"The CIA was conceived at
the end of World War II as the
way America could fight as dirty as any other nation.
So we needed in a
bad world something as evil as the Soviet KGB.
This has done more to
destroy the goodwill formerly enjoyed by America across the face of the Earth
than anything we've done.
In addition, even in the intelligence arena,
the CIA has failed us on many important issues in the last 20 years.
Let's start over in keeping with our core values." - T. Willard
1947 Truman signs the National Security Act creating the Central
Intelligence Agency and National Security
"From the very beginning of the postwar era, Washington
looked for proxies to combat the threat it perceived of world revolution." -
Peter Dale Scott
Frank Wisner is
appointed director of the Office of Special Projects, renamed the
Office of Policy Coordination shortly therafter.
an organization concentrated on "propaganda, economic warfare; preventive
direct action, including sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition and evacuation
measures; subversion against hostile states, including assistance to
underground resistance groups, and support of
anti-Communist elements in threatened countries of the free
Mockingbird to influence the domestic American media.
Frank Wisner recruits
Philip Graham to run the project in national media.
recruits James Truitt, Russell Wiggins, Phil Geyelin, John Hayes, Alan Barth,
Stewart Alsop, Joseph Alsop and James Reston.
1951 Cord Meyer, married to Mary Eno Pinchot, second daughter
of Amos Pinchot, is recruited by
Allen Welsh Dulles.
(Mary Eno Pinchot Meyer is murdered in Georgetown, October
"I saw a neat and almost bloodless bullet hole in her
When Mary Meyer died, no one knew about her affair with John
Kennedy, or about her ex-husband' job managing the CIA' clandestine
The papers noted that Mary, 43, was a Georgetown artist, born
to a wealthy Pennsylvania family, daughter of Amos Pinchot, the Progressive
lawyer, and niece of Gifford Pinchot, the
Teddy Roosevelt's chief forester." - Lance Morrow
Amos Pinchot, educated at Yale, was a member of
Deborah Davis claimed Meyer became Mockingbird's
Commissioned writers included:
Stewart Alsop (New York Herald Tribune);
Ben Bradlee (Newsweek);
Reston (New York
Charles Douglas Jackson
Walter Winchell (New
York Daily Mirror);
Walter Lippmann, William
Edgar Ansel Mowrer (Chicago Daily News);
William C. Baggs,
Hendrix & Herb Gold (Miami News);
Whitelaw Reid (New York Herald Tribune);
Jerry O'Leary (Washington Star);
Charles L. Bartlett (Chattanooga
Mockingbird had a major influence over individuals within 25
newspapers and wire agencies including:
William Paley (CBS);
Henry Luce (Time magazine and Life
Arthur Hays Sulzberger (New
Rogers Reid (New York Herald Tribune);
Dorothy Schiff (New York Post);
Alfred Friendly (managing
editor of the Washington Post);
Barry Bingham (Louisville Courier-Journal);
James S. Copley (Copley News Services).
Henry Luce, the owner of a
large media empire, became a key figure in
August, 1952 Office of
Policy Coordination and the Office of Special Operations merge to form the
Directorate of Plans (DPP).
Frank Wisner is head of
this new organization and Richard
Helms became his chief of operations.
Frank Wisner hires
Desmond Fitzgerald as executive officer of the Office of
Policy Coordination's Far Eastern Division.
FitzGerald arranged for over
200 agents to be parachuted into China.
Over a two year period 101 were
killed by local peasants, the rest captured and imprisoned.
'purchases' $152 million worth of foreign weapons and
ammunition for guerrilla
groups that never exist in China.
Based in Taiwan FitzGerald organized
covert operations during the Korean War.
FitzGerald personally organized
three different plots to assassinate Fidel Castro.
1953 Morse Allen orders the production of
The Black Art detailing the ease of hypnosis -
for vetted employees
Official CIA Manual of Trickery and Deception appears in
CIA begins experiments in mind control.
LSD and other drugs are given
to American subjects without their knowledge and against their will,
causing several to commit suicide.
- study psychotomimetic drugs (produce psychosis)
Funded in part by the
Ford foundations, research includes
other forms of
Mind altering projects go under the code names of
Project Chatter, Project Bluebird,
Project MKNAOMI is a joint project
between the CIA and the Army's Special Operations Division involving the use of
chemical and biological agents for a variety of purposes including
incapacitation and elimination.
Items developed range from
"attaché cases rigged to disseminate an agent in the air; a cigarette
rigged to disseminate an agent when lighted; a fountain pen dart launcher; an
engine head bolt designed to release an agent when heated; a fluorescent light
starter to activate the light and then release an agent
Chemicals tested include:
atrophine, psilocybin, BZ
chlorpromazine, LSD with
Dibenzyline (blocking agents), LSM (Lysergic acid morpholide),
compounds and various
Agents are then enlisted to harass the test
"Gather information on their
as scurrilous and depraved.
Call attention to their habits and living
Explore every possible
Send in women and sex, break up
members arrested on marijuana charges.
conflicts or animosities between them.
Send articles to the newspapers
showing their depravity.
Use narcotics and free sex to
Use misinformation to confuse and disrupt.
records of their bank accounts.
Obtain specimens of handwriting.
Provoke target groups into rivalries
that may result in death."
An eight-page CIA manual titled A
Study of Assassination is penned by Sidney Gottlieb.
accident is the most effective technique the manual advises:
successfully executed, it causes little excitement and is only casually
investigated. The most efficient accident, in simple assassination, is
a fall of 75 feet or more
onto a hard surface. It will usually be necessary to stun or drug the
subject before dropping him. Care is required to insure that no wound or
condition not attributable to the fall is discernible after death. A rock or
heavy stick will do, and nothing resembling a weapon need be procured, carried,
or subsequently disposed of. Blows should be directed to the temple."
"The US played a significant role in
orchestrating the overthrow of a popular prime minister of
Iran, Mohammed Mossadegh.
Eisenhower administration believed its actions were justified for strategic
reasons, but the coup was clearly a setback for the political development of
It is easy to see now why many
Iranians continue to
resent this intervention by America in their internal affairs." -
1953 CIA funds the overthrow of the democratically elected
Mohammed Mossadegh in a military coup, after he threatens to nationalize
The CIA replaces him with a dictator, the
Shah of Iran, whose secret police,
SAVAK, is as brutal as the Gestapo and the Department of Homeland Security.
CIA funds the
overthrow of the democratically elected Jacob Arbenz in a military coup.
Arbenz has threatened to nationalize the Rockefeller-owned
Company, in which CIA Director Allen Welsh Dulles, a Pilgrims Society
member, owns stock.
Arbenz is replaced with a series of right-wing
dictators whose bloodthirsty policies will kill over 100,000 Guatemalans in the
next 40 years.
Wisner arranges for the funding the Hollywood production
of Animal Farm.
1954-1958 Edward G.
Lansdale spends four years trying to overthrow
the communist government of North Vietnam, using the usual dirty tricks.
The CIA also attempts to legitimize a tyrannical puppet regime in South
Vietnam, headed by Ngô dình
These efforts fail to win the hearts and minds of the South
government is opposed to true democracy,
land reform and
The continuing failure of the CIA results in escalating
American intervention, and culminates in the
1955 Subproject 42 - Operation Midnight Climax.
Radio Free Europe incites Hungary to revolt by broadcasting Khruschev's
Secret Speech(pdf), in which he denounces Stalin.
It also hints
that American aid will help the Hungarians fight.
This aid fails to
a doomed armed revolt inviting a
major Soviet invasion.
The conflict kills 7,000 Soviets and 30,000
September 25, 1957
In their authoritative book about
the CIA entitled The Invisible Government, Washington correspondents
Thomas Ross and David Wise relate how the US supplied a right-wing rebel force
in Indonesia with arms and a small air force of B-26 bombers in an attempt to
The attempt fails, but not before one of the
American pilots, Allen Lawrence Pope, is captured by loyalists.
wonder Soekarno doesn't like us very much. He has to sit down with
the people who
tried to overthrow him. " - John F. Kennedy
"His deep mistrust of the
white West was understandably compounded in the case of the United States by
his knowledge that in 1958 the CIA had participated in an effort to overthrow
him." - Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.
1957-1973 CIA carries out approximately one coup per year
trying to nullify Laos' democratic elections.
The problem is the Pathet Lao, a leftist group with enough popular
support to be a member of any coalition government.
In the late 50s,
the CIA even creates an "Armee Clandestine" of Asian
mercenaries to attack the
After the Armee Clandestine suffers numerous defeats, the
US starts bombing, dropping more bombs on Laos than all the US bombs dropped in
World War II.
A quarter of all Laotians eventually become refugees, many
living in caves.
Bombing Missions Over Laos From 1965-1973
America's early proxy armies, the remnants of Nationalist Chinese KMT forces in
Burma and later Thailand, would continue to receive U.S. support into the
Like the mafias in Europe and the yakuza in Japan, these drug
proxies had the advantage for secrecy of being off-the-books assets, largely
self-supporting through their drug dealing, and firmly
With needed US support, above all in the form of airlift
and arms, Li Mi's irregulars were soon marketing, in the words of Richard
Stilwell (chief of OPC Far East), "almost a third of the world's opium
supply."" - Peter Dale Scott
Steinem Discussing Her Time in the CIA
Military intelligence helps
"Papa Doc" Duvalier become dictator of Haiti.
He creates his own private
police force, the "Tonton Macoutes," who terrorize the population with
They will kill over 100,000 during the Duvalier family reign.
The US does not protest the dismal human rights record.
362 tonnes of weapons, ammunition and equipment as well as 85 trained
guerilla warfare specialists are dropped into Tibet.
Following the 1959
uprising, Tenzin Gyatso flees into
How CIA helped the Dalai Lama end up in
The CIA's Student-Activism Phase
the CIA helped Disney conquer Florida
Steinem Discussing Her Time in the CIA
'Chaos: Charles Manson, the CIA and the Secret History of the
CIA Involvement in the Assassinations of JFK and Dag
1960 CIA stages a coup and
installs Phoumi Novosan in Laos.
Time magazine interviews a CIA officer who
states a plan is in operation to polarize the communist and anti-communist
factions in Laos.
1,500 Cuban exiles invade
Castro's Cuba at the Bay of
Pigs but the invasion fails, due to poor planning, security and backing.
The planners had imagined that the invasion will spark a popular
uprising against Castro - which never happens.
A promised American air
strike also never occurs.
Kennedy fires CIA Director Allen Welsh
CIA assassinates Rafael Trujillo, a genocidal
dictator of the Dominican Republic Washington has supported since 1930.
Trujillo's business interests have grown so large (about 60% of the
economy) that they have begun competing with American business interests.
In Ecuador the CIA-backed military forces the democratically elected
President Jose Velasco to resign.
Vice President Carlos Arosemana
replaces him; the CIA fills the now vacant vice presidency with its own man.
Democratically elected Patrice
Lumumba in the Congo is assassinated.
Public support for Lumumba is so high his opponents cannot
Years of political turmoil
follow whenever assassinations occur.
General Abdel Karim Kassem is disposed by the Baath Party.
Intelligence Agency helps the new Baath Party government in ridding the country
of suspected leftists and Communists including hundreds of doctors, teachers,
technicians, lawyers and other professionals as well as military and political
CIA overthrows the
Juan Bosch in a military coup.
The CIA installs a repressive,
right-wing junta in the Dominican Republic.
CIA-backed military coup overthrows President Arosemana of Ecuador ,
whose independent policies have become unacceptable to Washington.
military junta assumes command, cancels the 1964 elections, and begins
human rights abuses.
DEPTEL 243 is
drafted by W Averell Harriman, Roger Hilsman, Michael Forrestal and approved by
Richard Helms to Henry Cabot Lodge:
"Cannot tolerate situation in which
power lies in Nhu's hands. If Diem remains obdurate and refuses Diem himself
cannot be preserved. Tell appropriate military commanders we will give them
direct support in any interim breakdown of central government mechanism."
CIA Document 1035-960: Foundation of a Weaponized
1964 CIA-backed military coup
overthrows the democratically elected
government of Joao Goulart
The junta that replaces it becomes one of the most
bloodthirsty in history.
General Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco
creates Latin America's first death squads, bands of secret police who hunt
down "communists" for torture, interrogation and murder.
"communists" are no more than Branco's political opponents.
Later it is
revealed that the CIA trains the death squads.
Branco is the first of
five Generals to serve as President during a twenty-one year military
Branco's government, unlike previous directly elected
Presidents Juscelino Kubitschek, Jânio Quadros and João Goulart,
is bankrolled from the start by loans from World
Bank and International Monetary
Overthrow of Cheddi Jagan in British
Desmond Fitzgerald is appointed as head of the Directorate for
Soekarno leads Indonesia in its struggle for independence from
the Netherlands and makes the takeover of Western New Guinea a focus of his
continuing struggle against Dutch imperialism.
Soekarno, the first
President of Indonesia
(1945 to 1967), forges a
fragile balance of power between the military, political Islam, communists,
and nationalists that underlay his "Guided Democracy".
The CIA has been
trying to eliminate Soekarno since 1957, using everything from attempted
assassination to sexual intrigue and is involved in the "training" of over
1,200 officers, "including senior military
On the dawn of 1 October 1965, six of Indonesia's most
senior army generals are kidnapped and murdered by the
"30 September Movement".
The 30 September Movement
consisted of members of the Presidential Guards, Brawidjaja Division, and
Diponegoro Division, under the command of a Lieutenant-Colonel Untung bin
Sjamsuri, a known communist sympathizer who participated in the 1948 Partai
Komunis Indonesia rebellion.
The 30 September Movement takes
control of the only radio
station and broadcasts a statement declaring the kidnappings are meant to
protect Soekarno from a coup attempt by CIA influenced generals.
successor, General Suharto, goes on to massacre between 500,000 to 1 million
civilians accused of being
States and the Overthrow of Soekarno, 1965-1967
rebellion breaks out in the Dominican Republic, promising to reinstall Juan
Bosch as the country's elected leader.
The revolution is crushed when
US Marines land to uphold the military regime by force.
the king is pressured to George Papandreous as prime
Papandreous has failed to vigorously support US interests in
In Congo a CIA-backed military coup installs Mobutu Sese
Seko as dictator.
The hated and repressive Mobutu exploits his
desperately poor country.
"Supplying arms opens the way to influence on
the military and also on the political policies of the recipient
Experience has demonstrated that when an arms deal is
concluded, the military hardware
is only the first step.
Almost invariably, a training mission is needed
and the recipient country becomes dependent on the supplier for spare parts and
other ordinance." - Eugene J. McCarthy, July 9, 1966, Saturday
1966 The Ramparts Affair
Ramparts begins a series of unprecedented antiCIA articles.
their scoops: the CIA has paid the University of Michigan $25 million dollars
to hire "professors" to train South Vietnamese students in covert police
MIT and other
universities have received similar payments.
Ramparts also reveals
that the National Students' Association is a CIA front.
are sometimes recruited through blackmail and bribery, including draft
Helms becomes director.
1967 CIA backed
military coup overthrows the government of Greece two days before the
The favorite to win is George Papandreous, the liberal
During the next six years, the "reign of the colonels" -
backed by the CIA - will usher in the widespread use of torture and murder
against political opponents.
When a Greek ambassador objects to
Lyndon Johnson about US
plans for Cypress, Johnson tells him: "Fuck your parliament and your
Desmond Fitzgerald dies of a heart attack while playing
tennis in Virginia.
PHOENIX program - The CIA
helps South Vietnamese agents identify and murder alleged Viet Cong leaders
operating in South Vietnamese villages.
A 1971 congressional
report says Phoenix kills about 20,000 "Viet Cong."
1968 Operation CHAOS - The CIA has been
illegally spying on American citizens since 1959
dramatically boosts the effort.
CIA agents go undercover as student
radicals to spy on and disrupt campus organizations protesting the
They are searching for
Russian instigators, which they never find.
CHAOS will eventually
spy on 7,000 individuals and 1,000 organizations.
captures legendary guerilla Che Guevara in Bolivia.
The CIA wants to
keep him alive for interrogation, but the Bolivian government executes him to
prevent worldwide calls for clemency.
The CIA helped jail Nelson Mandela
1969 CIA torturer Dan
Mitrione arrives in Uruguay.
Motto: "The precise pain, in the precise
place, in the precise amount, for the desired effect."
previously use torture only as a last resort, Mitrione convinces them to use it
as a routine, widespread practice.
torture techniques he
teaches to the death squads rival the Nazis'.
He becomes so feared that
he is kidnaped and murdered.
Long-secret diplomatic documents reveal
Richard Nixon wanted Uruguay's government to
threaten to kill leftist
prisoners in an attempt to save the life of Dan Mitrione.
1970 CIA overthrows
Prince Sahounek, highly popular among Cambodians for keeping them out of
He is replaced by CIA puppet Lon Nol, who immediately throws
Cambodian troops into battle.
This unpopular move strengthens once minor
opposition parties like the
Khmer Rouge, which
achieves power in 1975 through
Over the past decade the Alliance for Progress
subsidy program for US exporters and private investors has created a trade
imbalance with Latin America of 15 billion dollars.
through the Alliance for Progress has contributed to the economic
development of the US and has gone into debt to do it.
No wonder we
prop up these governments and put down
revolutionaries." - Philip Burnett Franklin Agee
1971 After half a decade of CIA-inspired political turmoil, a
CIA-backed military coup overthrows President Juan Torres in Bolivia.
In the next two years, dictator Hugo Banzer will have over 2,000
political opponents arrested without
trial, then tortured,
Duvalier dies, leaving his 19-year old son "Baby Doc" Duvalier the dictator of
His son continues his bloody reign with full knowledge of the
1972 Case-Zablocki Act
Congress passes an act requiring
congressional review of executive agreements.
In theory, this should
make CIA operations more accountable.
In fact, it is only marginally
Congress votes to cut
off CIA funds for its secret war in Cambodia.
A team of burglars
wiretap Democratic offices at Watergate.
The team members have
extensive CIA histories, including James McCord, E. Howard Hunt and five Cuban
They work for the Committee to Reelect the President
(CREEP), which does dirty work like disrupting Democratic campaigns and
laundering illegal campaign contributions.
CREEP's activities are
funded and organized by another CIA front, the Mullen Company.
"I'm the Guy They Called Deep Throat"
nationalizes American-owned firms in Chile.
ITT offers the CIA $1
million for a coup.
Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez, son of Arturo
Alessandri (El presidente de la República de Chile: 1920 to 1925; and
1932 to 1938), presented a 189-page "Program for Economic Development" called
El ladrillo ("The Brick") in 1969
haciendo campaña es el jefe when he loses in 1970 to Salvador
CIA facilitates the
overthrow and assassination of Allende in Chile.
The main objective of
the US-supported military coup in Chile is the imposition of the global
neoliberal economic agenda.
Sweeping macro-economic reforms including
'liberalization' and the freeze of wages are
implemented based on El ladrillo.
"I started to understand the role
of military-intelligence operations in support of what is described as a
process of "economic restructuring".
In my earlier writings on the
Chilean military Junta, I looked upon the so-called "free market" reform as an
instrument of "economic repression."
later, I returned to Latin America as a visiting professor at the National
University of Cordoba in the industrial heartland of Argentina.
coincided with the 1976 military coup d'État.
Tens of thousands
of people were arrested; Desaparecidos were assassinated.
takeover in Argentina was "a carbon copy" of the CIA-led coup in Chile.
Behind the massacres and human rights violations, "free market" reforms had also
been prescribed, this time under the supervision of Argentina's New York
creditors." - Michel Chossudovsky, Globalization of Poverty and the New
30,000 People Were 'Disappeared' in Argentina's Dirty
Pinochet tortures and 'disappears' thousands of his own countrymen in a
crackdown on political labor leaders.
The Other 9/11: A CIA Agent Remembers Chile's Coup
Chile, September 11, 1973: Military Coup, Imposition of
in the pocket of the CIA, reports Richard Nixon's crimes long before
any other newspaper takes up the subject.
Two reporters, Woodward and
Bernstein, make almost no mention of the CIA's many fingerprints all over the
It is later revealed that Woodward is a Naval intelligence
briefer to the White House, and knows many important intelligence figures,
including General Alexander Haig.
His main source, "Deep Throat," is
probably one of those.
Richard Nixon fires
CIA Director Richard Helms
for failing to cover up the Watergate Scandal.
1974 Pulitzer prize winning
journalist Seymour Hersh outs domestic surveillance and
infiltration of anti-war and civil rights groups in the US.
holds hearings on the illegal domestic spying efforts of
James Jesus Angleton,
chief of counterintelligence.
His efforts included mail-opening
campaigns and secret surveillance of war protesters.
Angleton is fired.
Hughes Ryan Amendment
Congress passes an
amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 requiring the president to
report nonintelligence CIA operations to the relevant congressional committees
in a timely fashion.
Victor Marchetti and John Marks publish "The CIA
and the Cult of Intelligence" - a whistleblowing history of CIA crimes and
Marchetti spent 14 years in the CIA, eventually becoming an
executive assistant to the Deputy Director of Intelligence.
Marks spent five years as an intelligence officer in the State
convinces Gerald Ford to to back
Jonas Savimbi in Angola, a
Reagan administration policy continuation.
Angola, of little strategic
importance, is not threatened by communism.
polarizes Angolan politics and drives his opponents into the arms of
Cuba and the Soviet Union for
Congress will cut off funds in 1976, but
the CIA is able to run
the war off the books until 1984, when funding is legalized again.
This entirely pointless war kills over 300,000 Angolans.
helps topple the democratically elected, left-leaning Australian government of
Prime Minister Gough Whitlam.
The CIA does this by giving an ultimatum
to its Governor-General, John Kerr.
Kerr, a longtime CIA collaborator,
exercises his constitutional right to dissolve the Whitlam government.
The Governor-General is a largely ceremonial position appointed by the
Queen; the Prime Minister is democratically elected.
The use of this
archaic and never-used law stuns the nation.
Constitutional coup of
Gough Whitlam and his Labor party is financed by $2.4 million slush fund most
likely provide by Black Eagle Trust.
"The push to remove Whitlam
from office came from Ted Shackley, with the blessing
of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger." - Patricia Goldstone
opposed the US bombing of the civilian population of North Vietnam and Cambodia
and the use of the highly sensitive technology of the joint US-Australian space
research facility at Pine Gap for espionage.
The British-American coup that ended Australian
Moral outrage compels
Congress to hold hearings on CIA crimes.
|The official CIA
Assassination Manual, released to the public under a court order, contained
detailed instructions on the methods of elimination of political obstacles.
Here is one such example: For secret assassinations
contrived accident is the most effective technique. When successfully executed,
it causes little excitement and is only casually investigated. The most
effective accident .. is a fall of 75 feet or more onto a hard
Elevator shafts, stair wells, unscreened windows and bridges
will serve. The act may be executed by sudden, vigorous grabbing of the ankles,
tipping the subject over the edge.
Frank Church heads the Church Committee Senate investigation, and
Representative Otis Pike heads the House investigation.
CIA Targeted Assassinations by Induced Heart Attack and
Despite a 98% incumbency reelection rate, both Church and
Pike are defeated in the next elections.
The investigations lead to a
number of reforms which prove ineffective, as the Iran-Contra scandal
Gerald Ford creates Rockefeller Commission, headed by
which attempts to reduce the damage done by the Church Committee.
Five of the commission's eight members are also members of the
Council on Foreign Relations.
White House Altered Rockefeller Commission
Richard Helms, executive director of the CIA who authorized the September Plan,
is convicted of perjury
for lying to a Senate committee about the overthrow of the democratically
elected government of Chile and the assassination of Salvador
"I don't see why we need to stand by and watch a country go
communist due to the irresponsibility of its people. The issues are much too
important for the Chilean
voters to be left to decide for themselves." -
CIA fails to predict the fall of the Shah
of Iran, a longtime puppet, and the rise of Muslim fundamentalists who are
furious at SAVAK, the Shah's bloodthirsty secret police.
'students' take 52 Americans hostage in the US embassy in Tehran.
Central Intelligence Agency begins
providing assistance to the Afghani mujahideen in a program called Operation
Between $3 - $20 billion in American funds are
funneled into Afghanistan over the next several years to train and equip
Usamah bin Mohammad bin Laden is provided
weapons including Stinger
surface-to-air missiles and
training in the latest
Soviets invade Afghanistan
five months after the CIA begins
supplying arms to any faction willing to fight the Soviets.
Abdel Rahman, who will become involved in the
first World Trade Center
bombing, is trained at this time.
In Nicaragua Anastasios Somoza II falls.
Marxist Sandinistas, committed to land
and anti-poverty reform, ascend.
Samoza has a personal army - the
become the Contras and begin a CIA-backed guerilla war.
The Myth of the Liberal Coup
Adolfo Arnaldo Majano
Ramos and Jaime Abdul Gutiérrez Avendaño perform a coup
d'état in El Salvador with the support of Guillermo Ungo, Mario Antonio
Andino and Román Mayorga Quirós.
This launches a
full-fledged civil war that lasts for more than 12 years.
terrorizied and targeted of by death squads,
children recruited as child
soldiers and other violations of human rights, mostly by the military.
An unknown number of people disappeared during the conflict, and the UN
reports that more than 75,000 were killed.
Archbishop Oscar Romero of San
Salvador pleads with Jimmy Carter "Christian
to Christian" to stop aiding the military government slaughtering his people.
D'Aubuisson has Oscar Romero, a liberation theologist, shot dead after saying
El Salvador dissolves into civil war, with the peasants in the
hills fighting against the military government.
The CIA and US Armed
Forces supply the government with overwhelming military and intelligence
superiority throughout the Carter and Reagan administrations.
CIA trained death squads roam the
countryside deliberate terrorizing and targeting civilians, inducting child
soldiers and committing atrocities like that of
El Mazote, where they massacre
between 700 and 1000 Christian men, women and children.
UN reports more
than 75,000 are killed.
Contras begin planting
harbor mines, blowing up
pipelines and threatening to sink civilian ships in attempts to
overthrow the democratically
elected Sandinista government of Nicaragua.
CIA begins selling
arms to Iran at high prices, using the
profits to arm the Contras fighting the Sandinista government in
Freedom Fighter's Manual disbursed to the Contras
includes instruction on economic sabotage, propaganda,
torture, murder and
Attempted assassination of
Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley, Jr.
John Hinckley, Jr. granted a full-time release
May 24 President of Ecuador Jaime Roldós Aguilera,
known for his human rights leadership, dies in a plane crash.
31 Panamanian President Omar Efraín Torrijos Herrera, critical of
the US role in the region, dies in a plane crash.
After the Boland Amendment is enacted, it becomes
illegal under American law to fund the Contras; National Security Adviser
Robert MacFarlan, Deputy National Security Adviser Admiral Poindexter,
National Security Council
staffer Lt. Col. Oliver North and others continued an illegal drugs-for-weapons
operation to fund the Contras which leads to the
gives Honduran military officers the
Resource Exploitation Training Manual.
"While we do not stress
deplore the use of coercive
techniques, we do want to make you aware of them and the proper way to use
"Battalion 316 then uses these techniques on leftist dissidents.
At least 184 are
CIA Document Reveals Plan To Destroy Syria
Philip Agee publishes a diary of his
life - "Inside the Company".
Agee worked in covert
operations in Latin America during the 60s, and details the crimes in which he
Last of a series of Boland Amendments is passed.
These amendments have reduced CIA aid to the Contras; the last one cuts
it off completely.
CIA Director William
Casey is already prepared to "hand off" the operation to Lt. Col. Oliver
North, who illegally continues supplying the Contras through the CIA's
informal, secret, and self-financing network.
This includes "humanitarian aid" donated
by Joseph Coors and
William Simon, and military aid funded by
Iranian arms sales.
Nicaragua shoots down a C-123
transport plane carrying military supplies to the Contras.
survivor, Eugene Hasenfus, turns out to be a CIA employee, as are the two dead
The airplane belongs to Southern Air Transport, a CIA
The incident makes
a mockery of claims that the CIA is not illegally arming the
finally captures the media's attention.
Congress holds hearings, and
several key figures, including Lt. Col. Oliver
North, lie under oath to
protect the intelligence community.
William Casey dies of brain cancer before Congress can question
All reforms enacted by Congress after this scandal are purely
Jonathan Pollard Spy Case
1989 US invades Panama to overthrow a dictator on the CIA
payroll, General Manuel Noriega, who has been transporting cocaine for
1990 With "Baby Doc"
Duvalier deposed, "leftist priest" Jean-Bertrand Aristide captures 68% of the
vote competing against 10 comparatively wealthy candidates.
months in power, the CIA-backed military deposes him and brutalizes the
Thousands of Haitian
refugees escape the turmoil in barely seaworthy boats.
popular opinion calls for
Aristide's return, the CIA begins
campaign painting the courageous priest as mentally unstable.
1991 Saddam Hussein, a creature of the CIA,
With US encouragement, Hussein invaded Iran in 1980.
this costly eight-year war, the CIA built up Hussein' forces
with sophisticated arms, intelligence,
training and financial backing.
This cemented Hussein's power at home,
allowing him to crush the many internal rebellions that erupted from time to
time, sometimes with poison gas supplied by
In the years following the
end of the Cold War, the CIA is increasingly used for economic espionage.
This involves stealing technological secrets of competing foreign
companies and giving them to American ones.
Chaos in Haiti grows so bad that William Jefferson Clinton has no
choice but to depose the Haitian military dictator, Raoul Cedras, on threat of
The US occupiers do not arrest Haiti's military leaders
for crimes against
humanity, instead ensure their safe rich retirements.
returned to power only after being forced to accept an agenda favorable to the
country's ruling class.
1996 Gary Stephen Webb
prints his "Dark Alliance" series San Jose Mercury News detailing Iran-Contra
"In the intelligence community, it is taught that
the best way to
hide something is to place it in open view." - Dr. John
How the CIA made Google
CIA Lost Office In WTC
54 countries participated in the CIA rendition
December 10, 2004 Gary Stephen Webb
dies of two 33. caliber gunshot wounds to the back of the head.
How the CIA Watched Over the Destruction of Gary
2007 CIA in South America
Chiquita fruit company 'funded death squads'
2008 Body of Lies: The CIA's involvement with US
expands investments in semis
2010 Startups Backed By The CIA
Exclusive: Google, CIA Invest in 'Future' of Web
CIA and Google's Joint Investment Raising
Prejudice - CIA Whistle Blower Susan Lindauer
CIA Jet Crashes With 4 TONS of Cocaine on Board
Torture Jet wrecks with 4 Tons of COCAINE
25 Cutting Edge Firms Funded By The CIA
The CIA and Jeff Bezos Bet on Quantum Computing
Declassified Documents Reveals Secrets About Area 51 and
'Black budget': US spy network's successes, failures and
In Virginia's Fairfax County, Robbing Banks for the
In-Q-Tel: A Glimpse Inside the CIA's Venture-Capital
HyTrust Receives Investment from CIA's Venture Capital
Narrative Science: The CIA is Investing in Artificial
Intelligence That Actually Works
CIA Investment Arm Has Its Sights -- And Money -- Set On
The CIA's Program to Spread Polio in Pakistan is
The CIA, the Murder of Lumumba, and the Rise of
Is Not What It Seems by Julian Assange
The CIA style guide goes online: Write like a spy
LA Times Reporter Cleared Stories With Agency Before
the CIA Launched the «Financial Pearl Harbor» Attacks on Russia and
NPR Presents CIA-Backed Group as Independent Expert on Snowden's
2015CIA's Hidden Hand in 'Democracy' Groups
CIA Reorganizes to Speed Analysis, Focus More on
How the Makers of "Zero Dark Thirty" Seduced the CIA with Fake
Judge Orders CIA To Pay $400,000 In Legal Fees To FOIA Requester
It Jerked Around
12 Early- And Mid-Stage Startups Backed By The CIA, Pentagon,
And US Army
CIA agent recruiting police and military personnel
"Stories Manufactured By A Really Small Number Of
CIA 'Siren Servers' can predict social uprisings 3-5 days in
Man Who Ousted the Australian Government in 1975
CIA's Venture Capital Arm Is Funding Skin Care Products That
The History of the CIA
CIA uses a secret tool to spy on NSA, FBI and other intel
US admits role in Operation Lava Jato
Operation Warp Speed is Using a CIA-Linked
the CIA Can of Worms
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