIA-led coup in Chile.
Behind the massacres and
human rights violations, "free market" reforms had also been prescribed, this
time under the supervision of Argentina's New York creditors." - Michel
Chossudovsky, Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order
30,000 People Were 'Disappeared' in Argentina's Dirty
tortures and 'disappears' thousands of his own countrymen in a crackdown on
political labor leaders.
The Other 9/11: A CIA Agent Remembers Chile's Coup
Chile, September 11, 1973: Military Coup, Imposition of
in the pocket of the CIA, reports
Richard Nixon's crimes
long before any other newspaper takes up the subject.
Woodward and Bernstein, make almost no mention of the CIA's many fingerprints
all over the scandal.
It is later revealed that Woodward is a Naval
intelligence briefer to the White House, and knows many important intelligence
figures, including General Alexander Haig.
His main source, "Deep
Throat," is probably one of those.
Richard Nixon fires
CIA Director Richard Helms
for failing to cover up the Watergate Scandal.
1974 Pulitzer prize winning
journalist Seymour Hersh outs domestic surveillance and
infiltration of anti-war and civil rights groups in the US.
holds hearings on the illegal domestic spying efforts of
James Jesus Angleton,
chief of counterintelligence.
His efforts included mail-opening
campaigns and secret surveillance of war protesters.
Angleton is fired.
Hughes Ryan Amendment
Congress passes an
amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 requiring the president to
report nonintelligence CIA operations to the relevant congressional committees
in a timely fashion.
Victor Marchetti and John Marks publish "The CIA
and the Cult of Intelligence" - a whistleblowing history of CIA crimes and
Marchetti spent 14 years in the CIA, eventually becoming an
executive assistant to the Deputy Director of Intelligence.
Marks spent five years as an intelligence officer in the State
convinces Gerald Ford to to back
Jonas Savimbi in Angola, a Reagan administration policy continuation.
Angola, of little strategic importance, is not threatened by
polarizes Angolan politics and drives his opponents into the arms of Cuba and
the Soviet Union for survival.
Congress will cut off funds in 1976, but
the CIA is able to run
the war off the books until 1984, when funding is legalized again.
This entirely pointless war kills over 300,000 Angolans.
CIA helps topple the democratically elected, left-leaning
Australian government of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam.
The CIA does
this by giving an ultimatum to its Governor-General, John Kerr.
longtime CIA collaborator, exercises his constitutional right to dissolve the
The Governor-General is a largely ceremonial
position appointed by the Queen; the Prime Minister is democratically elected.
The use of this archaic and never-used law stuns the nation.
Constitutional coup of Gough Whitlam and his Labor party is financed by
$2.4 million slush fund most likely provide by Black Eagle
"The push to remove Whitlam from office came from Ted
Shackley, with the blessing of Secretary of State
Henry Kissinger." - Patricia Goldstone
Whitlam opposed the US
bombing of the civilian population of North Vietnam and Cambodia and the use of
the highly sensitive technology of the joint US-Australian space research
facility at Pine Gap for espionage.
The British-American coup that ended Australian
Moral outrage compels
Congress to hold hearings on CIA crimes.
Senator Frank Church heads the
Church Committee Senate investigation, and Representative Otis Pike
heads the House investigation.
CIA Targeted Assassinations by Induced Heart Attack and
Despite a 98% incumbency reelection rate, both Church and
Pike are defeated in the
The investigations lead to a number of reforms which
prove ineffective, as the Iran-Contra scandal reveals.
creates Rockefeller Commission, headed by
which attempts to reduce the damage done by the Church Committee.
Five of the commission's eight members are also members of the
Council on Foreign
White House Altered Rockefeller Commission
Helms, executive director of the CIA who authorized the September Plan, is
convicted of perjury for lying to a Senate committee about the overthrow of the
democratically elected government of Chile and the assassination of Salvador
"I don't see why we need to stand by and watch a country go
communist due to the irresponsibility of its people. The issues are much too
important for the Chilean
voters to be left to decide for themselves." -
CIA fails to predict the fall of the Shah of Iran, a longtime
puppet, and the rise of Muslim fundamentalists who are furious at SAVAK, the
Shah's bloodthirsty secret police.
Iranian 'students' take 52 Americans
hostage in the US embassy in Tehran.
Agency begins providing assistance to the Afghani mujahideen in a program
called Operation Cyclone.
Between $3 - $20 billion in
American funds are funneled into Afghanistan over the next several years to
train and equip mujahideen.
Usamah bin Mohammad bin Laden is provided
weapons including Stinger
surface-to-air missiles and
training in the latest
Soviets invade Afghanistan
five months after the CIA
begins supplying arms to any faction willing to fight the Soviets.
Sheik Abdel Rahman, who will become involved in the
first World Trade Center
bombing, is trained at this time.
In Nicaragua Anastasios Somoza II falls.
Marxist Sandinistas, committed to land
and anti-poverty reform, ascend.
Samoza has a personal army - the
become the Contras and begin a CIA-backed guerilla war.
The Myth of the Liberal Coup
Adolfo Arnaldo Majano
Ramos and Jaime Abdul Gutiérrez Avendaño perform a coup
d'état in El Salvador with the support of Guillermo Ungo, Mario Antonio
Andino and Román Mayorga Quirós.
This launches a
full-fledged civil war that lasts for more than 12 years.
terrorizied and targeted of by death squads,
children recruited as child
soldiers and other violations of human rights, mostly by the military.
An unknown number of people disappeared during the conflict, and the UN
reports that more than 75,000 were killed.
Archbishop Oscar Romero of San
Salvador pleads with Jimmy Carter "Christian
to Christian" to stop aiding the military government slaughtering his people.
D'Aubuisson has Oscar Romero, a liberation theologist, shot dead after saying
El Salvador dissolves into civil war, with the peasants in the
hills fighting against the military government.
The CIA and US Armed
Forces supply the government with overwhelming military and intelligence
superiority throughout the Carter and Reagan administrations.
trained death squads roam the countryside deliberate terrorizing and targeting
civilians, inducting child soldiers and committing atrocities like that of
El Mazote, where they
massacre between 700 and 1000 Christian men, women and children.
reports more than 75,000 are killed.
Contras begin planting
harbor mines, blowing
up pipelines and threatening to sink civilian ships in attempts to
overthrow the democratically
elected Sandinista government of Nicaragua.
CIA begins selling arms to
Iran at high prices, using
the profits to arm the Contras fighting the Sandinista government in
Freedom Fighter's Manual disbursed to the Contras includes
instruction on economic
sabotage, propaganda, extortion, bribery, blackmail, interrogation,
torture, murder and
Attempted assassination of
Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley, Jr.
John Hinckley, Jr. granted a full-time release
May 24 President of Ecuador Jaime Roldós Aguilera,
known for his human rights leadership, dies in a plane crash.
31 Panamanian President Omar Efraín Torrijos Herrera, critical of
the US role in the region, dies in a plane crash.
After the Boland Amendment is enacted, it becomes
illegal under American law to fund the Contras; National Security Adviser
Robert MacFarlan, Deputy National Security Adviser Admiral Poindexter,
National Security Council
staffer Lt. Col. Oliver North and others continued an illegal drugs-for-weapons
operation to fund the Contras which leads to the
gives Honduran military officers the
Resource Exploitation Training Manual.
"While we do not stress
deplore the use of coercive
techniques, we do want to make you aware of them and the proper way to use
notorious "Battalion 316 then uses these techniques on leftist dissidents.
least 184 are murdered.
1983 CIA Document Reveals Plan To Destroy
Agee publishes a diary of his life - "Inside the Company".
Agee worked in covert operations in Latin America during the 60s, and
details the crimes in which he took part.
Last of a series of Boland
Amendments is passed.
These amendments have reduced CIA aid to the
Contras; the last one cuts it off completely.
CIA Director William
Casey is already prepared to "hand off" the operation to Lt. Col. Oliver
North, who illegally continues supplying the Contras through the CIA's
informal, secret, and self-financing network.
This includes "humanitarian aid" donated
by Joseph Coors and
William Simon, and military aid funded by
Iranian arms sales.
Nicaragua shoots down a C-123
transport plane carrying military supplies to the Contras.
survivor, Eugene Hasenfus, turns out to be a CIA employee, as are the two dead
The airplane belongs to Southern Air Transport, a CIA
The incident makes a mockery of claims that the CIA is not
illegally arming the Contras.
finally captures the media's attention.
Congress holds hearings, and
several key figures, including Lt. Col. Oliver
North, lie under oath to
protect the intelligence community.
CIA Director William Casey dies of
brain cancer before Congress can question him.
All reforms enacted by
Congress after this scandal are purely cosmetic.
Jonathan Pollard Spy Case
1989 US invades Panama to overthrow a dictator on the CIA
payroll, General Manuel Noriega, who has been transporting cocaine for
1990 With "Baby Doc"
Duvalier deposed, "leftist priest" Jean-Bertrand Aristide captures 68% of the
vote competing against 10 comparatively wealthy candidates.
months in power, the CIA-backed military deposes him and brutalizes the
Haitian refugees escape the turmoil in barely seaworthy boats.
popular opinion calls for
Aristide's return, the CIA begins
a disinformation campaign
painting the courageous priest as mentally unstable.
Saddam Hussein, a creature of the
CIA, invades Kuwait.
encouragement, Hussein invaded Iran in 1980.
During this costly
eight-year war, the CIA
built up Hussein' forces with sophisticated
arms, intelligence, training and financial backing.
Hussein's power at home, allowing him to crush the many internal rebellions
that erupted from time to time, sometimes with
poison gas supplied by the
In the years following the
end of the Cold War, the CIA is increasingly used for economic espionage.
This involves stealing technological secrets of competing foreign
companies and giving them to American ones.
Chaos in Haiti grows so bad that William Jefferson Clinton has no
choice but to depose the Haitian military dictator, Raoul Cedras, on threat of
The US occupiers do not arrest Haiti's military leaders
for crimes against
humanity, instead ensure their safe rich retirements.
returned to power only after being forced to accept an agenda favorable to the
country's ruling class.
1996 Gary Stephen Webb
prints his "Dark Alliance" series San Jose Mercury News detailing Iran-Contra
"In the intelligence community, it is taught that
the best way to
hide something is to place it in open view." - Dr. John
How the CIA made Google
CIA Lost Office In WTC
54 countries participated in the CIA rendition
December 10, 2004 Gary Stephen Webb
dies of two 33. caliber gunshot wounds to the back of the head.
How the CIA Watched Over the Destruction of Gary
CIA in South America
Chiquita fruit company 'funded death squads'
Body of Lies: The CIA's involvement with US
CIA expands investments in semis
Startups Backed By The CIA
Exclusive: Google, CIA Invest in 'Future' of Web
CIA and Google's Joint Investment Raising
Prejudice - CIA Whistle Blower Susan Lindauer
CIA Jet Crashes With 4 TONS of Cocaine on Board
Torture Jet wrecks with 4 Tons of COCAINE
25 Cutting Edge Firms Funded By The CIA
The CIA and Jeff Bezos Bet on Quantum Computing
Declassified Documents Reveals Secrets About Area 51 and
'Black budget': US spy network's successes, failures and
In Virginia's Fairfax County, Robbing Banks for the
In-Q-Tel: A Glimpse Inside the CIA's Venture-Capital
HyTrust Receives Investment from CIA's Venture Capital
Narrative Science: The CIA is Investing in Artificial
Intelligence That Actually Works
CIA Investment Arm Has Its Sights -- And Money -- Set On
The CIA's Program to Spread Polio in Pakistan is
The CIA, the Murder of Lumumba, and the Rise of
Is Not What It Seems by Julian Assange
The CIA style guide goes online: Write like a spy
LA Times Reporter Cleared Stories With Agency Before
the CIA Launched the «Financial Pearl Harbor» Attacks on Russia and
NPR Presents CIA-Backed Group as Independent Expert on Snowden's
2015CIA's Hidden Hand in 'Democracy' Groups
CIA Reorganizes to Speed Analysis, Focus More on
How the Makers of "Zero Dark Thirty" Seduced the CIA with Fake
Judge Orders CIA To Pay $400,000 In Legal Fees To FOIA Requester
It Jerked Around
12 Early- And Mid-Stage Startups Backed By The CIA, Pentagon,
And US Army
CIA agent recruiting police and military personnel
"Stories Manufactured By A Really Small Number Of
CIA 'Siren Servers' can predict social uprisings 3-5 days in
Man Who Ousted the Australian Government in
The History of the CIA
CIA uses a secret tool to spy on NSA, FBI and other intel
US admits role in Operation Lava Jato
Operation Warp Speed is Using a CIA-Linked
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